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Ezekiel 28:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou wast in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, the topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was in thee; in the day that thou wast created they were prepared.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone [was] thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You were in Eden, the garden of God; Every precious stone was your covering: The ruby, the topaz and the diamond; The beryl, the onyx and the jasper; The lapis lazuli, the turquoise and the emerald; And the gold, the workmanship of your settings and sockets, Was in you. On the day that you were created They were prepared.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone [was] thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— thou wast in Eden, the garden of God. Every precious stone was thy covering: the sardius, the topaz, and the diamond, the chrysolite, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the carbuncle, and the emerald, and gold. The workmanship of thy tambours and of thy pipes was in thee: in the day that thou wast created were they prepared.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In Eden, the garden of God, thou wast, Of every precious stone, was thy covering—Sardius, topaz, and diamond, Chrysolite, beryl, and jasper, Sapphire, carbuncle, and emerald,—And, of gold, was the work of thy timbrels and thy flutes, within thee, In the day thou wast created, were they prepared:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In Eden, the garden of God, thou hast been, Every precious stone thy covering, Ruby, topaz, and diamond, beryl, onyx, and jasper, Sapphire, emerald, and carbuncle, and gold, The workmanship of thy tabrets, and of thy pipes, In thee in the day of thy being produced, have been prepared.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou wast in the pleasures of the paradise of God: every precious stone was thy covering: the sardius, the topaz, and the jasper, the chrysolite, and the onyx, and the beryl, the sapphire, and the carbuncle, and the emerald: gold the work of thy beauty: and thy pipes were prepared in the day that thou wast created.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou hast beene in Eden the garden of God; euery precious stone [was] thy couering, the Sardius, Topaze, and the Diamond, the Beril, the Onyx, and the Iasper, the Saphir, the Emeraude, and the Carbuncle and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee, in the day that thou wast created.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou wast in the delight of the paradise of God; thou hast bound upon thee every precious stone, the sardius, and topaz, and emerald, and carbuncle, and sapphire, and jasper, and silver, and gold, and ligure, and agate, and amethyst, and chrysolite, and beryl, and onyx: and thou hast filled thy treasures and thy stores in thee with gold.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou hast been in Eden the garden of Elohim; every precious stone [was] thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou hast been x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in `en עֵדֶן 5731
{5731} Prime
עֵדֶן
`Eden
{ay'-den}
The same as H5730 (masculine); Eden, the region of Adam's home.
the garden 1588
{1588} Prime
גָּן
gan
{gan}
From H1598; a garden (as fenced).
of lhm אֱלֹהִים; 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
precious 3368
{3368} Prime
יָקָר
yaqar
{yaw-kawr'}
From H3365; valuable (objectively or subjectively).
stone 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
[was] thy covering, 4540
{4540} Prime
מְסוּכָה
m@cukkah
{mes-ook-kaw'}
From H5526; a covering, that is, garniture.
the sardius, 124
{0124} Prime
אֹדֶם
'odem
{o'-dem}
From H0119; redness, that is, the ruby, garnet, or some other red gem.
topaz, 6357
{6357} Prime
פִּטְדָה
pitdah
{pit-daw'}
Of foreign derivation; a gem, probably the topaz.
and the diamond, 3095
{3095} Prime
יָהֲלֹם
yahalom
{yah-hal-ome'}
From H1986 (in the sense of hardness); a precious stone, probably onyx.
the beryl, 8658
{8658} Prime
תַּרְשִׁישׁ
tarshiysh
{tar-sheesh'}
Probably of foreign derivation (compare H8659); a gem, perhaps the topaz.
the onyx, 7718
{7718} Prime
שֹׁהַם
shoham
{sho'-ham}
From an unused root probably meaning to blanch; a gem, probably the beryl (from its pale green color).
and the jasper, 3471
{3471} Prime
יָשְׁפֵה
yash@pheh
{yaw-shef-ay'}
From an unused root meaning to polish; a gem supposed to be jasper (from the resemblance in name).
the sapphire, 5601
{5601} Prime
סַפִּיר
cappiyr
{sap-peer'}
From H5608; a gem (perhaps as used for scratching other substances), probably the sapphire.
the emerald, 5306
{5306} Prime
נֹפֶךְ
nophek
{no'-fek}
From an unused root meaning to glisten; shining; a gem, probably the garnet.
and the carbuncle, 1304
{1304} Prime
בָּרֶקֶת
bareqeth
{baw-reh'-keth}
From H1300; a gem (as flashing), perhaps the emerald.
and gold: 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
the workmanship 4399
{4399} Prime
מְלָאכָה
m@la'kah
{mel-aw-kaw'}
From the same as H4397; properly deputyship, that is, ministry; generally employment (never servile) or work (abstractly or concretely); also property (as the result of labor).
of thy tabrets 8596
{8596} Prime
תֹּף
toph
{tofe}
From H8608 contracted; a tambourine.
and of thy pipes 5345
{5345} Prime
נֶקֶב
neqeb
{neh'-keb}
A bezel (for a gem).
was prepared 3559
{3559} Prime
כּוּן
kuwn
{koon}
A primitive root; properly to be erect (that is, stand perpendicular);. hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous).
z8797
<8797> Grammar
Stem - Pulal (See H8850)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 21
in thee in the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
that thou wast created. 1254
{1254} Prime
בּרא
bara'
{baw-raw'}
A primitive root; (absolutely) to create; (qualified) to cut down (a wood), select, feed (as formative processes).
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 28:13

_ _ in Eden — The king of Tyre is represented in his former high state (contrasted with his subsequent downfall), under images drawn from the primeval man in Eden, the type of humanity in its most Godlike form.

_ _ garden of God — the model of ideal loveliness (Ezekiel 31:8, Ezekiel 31:9; Ezekiel 36:35). In the person of the king of Tyre a new trial was made of humanity with the greatest earthly advantages. But as in the case of Adam, the good gifts of God were only turned into ministers to pride and self.

_ _ every precious stone — so in Eden (Genesis 2:12), “gold, bdellium, and the onyx stone.” So the king of Tyre was arrayed in jewel-bespangled robes after the fashion of Oriental monarchs. The nine precious stones here mentioned answer to nine of the twelve (representing the twelve tribes) in the high priest’s breastplate (Exodus 39:10-13; Revelation 21:14, Revelation 21:19-21). Of the four rows of three in each, the third is omitted in the Hebrew, but is supplied in the Septuagint. In this, too, there is an ulterior reference to Antichrist, who is blasphemously to arrogate the office of our divine High Priest (Zechariah 6:13).

_ _ tabrets — tambourines.

_ _ pipes — literally, “holes” in musical pipes or flutes.

_ _ created — that is, in the day of thine accession to the throne. Tambourines and all the marks of joy were ready prepared for thee (“in thee,” that is, “with and for thee”). Thou hadst not, like others, to work thy way to the throne through arduous struggles. No sooner created than, like Adam, thou wast surrounded with the gratifications of Eden. Fairbairn, for “pipes,” translates, “females” (having reference to Genesis 1:27), that is, musician-women. Maurer explains the Hebrew not as to music, but as to the setting and mounting of the gems previously mentioned.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 28:11-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 28:13

In Eden — In the midst of all delights. The workmanship — Now the prophet notes their joys, musick, and songs, both to loud, and to softer musick, as the lute, and tabret in the day of their kings coronation, and all this on instruments of most exquisite make, and of their own artists work; in this they exceeded as in the other. Created — King: in the day of thy coronation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in Eden:

Ezekiel 31:8-9 The cedars in the garden of God could not hide him: the fir trees were not like his boughs, and the chesnut trees were not like his branches; nor any tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty. ... I have made him fair by the multitude of his branches: so that all the trees of Eden, that [were] in the garden of God, envied him.
Ezekiel 36:35 And they shall say, This land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden; and the waste and desolate and ruined cities [are become] fenced, [and] are inhabited.
Genesis 2:8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.
Genesis 3:23-24 Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. ... So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
Genesis 13:10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it [was] well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, [even] as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.
Isaiah 51:3 For the LORD shall comfort Zion: he will comfort all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.
Joel 2:3 A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth: the land [is] as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them.
Revelation 2:7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.

every:

Ezekiel 27:16 Syria [was] thy merchant by reason of the multitude of the wares of thy making: they occupied in thy fairs with emeralds, purple, and broidered work, and fine linen, and coral, and agate.
Ezekiel 27:22 The merchants of Sheba and Raamah, they [were] thy merchants: they occupied in thy fairs with chief of all spices, and with all precious stones, and gold.
Genesis 2:11-12 The name of the first [is] Pison: that [is] it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where [there is] gold; ... And the gold of that land [is] good: there [is] bdellium and the onyx stone.
Exodus 28:17-20 And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, [even] four rows of stones: [the first] row [shall be] a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: [this shall be] the first row. ... And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings.
Exodus 39:10-21 And they set in it four rows of stones: [the first] row [was] a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this [was] the first row. ... And they did bind the breastplate by his rings unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Isaiah 54:11-12 O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, [and] not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires. ... And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones.
Revelation 17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication:
Revelation 21:19-20 And the foundations of the wall of the city [were] garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation [was] jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald; ... The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.

sardius:
or, ruby

beryl:
or, chrysolite

emerald:
or, chrysoprase. the workmanship.
Ezekiel 26:13 And I will cause the noise of thy songs to cease; and the sound of thy harps shall be no more heard.
Isaiah 14:11 Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, [and] the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.
Isaiah 23:16 Take an harp, go about the city, thou harlot that hast been forgotten; make sweet melody, sing many songs, that thou mayest be remembered.
Isaiah 30:32 And [in] every place where the grounded staff shall pass, which the LORD shall lay upon him, [it] shall be with tabrets and harps: and in battles of shaking will he fight with it.

thou wast:

Ezekiel 28:15 Thou [wast] perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.
Ezekiel 21:30 Shall I cause [it] to return into his sheath? I will judge thee in the place where thou wast created, in the land of thy nativity.
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Gn 2:8, 11; 3:23; 13:10. Ex 28:17; 39:10. Is 14:11; 23:16; 30:32; 51:3; 54:11. Ezk 21:30; 26:13; 27:16, 22; 28:15; 31:8; 36:35. Jol 2:3. Rv 2:7; 17:4; 21:19.

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