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Ezekiel 27:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Persia and Lud and Put were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Persia and Lud and Put were in your army, your men of war. They hung shield and helmet in you; they set forth your splendor.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They of Persia and of Lud and of Phut were in thy army, thy military men: they hung the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Persia and Lud and Phut were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged shield and helmet in thee; they gave splendour to thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They of Persia and Lud and Phut, were in thine army, Thy men of war,—Shield and helmet, hung they up within thee, They, set forth thy splendour:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Persian and Lud and Phut Have been in thy forces—thy men of war. Shield and helmet they hung up in thee, They—they have given out thine honour.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The Persians, and Lydians, and the Libyans were thy soldiers in thy army: they hung up the buckler and the helmet in thee for thy ornament.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They of Persia, and of Lud, and of Phut were in thine army, thy men of warre: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee: they set forth thy comelines.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Persians and Lydians and Libyans were in thine army: thy warriors hung in thee shields and helmets; these gave [thee] thy glory.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They of Paras and of Lud and of Put were in thine army, thy men of war: they hanged the shield and helmet in thee; they set forth thy comeliness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They of Pras פָּרַס 6539
{6539} Prime
פָּרַס
Parac
{paw-ras'}
Of foreign origin; Paras (that is, Persia), an Eastern country, including its inhabitants.
and of L לוּד 3865
{3865} Prime
לוּד
Luwd
{lood}
Probably of foreign derivation; Lud, the name of two nations.
and of P+ פּוּט 6316
{6316} Prime
פּוּט
Puwt
{poot}
Of foreign origin; Put, a son of Ham, also the name of his descendants or thier region, and of a Persian tribe.
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in thine army, 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
thy men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of war: 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
they hanged 8518
{8518} Prime
תָּלָה
talah
{taw-law'}
A primitive root; to suspend (especially to gibbet).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the shield 4043
{4043} Prime
מָגֵן
magen
{maw-gane'}
From H1598; a shield (that is, the small one or buckler); figuratively a protector; also the scaly hide of the crocodile.
and helmet 3553
{3553} Prime
כּוֹבַע
kowba`
{ko'-bah}
From an unused root meaning to be high or rounded; a helmet (as arched).
in thee; they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
set forth 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thy comeliness. 1926
{1926} Prime
הָדָר
hadar
{haw-dawr'}
From H1921; magnificence, that is, ornament or splendor.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 27:10

_ _ Persia ... Phut — warriors from the extreme east and west.

_ _ Lud — the Lydians of Asia Minor, near the Meander, famed for archery (Isaiah 66:19); rather than those of Ethiopia, as the Lydians of Asia Minor form a kind of intermediate step between Persia and Phut (the Libyans about Cyrene, shielded warriors, Jeremiah 46:9, descended from Phut, son of Ham).

_ _ hanged ... shield ... comeliness — Warriors hanged their accoutrements on the walls for ornament. Divested of the metaphor, it means that it was an honor to thee to have so many nations supplying thee with hired soldiers.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 27:1-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 27:10

Lud — Lydians, not those Cresus was king over, but those that dwelt in Egypt about the lake Maraeolis. Phut — Lybians, a people of Africa; these were their hired soldiers. Hanged the shield — In time of peace. They set forth — These stout, expert, well armed guards, were an honour to thee.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Persia:

Ezekiel 38:5 Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:
Daniel 5:28 PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians.

of Lud:

Ezekiel 30:5 Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword.
Genesis 10:6 And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
Genesis 10:13 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
Genesis 10:22 The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
1 Chronicles 1:8 The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.
1 Chronicles 1:11 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
1 Chronicles 1:17 The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.
Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, [to] Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, [to] Tubal, and Javan, [to] the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.
Jeremiah 46:9 Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle [and] bend the bow.
Nahum 3:9 Ethiopia and Egypt [were] her strength, and [it was] infinite; Put and Lubim were thy helpers.

they hanged:

Ezekiel 27:11 The men of Arvad with thine army [were] upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadims were in thy towers: they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have made thy beauty perfect.
Song of Songs 4:4 Thy neck [is] like the tower of David builded for an armoury, whereon there hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mighty men.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:6, 13, 22. 1Ch 1:8, 11, 17. So 4:4. Is 66:19. Jr 46:9. Ezk 27:11; 30:5; 38:5. Dn 5:28. Na 3:9.

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