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Ezekiel 23:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the names of them were Oholah the elder, and Oholibah her sister: and they became mine, and they bare sons and daughters. And as for their names, Samaria is Oholah, and Jerusalem Oholibah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the names of them [were] Aholah the elder, and Aholibah her sister: and they were mine, and they bare sons and daughters. Thus [were] their names; Samaria [is] Aholah, and Jerusalem Aholibah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Their names were Oholah the elder and Oholibah her sister. And they became Mine, and they bore sons and daughters. And [as for] their names, Samaria is Oholah and Jerusalem is Oholibah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the names of them [were] Aholah the elder, and Aholibah her sister: and they were mine, and they bore sons and daughters. Thus [were] their names; Samaria [is] Aholah, and Jerusalem Aholibah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And their names were Oholah the elder, and Oholibah her sister; and they were mine, and they bore sons and daughters. As for their names: Samaria is Oholah, and Jerusalem Oholibah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And their names were Oholah—the elder, And Oholibah—her sister, And they became mine, and bare sons and daughters,—And as for their names, Samaria, was Oholah, And, Jerusalem, was Oholibah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And their names [are] Aholah the elder, And Aholibah her sister, And they are Mine, and bear sons and daughters. As to their names—Samaria [is] Aholah, And Jerusalem [is] Aholibah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And their names were Oolla the elder, and Ooliba her younger sister: and I took them, and they bore sons and daughters. Now for their names, Samaria is Oolla, and Jerusalem is Ooliba.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the names of them [were] Aholah the elder, and Aholibah her sister: and they were mine, & they bare sonnes and daughters: thus [were] their names: Samaria [is] Aholah, and Ierusalem Aholibah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And their names were Aholah{gr.Oola} the elder, and Aholibah{gr.Ooliba} her sister: and they were mine, and bore sons and daughters: and [as for] their names, Samaria was Aholah{gr.Oola}, and Jerusalem was Aholibah{gr.Ooliba}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the names of them [were] Oholah the elder, and Oholivah her sister: and they were mine, and they bare sons and daughters. Thus [were] their names; Shomron [is] Oholah, and Yerushalaim Oholivah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the names 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
of them [were] Ohl אָהֳלָה 170
{0170} Prime
אָהֳלָה
'Oholah
{o-hol-aw'}
The first form is in form a feminine of H0168, but is in fact for the second form; from H0168; her tent (that is, idolatrous sanctuary); Oholah, a symbolic name for Samaria.
the elder, 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
and Ohlv אָהֳלִיבָה 172
{0172} Prime
אָהֳלִיבָה
'Oholiybah
{o''-hol-ee-baw'}
(As with H0170 the first form is in form a feminine of H0168, but is in fact for the second form); from H0168; my tent (is) in her; Oholibah, a symbolic name for Judah.
her sister: 269
{0269} Prime
אָחוֹת
'achowth
{aw-khoth'}
Irregular feminine of H0251; a sister (used very widely (like H0250), literally and figuratively).
and they were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
mine, and they bare 3205
{3205} Prime
יָלַד
yalad
{yaw-lad'}
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
and daughters. 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
Thus [were] their names; 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
mrn שֹׁמרוֹן 8111
{8111} Prime
שֹׁמְרוֹן
Shom@rown
{sho-mer-one'}
From the active participle of H8104; watch station; Shomeron, a place in Palestine.
[is] Ohl אָהֳלָה, 170
{0170} Prime
אָהֳלָה
'Oholah
{o-hol-aw'}
The first form is in form a feminine of H0168, but is in fact for the second form; from H0168; her tent (that is, idolatrous sanctuary); Oholah, a symbolic name for Samaria.
and Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם 3389
{3389} Prime
יְרוּשָׁלִַם
Y@ruwshalaim
{yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im}
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
Ohlv אָהֳלִיבָה. 172
{0172} Prime
אָהֳלִיבָה
'Oholiybah
{o''-hol-ee-baw'}
(As with H0170 the first form is in form a feminine of H0168, but is in fact for the second form); from H0168; my tent (is) in her; Oholibah, a symbolic name for Judah.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 23:4

_ _ Aholah — that is, “Her tent” (put for worship, as the first worship of God in Israel was in a tent or tabernacle), as contrasted with Aholibah, that is, “My tent in her.” The Beth-el worship of Samaria was of her own devising, not of God’s appointment; the temple-worship of Jerusalem was expressly appointed by Jehovah, who “dwelt” there, “setting up His tabernacle among the people as His” (Exodus 25:8; Leviticus 26:11, Leviticus 26:12; Joshua 22:19; Psalms 76:2).

_ _ the elder — Samaria is called “the elder” because she preceded Judah in her apostasy and its punishment.

_ _ they were mine — Previous to apostasy under Jeroboam, Samaria (Israel, or the ten tribes), equally with Judah, worshipped the true God. God therefore never renounced the right over Israel, but sent prophets, as Elijah and Elisha, to declare His will to them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 23:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 23:4

Aholah — That is, his own tabernacle; for Israel falling off from the house of David, fell off from the tabernacle, or temple of God; so that all the temple they had was of their own making. The elder — Greater for number of tribes, and for power, wealth, and for multitudes of people. Aholibah — That is, my tabernacle in her: the two tribes had the temple of God with them. Mine — By solemn marriage — covenant. Bare sons — Were fruitful and brought forth children to me; they increased in numbers of people; and among these, some there were that were children of God by faith, love, and obedience.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 23:4

And the names of (c) them [were] Aholah the elder, and Aholibah her sister: and they were mine, and they bore sons and daughters. Thus [were] their names; Samaria [is] Aholah, and Jerusalem Aholibah.

(c) Aholah signifies a mansion or dwelling in herself, meaning Samaria, which was the royal city of Israel and Aholibah signifies my mansion in her, by which is meant Jerusalem, where God's temple was.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the names:
The kingdom of Israel, of which Samaria was the capital, containing ten tribes, and occupying a larger extent of country than that of Judah, is therefore called "her elder sister;" and Aholah, the name given to her, implies that the whole religious establishment in Israel was a human invention, a temple and service of their own, and not of God's appointment. Aholibah, the name given to Judah, implies that the worship established there was from God, and that His temple was truly at Jerusalem.

the elder:

Ezekiel 16:40 They shall also bring up a company against thee, and they shall stone thee with stones, and thrust thee through with their swords.
1 Kings 12:20 And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only.

they were:

Ezekiel 16:8 Now when I passed by thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time [was] the time of love; and I spread my skirt over thee, and covered thy nakedness: yea, I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee, saith the Lord GOD, and thou becamest mine.
Ezekiel 16:20 Moreover thou hast taken thy sons and thy daughters, whom thou hast borne unto me, and these hast thou sacrificed unto them to be devoured. [Is this] of thy whoredoms a small matter,
Exodus 19:5-6 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth [is] mine: ... And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These [are] the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.
Psalms 45:11-16 So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he [is] thy Lord; and worship thou him. ... Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.
Jeremiah 2:2-3 Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land [that was] not sown. ... Israel [was] holiness unto the LORD, [and] the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.
Romans 7:4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, [even] to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.

Aholah:
that is, His tent, or tabernacle,
1 Kings 12:26-33 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: ... So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, [even] in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.
John 4:22 Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.

Aholibah:
that is, My tabernacle in her,
1 Kings 8:29 That thine eyes may be open toward this house night and day, [even] toward the place of which thou hast said, My name shall be there: that thou mayest hearken unto the prayer which thy servant shall make toward this place.
Psalms 76:2 In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion.
Psalms 132:13-14 For the LORD hath chosen Zion; he hath desired [it] for his habitation. ... This [is] my rest for ever: here will I dwell; for I have desired it.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 19:5. 1K 8:29; 12:20, 26. Ps 45:11; 76:2; 132:13. Jr 2:2. Ezk 16:8, 20, 40. Jn 4:22. Ro 7:4.

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