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Ezekiel 26:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first [day] of the month, that the word of Jehovah came unto me, saying,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first [day] of the month, [that] the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now in the eleventh year, on the first of the month, the word of the LORD came to me saying,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first [day] of the month, [that] the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it came to pass in the eleventh year, on the first of the month, [that] the word of Jehovah came unto me, saying,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it came to pass, in the eleventh year, on the first of the month, that the word of Yahweh came unto me, saying:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And it cometh to pass, in the eleventh year, in the first of the month, there hath been a word of Jehovah unto me, saying: 'Son of man,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And it came to pass in the eleventh year, the first day of the month, that the word of the Lord came to me, saying:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And it came to passe in the eleuenth yeere, in the first [day] of the moneth, [that] the word of the LORD came vnto me, saying,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And it came to pass in the eleventh year, on the first [day] of the month, [that] the word of the Lord came to me, saying,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first [day] of the month, [that] the word of Yahweh came unto me, saying,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And it came to pass x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in the eleventh 6249
{6249} Prime
Apparently masculine plural construction of H6247 in the sense of an after thought; (used only in connection with H6240 in lieu of H0259) eleven or (ordinal) eleventh.
{6240} Prime
For H6235; ten (only in combination), that is, the 'teens'; also (ordinal) a 'teenth'.
year, 8141
{8141} Prime
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
in the first 259
{0259} Prime
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
[day] of the month, 2320
{2320} Prime
From H2318; the new moon; by implication a month.
[that] the word 1697
{1697} Prime
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
came x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
unto x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me, saying, 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 26:1

_ _ Ezekiel 26:1-21. The judgment on Tyre through Nebuchadnezzar (twenty-sixth through twenty-eighth chapters).

_ _ In the twenty-sixth chapter, Ezekiel sets forth: —

(1)_ _ Tyre’s sin;
(2)_ _ its doom;
(3)_ _ the instruments executing it;
(4)_ _ the effects produced on other nations by her downfall. In the twenty-seventh chapter, a lamentation over the fall of such earthly splendor.

_ _ In the twenty-eighth chapter, an elegy addressed to the king, on the humiliation of his sacrilegious pride. Ezekiel, in his prophecies as to the heathen, exhibits the dark side only; because he views them simply in their hostility to the people of God, who shall outlive them all. Isaiah (Isaiah 23:1-18), on the other hand, at the close of judgments, holds out the prospect of blessing, when Tyre should turn to the Lord.

_ _ The specification of the date, which had been omitted in the case of the four preceding objects of judgment, marks the greater weight attached to the fall of Tyre.

_ _ eleventh year — namely, after the carrying away of Jehoiachin, the year of the fall of Jerusalem. The number of the month is, however, omitted, and the day only given. As the month of the taking of Jerusalem was regarded as one of particular note, namely, the fourth month, also the fifth, on which it was actually destroyed (Jeremiah 52:6, Jeremiah 52:12, Jeremiah 52:13), Rabbi David reasonably supposes that Tyre uttered her taunt at the close of the fourth month, as her nearness to Jerusalem enabled her to hear of its fall very soon, and that Ezekiel met it with his threat against herself on “the first day” of the fifth month.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Ezekiel 26:1-14

_ _ This prophecy is dated in the eleventh year, which was the year that Jerusalem was taken, and in the first day of the month, but it is not said what month, some think the month in which Jerusalem was taken, which was the fourth month, others the month after; or perhaps it was the first month, and so it was the first day of the year. Observe here,

_ _ I. The pleasure with which the Tyrians looked upon the ruins of Jerusalem. Ezekiel was a great way off, in Babylon, but God told him what Tyrus said against Jerusalem (Ezekiel 26:2): “Aha! she is broken, broken to pieces, that was the gates of the people, to whom there was a great resort and where there was a general rendezvous of all nations, some upon one account and some upon another, and I shall get by it; all the wealth, power, and interest, which Jerusalem had, it is hoped, shall be turned to Tyre, and so now that she is laid waste I shall be replenished.” We do not find that the Tyrians had such a hatred and enmity to Jerusalem and the sanctuary as the Ammonites and Edomites had, or were so spiteful and mischievous to the Jews. They were men of business, and of large acquaintance and free conversation, and therefore were not so bigoted, and of such a persecuting spirit, as the narrow souls that lived retired and knew not the world. All their care was to get estates, and enlarge their trade, and they looked upon Jerusalem not as an enemy, but as a rival. Hiram, king of Tyre, was a good friend to David and Solomon, and we do not read of any quarrels the Jews had with the Tyrians; but Tyre promised herself that the fall of Jerusalem would be an advantage to her in respect of trade a commerce, that now she shall have Jerusalem's customers, and the great men from all parts that used to come to Jerusalem for the accomplishing of themselves, and to spend their estates there, will now come to Tyre and spend them there; and whereas many, since the Chaldean army became so formidable in those parts, had retired into Jerusalem, and brought their estates thither for safety, as the Rechabites did, now they will come to Tyre, which, being in a manner surrounded with the sea, will be thought a place of greater strength than Jerusalem, and thus the prosperity of Tyre will rise out of the ruins of Jerusalem. Note, To be secretly pleased with the death or decay of others, when we are likely to get by it, with their fall when we may thrive upon it, is a sin that does most easily beset us, but is not thought to be such a bad thing, and so provoking to God, as really it is. We are apt to say, when those who stand in our light, in our way, are removed, when they break of fall into disgrace, “We shall be replenished now that they are laid waste.” But this comes from a selfish covetous principle, and a desire to be placed alone in the midst of the earth, as if we grudged that any should live by us. This comes from a want of that love to our neighbour as to ourselves which the law of God so expressly requires, and from that inordinate love of the world as our happiness which the love of God so expressly forbids. And it is just with God to blast the designs and projects of those who thus contrive to raise themselves upon the ruins of others; and we see they are often disappointed.

_ _ II. The displeasure of God against them for it. The providence of God had done well for Tyrus. Tyrus was a pleasant and wealthy city, and might have continued so if she had, as she ought to have done, sympathized with Jerusalem in her calamities and sent her an address of condolence; but when, instead of that, she showed herself pleased with her neighbour's fall, and perhaps sent an address of congratulation to the conquerors, then God says, Behold, I am against thee, O Tyrus! Ezekiel 26:3. And let her not expect to prosper long if God be against her.

_ _ 1. God will bring formidable enemies upon her: Many nations shall come against thee, an army made up of many nations, or one nation that shall be as strong as many. Those that have God against them may expect all the creatures against them; for what peace can those have with whom God is at war? They shall come pouring in as the waves of the sea, one upon the neck of another, with an irresistible force. The person is named that shall bring this army upon them — Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, that had many kings tributaries to him and dependents on him, besides those that were his captives, Song 2:37, 38. He is that head of gold. He shall come with a vast army, horses and chariots, etc., all land-forces. We do not find that he had any naval force, or any thing wherewith he might attack it by sea, which made the attempt the more difficult, as we find Ezekiel 29:18, where it is called a great service which he served against Tyrus. He shall besiege it in form (Ezekiel 26:8), make a fort, and cast a mount, and (Ezekiel 26:9) shall set engines of war against the walls. His troops shall be so numerous as to raise a dust that shall cover the city, Ezekiel 26:10. They shall make a noise that shall even shake the walls; and they shall shout at every attack, as soldiers do when they enter a city that is broken up; the horses shall prance with so much fury and violence that they shall even tread down the streets though so ever well paved.

_ _ 2. They shall do terrible execution. (1.) The enemy shall make themselves masters of all their fortifications, shall destroy the walls and break down the towers, Ezekiel 26:4. For what walls are so strongly built as to be a fence against the judgments of God? Her strong garrisons shall go down to the ground, Ezekiel 26:11. And the walls shall be broken down, Ezekiel 26:12. The city held out a long siege, but it was taken at last. (2.) A great deal of blood shall be shed: Her daughters who are in the field, the cities upon the continent, which were subject to Tyre as the mother-city, the inhabitants of them shall be slain by the sword, Ezekiel 26:6. The invaders begin with those that come first in their way. And (Ezekiel 26:11) he shall slay thy people with the sword; not only the soldiers that are found in arms, but the burghers, shall be put to the sword, the king of Babylon being highly incensed against them for holding out so long. (3.) The wealth of the city shall all become a spoil to the conqueror (Ezekiel 26:12): They shall make a prey of the merchandise. It was in hope of the plunder that the city was set upon with so much vigour. See the vanity of riches, that they are kept for the owners to their hurt; they entice and recompense thieves, and not only cease to benefit those who took pains for them and were duly entitled to them, but are made to serve their enemies, who are thereby put into a capacity of doing them so much the more mischief. (4.) The city itself shall be laid in ruins. All the pleasant houses shall be destroyed (Ezekiel 26:12), such as were pleasantly situated, beautified, and furnished, shall become a heap of rubbish. Let none please themselves too much in their pleasant houses, for they know not how soon they may see the desolation of them. Tyre shall be utterly ruined; the enemy shall not only pull down the houses, but shall carry away the stones and the timber, and shall lay them in the midst of the water, not to be recovered, or ever made use of again. Nay (Ezekiel 26:4), I will scrape her dust from her; not only shall the loose dust be blown away, but the very ground it stands upon shall be torn up by the enraged enemy, carried off, and laid in the midst of the water, Ezekiel 26:12. The foundation is in the dust; that dust shall be all taken away, and then the city must fall of course. When Jerusalem was destroyed it was ploughed like a field, Micah 3:12. But the destruction of Tyre is carried further than that; the very soil of it shall be scraped away, and it shall be made like the top of a rock (Ezekiel 26:4, Ezekiel 26:14), pure rock that has no earth to cover it; it shall only be a place for the spreading of nets (Ezekiel 26:5, Ezekiel 26:14); it shall serve fishermen to dry their nets upon and mend them. (5.) There shall be a full period to all its mirth and joy (Ezekiel 26:13): I will cause the noise of thy songs to cease. Tyre had been a joyous city (Isaiah 23:7).; with her songs she had courted customers to deal with her in a way of trade. But now farewell all her profitable commerce and pleasant conversation; Tyre is no more a place either of business or of sport. Lastly, It shall be built no more (Ezekiel 26:14), not built any more as it had been, with such state and magnificence, nor built any more in the same place, within the sea, nor built any where for a long time; the present inhabitants shall be destroyed or dispersed, so that this Tyre shall be no more. For God has spoken it (Ezekiel 26:5, Ezekiel 26:14); and when what he has said is accomplished they shall know thereby that he is the Lord, and not a man that he should lie nor the son of man that he should repent.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 26:1

In the eleventh year — Of Jechoniah's captivity, the year wherein Jerusalem was taken. The month — That month which followed the taking of Jerusalem.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 26:1

And it came to pass in the (a) eleventh year, in the first [day] of the month, [that] the word of the LORD came to me, saying,

(a) Either of the captivity of Jeconiah or of the reign of Zedekiah.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Ezekiel 1:2 In the fifth [day] of the month, which [was] the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity,
Ezekiel 8:1 And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth [month], in the fifth [day] of the month, [as] I sat in mine house, and the elders of Judah sat before me, that the hand of the Lord GOD fell there upon me.
Ezekiel 20:1 And it came to pass in the seventh year, in the fifth [month], the tenth [day] of the month, [that] certain of the elders of Israel came to enquire of the LORD, and sat before me.
Jeremiah 39:2 [And] in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, the ninth [day] of the month, the city was broken up.
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Jr 39:2. Ezk 1:2; 8:1; 20:1.

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