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Ezekiel 27:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The men of Dedan were thy traffickers; many isles were the mart of thy hand: they brought thee in exchange horns of ivory and ebony.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The men of Dedan [were] thy merchants; many isles [were] the merchandise of thine hand: they brought thee [for] a present horns of ivory and ebony.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The sons of Dedan were your traders. Many coastlands were your market; ivory tusks and ebony they brought as your payment.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The men of Dedan [were] thy merchants; many isles [were] the merchandise of thy hand: they brought thee [for] a present horns of ivory and ebony.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The children of Dedan were thy traffickers; many isles were the mart of thy hand: they rendered in payment horns of ivory, and ebony.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The sons of Dedan, were merchants of thine, Many isles, took the merchandise of thy hand,—Horns of ivory and ebony, gave they back to thee, in exchange:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Sons of Dedan [are] thy merchants, Many isles [are] the mart of thy hand, Horns of ivory and ebony they sent back thy reward.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The men of Dedan were thy merchants: many islands were the traffic of thy hand, they exchanged for thy price teeth of ivory and ebony.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The men of Dedan [were] thy merchants, many Iles [were] the merchandise of thine hand: they brought thee for a present, hornes of Iuorie, and Ebenie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The sons of the Rhodians were thy merchants; from the islands they multiplied thy merchandise, [even] elephants' teeth: and to them that came in thou didst return thy prices,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The men of Dedan [were] thy merchants; many isles [were] the merchandise of thine hand: they brought thee [for] a present horns of ivory and ebony.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The men 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Dn דְּדָן 1719
{1719} Prime
דְּדָן
D@dan
{ded-awn'}
Of uncertain derivation; Dedan, the name of two Cushites and of their territory. The second form used in Ezekiel 25:13.
[were] thy merchants; 7402
{7402} Prime
רָכַל
rakal
{raw-kal'}
A primitive root; to travel for trading.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
many 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
isles 339
{0339} Prime
אִי
'iy
{ee}
From H0183; properly a habitable spot (as desirable); dry land, a coast, an island.
[were] the merchandise 5506
{5506} Prime
סְחוֹרָה
c@chorah
{sekh-o-raw'}
From H5503; traffic.
of thine hand: 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
they brought 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
thee [for] a present 814
{0814} Prime
אֶשְׁכָּר
'eshkar
{esh-cawr'}
For H7939; a gratuity.
horns 7161
{7161} Prime
קֶרֶן
qeren
{keh'-ren}
From H7160; a horn (as projecting); by implication a flask, cornet; by resemblance an elephant's tooth (that is, ivory), a corner (of the altar), a peak (of a mountain), a ray (of light); figuratively power.
of ivory 8127
{8127} Prime
שֵׁן
shen
{shane}
From H8150; a tooth (as sharp); specifically (for H8143) ivory; figuratively a cliff.
and ebony. 1894
{1894} Prime
הֹבְן
hoben
{ho'-ben}
Only in plural, from an unused root meaning to be hard; ebony.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 27:15

_ _ Dedan — near the Persian Sea: thus an avenue to the commerce of India. Not the Dedan in Arabia (Ezekiel 27:20), as the names in the context here prove, but the Dedan sprung from Cush [Bochart], (Genesis 10:7).

_ _ merchandise of thine hand — that is, were dependent on thee for trade [Fairbairn]; came to buy the produce of thy hands [Grotius].

_ _ a present — literally, “a reward in return”; a price paid for merchandise.

_ _ horns of ivory — Ivory is so termed from its resemblance to horns. The Hebrew word for “ivory” means “tooth”; so that they cannot have mistaken ivory as if coming from the horns of certain animals, instead of from the tusks of the elephant.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 27:1-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 27:15

Isles — In the Indian seas, and in the Red — sea traded with thee. Horns — Elk's horns, or wild goats. Ebony — Is a very solid, heavy, shining, black wood, fit for many choice works.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 27:15

The men of Dedan [were] thy merchants; many isles [were] the merchandise of thy hand: they brought thee [for] a present (i) horns of ivory and ebony.

(i) Meaning, unicorn's horns and elephant's teeth.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Dedan:

Ezekiel 27:20 Dedan [was] thy merchant in precious clothes for chariots.
Genesis 10:7 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.
Genesis 25:3 And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and Leummim.
1 Chronicles 1:9 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raamah, and Sabtecha. And the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.
1 Chronicles 1:32 Now the sons of Keturah, Abraham's concubine: she bare Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. And the sons of Jokshan; Sheba, and Dedan.
Jeremiah 25:23 Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all [that are] in the utmost corners,
Jeremiah 49:8 Flee ye, turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time [that] I will visit him.

of ivory:

1 Kings 10:22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
Revelation 18:12 The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:7; 25:3. 1K 10:22. 1Ch 1:9, 32. Jr 25:23; 49:8. Ezk 27:20. Rv 18:12.

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