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Ezekiel 27:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy traffickers; they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass for thy merchandise.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they [were] thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Javan, Tubal and Meshech, they were your traders; with the lives of men and vessels of bronze they paid for your merchandise.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they [were] thy merchants: they traded in the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were thy traffickers: they bartered with thee the persons of men, and vessels of bronze.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Javan, Tubal and Meshech, They, were merchants of thine,—With the persons of men, and vessels of bronze, Shared they in thy barter:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Javan, Tubal, and Meshech—they [are] thy merchants, For persons of men, and vessels of brass, They have given out thy merchandise.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Greece, Thubal, and Mosoch, they were thy merchants, they brought to thy people slaves and vessels of brass.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Iauan, Tubal and Meshech, they [were] thy merchants: they traded the persons of men, and vessels of brasse in thy market.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Greece, both the whole [world], and the adjacent coasts, these traded with thee in the persons of men, and they gave [as] thy merchandise vessels of brass.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yawan, Tuval, and Meshekh, they [were] thy merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ywn יָוָן, 3120
{3120} Prime
יָוָן
Yavan
{yaw-vawn'}
Probably from the same as H3196; effervescing (that is, hot and active); Javan, the name of a son of Joktan, and of the race (Ionians, that is, Greeks) descended from him, with their territory; also of a place in Arabia.
Tval תּוּבַל, 8422
{8422} Prime
תּוּבַל
Tuwbal
{too-bal'}
Probably of foreign derivation; Tubal, a postdiluvian patriarch and his posterity.
and Mee מֶשֶׁך, 4902
{4902} Prime
מֶשֶׁךְ
Meshek
{meh'-shek}
The same in form as H4901, but probably of foreign derivation; Meshek, a son of Japheth, and the people descendant from him.
they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
[were] thy merchants: 7402
{7402} Prime
רָכַל
rakal
{raw-kal'}
A primitive root; to travel for trading.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
they traded 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the persons 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
of men 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
and vessels 3627
{3627} Prime
כְּלִי
k@liy
{kel-ee'}
From H3615; something prepared, that is, any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon).
of brass 5178
{5178} Prime
נְחֹשֶׁת
n@chosheth
{nekh-o'-sheth}
For H5154; copper; hence, something made of that metal, that is, coin, a fetter; figuratively base (as compared with gold or silver).
in thy market. 4627
{4627} Prime
מַעֲרָב
ma`arab
{mah-ar-awb'}
From H6148, in the sense of trading; traffic; by implication mercantile goods.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 27:13

_ _ Javan — the Ionians or Greeks: for the Ionians of Asia Minor were the first Greeks with whom the Asiatics came in contact.

_ _ Tubal ... Meshech — the Tibareni and Moschi, in the mountain region between the Black and Caspian Seas.

_ _ persons of men — that is, as slaves. So the Turkish harems are supplied with female slaves from Circassia and Georgia.

_ _ vessels — all kinds of articles. Superior weapons are still manufactured in the Caucasus region.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 27:1-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 27:13

Javan — The Grecians, particularly the Ionians. Tubal — The Asiatic Iberians, and the Albanians toward the Caspian sea. Meshech — The Cappadocians. They traded — Brought men to sell for slaves.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 27:13

(f) Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they [were] thy merchants: they traded (g) in the persons of men and vessels of brass in thy market.

(f) Of Greece, Italy and Cappadocia.

(g) By selling slaves.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Javan:

Genesis 10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
Genesis 10:4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.
1 Chronicles 1:5 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
1 Chronicles 1:7 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.
Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, [to] Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, [to] Tubal, and Javan, [to] the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.
Daniel 8:21 And the rough goat [is] the king of Grecia: and the great horn that [is] between his eyes [is] the first king.
Daniel 10:20 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come.
Daniel 11:2 And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than [they] all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia.

Tubal:

Ezekiel 32:26 There [is] Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves [are] round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.
Ezekiel 38:2-3 Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him, ... And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:
Ezekiel 39:1 Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:
Genesis 10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
1 Chronicles 1:5 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

the persons:

Joel 3:3 And they have cast lots for my people; and have given a boy for an harlot, and sold a girl for wine, that they might drink.
Revelation 18:13 And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.

market:
or, merchandise
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:2, 4. 1Ch 1:5, 7. Is 66:19. Ezk 32:26; 38:2; 39:1. Dn 8:21; 10:20; 11:2. Jol 3:3. Rv 18:13.

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