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Ezekiel 27:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The men of Arvad with thine army were upon thy walls round about, and valorous men were in thy towers; they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have perfected thy beauty.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The men of Arvad with thine army [were] upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadims were in thy towers: they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have made thy beauty perfect.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The sons of Arvad and your army were on your walls, [all] around, and the Gammadim were in your towers. They hung their shields on your walls [all] around; they perfected your beauty.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The men of Arvad with thy army [were] upon thy walls on all sides, and the Gammadims were in thy towers: they hung their shields upon thy walls on every side; they have made thy beauty perfect.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The children of Arvad with thine army were upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadim were on thy towers: they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they made thy beauty perfect.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The sons of Arvad, with thine army, were upon thy walls, round about, And, valorous, in thy towers,—Their shields, hung they up on thy walls, round about, They, perfected thy beauty:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The sons of Arvad, and thy force, [Are] on thy walls round about, And short swordsmen in thy towers have been, Their shields they have hung up on thy walls round about, They—they have perfected thy beauty.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The men of Arad were with thy army upon thy walls round about: the Pygmeans also that were in thy towers, hung up their quivers on thy walls round about: they perfected thy beauty.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The men of Aruad with thine armie [were] vpon thy wals round about, and the Gammadims were in thy towres: they hanged their shields vpon thy wals round about: they haue made thy beautie perfect.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The sons of the Aradians and thine army were upon the walls; there were guards in thy towers: they hung their quivers on thy battlements round about; these completed thy beauty.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The men of Arwad with thine army [were] upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadim were in thy towers: they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have made thy beauty perfect.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The men 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Arwa אַרוַד 719
{0719} Prime
אַרְוַד
'Arvad
{ar-vad'}
Probably from H7300; a refuge for the roving; Arvad, an island city of Palestine.
with thine army 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
[were] upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thy walls 2346
{2346} Prime
חוֹמָה
chowmah
{kho-maw'}
Feminine active participle of an unused root apparently meaning to join; a wall of protection.
round about, 5439
{5439} Prime
סָבִיב
cabiyb
{saw-beeb'}
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
and the Gammm גַּמָּדִים 1575
{1575} Prime
גַּמָּד
gammad
{gam-mawd'}
From the same as H1574; a warrior (as grasping weapons).
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in thy towers: 4026
{4026} Prime
מִגְדָּל
migdal
{mig-dawl'}
From H1431; a tower (from its size or height); by analogy a rostrum; figuratively a (pyramidal) bed of flowers.
they hanged 8518
{8518} Prime
תָּלָה
talah
{taw-law'}
A primitive root; to suspend (especially to gibbet).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
their shields 7982
{7982} Prime
שֶׁלֶט
shelet
{sheh'-let}
From H7980; probably a shield (as controlling, that is, protecting the person).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thy walls 2346
{2346} Prime
חוֹמָה
chowmah
{kho-maw'}
Feminine active participle of an unused root apparently meaning to join; a wall of protection.
round about; 5439
{5439} Prime
סָבִיב
cabiyb
{saw-beeb'}
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
have made y3634
[3634] Standard
כָּלַל
kalal
{kaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to complete.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
thy beauty y3308
[3308] Standard
יֳפִי
yophiy
{yof-ee'}
From H3302; beauty.
perfect. 3634
{3634} Prime
כָּלַל
kalal
{kaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to complete.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x3308
(3308) Complement
יֳפִי
yophiy
{yof-ee'}
From H3302; beauty.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 27:11

_ _ Gammadims — rather, as the Tyrians were Syro-Phoenicians, from a Syriac root, meaning daring, “men of daring” [Ludovicus De Dieu]. It is not likely the keeping of watch “in the towers” would have been entrusted to foreigners. Others take it from a Hebrew root, “a dagger,” or short sword (Judges 3:16), “short-swordsmen.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 27:1-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 27:11

With — Mixed with other hired soldiers. The Gammadim — Probably men of Gammade, a town of Phoenicia.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 27:11

The men of Arvad with thy army [were] upon thy walls on all sides, and the (e) Gammadims were in thy towers: they hung their shields upon thy walls on every side; they have made thy beauty perfect.

(e) That is they of Cappadocia, or pygmies and dwarfs which were called because from the high towers they seemed little.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
of Arvad:

Ezekiel 27:8 The inhabitants of Zidon and Arvad were thy mariners: thy wise [men], O Tyrus, [that] were in thee, were thy pilots.

they have:

Ezekiel 27:3-4 And say unto Tyrus, O thou that art situate at the entry of the sea, [which art] a merchant of the people for many isles, Thus saith the Lord GOD; O Tyrus, thou hast said, I [am] of perfect beauty. ... Thy borders [are] in the midst of the seas, thy builders have perfected thy beauty.
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Ezk 27:3, 8.

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