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Ezekiel 23:42 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the voice of a multitude being at ease was with her: and with men of the common sort were brought drunkards from the wilderness; and they put bracelets upon the hands of them [twain], and beautiful crowns upon their heads.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And a voice of a multitude being at ease [was] with her: and with the men of the common sort [were] brought Sabeans from the wilderness, which put bracelets upon their hands, and beautiful crowns upon their heads.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The sound of a carefree multitude was with her; and drunkards were brought from the wilderness with men of the common sort. And they put bracelets on the hands of the women and beautiful crowns on their heads.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And a voice of a multitude being at ease [was] with her: and with the men of the common sort [were] brought Sabeans from the wilderness, who put bracelets upon their hands, and beautiful crowns upon their heads.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the voice of a multitude living carelessly was with her; and with people of the common sort were brought Sabeans from the wilderness, and they put bracelets upon their hands, and a beautiful crown upon their heads.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The noise of careless throng also, was with her, And, besides men out of the mass of mankind, there were brought in drunkards, out of the desert; And they put bracelets upon the hands of both women, And crowns of adorning upon their heads.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the voice of a multitude at ease [is] with her, And unto men of the common people are brought in Sabeans from the wilderness, And they put bracelets on their hands, And a beauteous crown on their heads.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And there was in her the voice of a multitude rejoicing: and to some that were brought of the multitude of men, and that came from the desert, they put bracelets on their hands, and beautiful crowns on their heads.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And a voice of a multitude being at ease [was] with her, and with the men of the common sort were brought Sabeans from the wildernesse, which put bracelets vpon their hands, and beautifull crownes vpon their heads.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and they raised a sound of music, and [that] with men coming from the wilderness out of a multitude of men, and they put bracelets on their hands, and a crown of glory on their heads;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And a voice of a multitude being at ease [was] with her: and with the men of the common sort [were] brought Sevaim from the wilderness, which put bracelets upon their hands, and beautiful crowns upon their heads.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And a voice 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
of a multitude 1995
{1995} Prime
הָמוֹן
hamown
{haw-mone'}
From H1993; a noise, tumult, crowd; also disquietude, wealth.
being at ease 7961
{7961} Prime
שָׁלֵו
shalev
{shaw-lave'}
From H7951; tranquil; (in a bad sense) careless; abstractly security.
[was] with her: and with x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of the common sort 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
[were] brought 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8716
<8716> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 113
Svm סְבָאִים 5436
{5436} Prime
סְבָאִי
C@ba'iy
{seb-aw-ee'}
Patrial from H5434; a Sebaite, or inhabitant of Seba.
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
y5433
[5433] Standard
סָבָא
caba'
{saw-baw'}
A primitive root; to quaff to satiety, that is, become tipsy.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
from the wilderness, 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
which put 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
bracelets 6781
{6781} Prime
צָמִיד
tsamiyd
{tsaw-meed'}
From H6775; a bracelet or arm clasp; generally a lid.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
their hands, 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
and beautiful 8597
{8597} Prime
תִּפְאָרָה
tiph'arah
{tif-aw-raw'}
From H6286; ornament (abstractly or concretely, literally or figuratively).
crowns 5850
{5850} Prime
עֲטָרָה
`atarah
{at-aw-raw'}
From H5849; a crown.
upon x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
their heads. 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 23:36-44.


Ezekiel 23:42

_ _ Sabeans — Not content with the princely, handsome Assyrians, the sisters brought to themselves the rude robber hordes of Sabeans (Job 1:15). The Keri, or Margin, reads “drunkards.”

_ _ upon their hands — upon the hands of the sisters, that is, they allured Samaria and Judah to worship their gods.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 23:36-49.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 23:42

A voice — A shout for joy, that there was a treaty of peace between the Jews, and the Chaldeans.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 23:42

And a voice of a multitude being at ease [was] with her: and with the men of the common sort [were] brought (r) Sabeans from the wilderness, who put bracelets upon their hands, and beautiful crowns upon their heads.

(r) Who would teach the manner of worshipping their gods.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a voice:
This seems to be an account of an idolatrous festival, perhaps that of Bacchus; in which a riotous and drunken multitude assembled, adorned with bracelets and chaplets, accompanied with music, songs, and dances.
Exodus 32:6 And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.
Exodus 32:18-19 And he said, [It is] not the voice of [them that] shout for mastery, neither [is it] the voice of [them that] cry for being overcome: [but] the noise of [them that] sing do I hear. ... And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.
Hosea 13:6 According to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their heart was exalted; therefore have they forgotten me.
Amos 6:1-6 Woe to them [that are] at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of Samaria, [which are] named chief of the nations, to whom the house of Israel came! ... That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments: but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph.

common sort:
Heb. multitude of men

were brought:

Job 1:15 And the Sabeans fell [upon them], and took them away; yea, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
Joel 3:8 And I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hand of the children of Judah, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, to a people far off: for the LORD hath spoken [it].

Sabeans:
or, drunkards

bracelets:

Ezekiel 16:11-12 I decked thee also with ornaments, and I put bracelets upon thy hands, and a chain on thy neck. ... And I put a jewel on thy forehead, and earrings in thine ears, and a beautiful crown upon thine head.
Revelation 12:3 And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads.
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Ex 32:6, 18. Jb 1:15. Ezk 16:11. Ho 13:6. Jol 3:8. Am 6:1. Rv 12:3.

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