Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Ezekiel 23:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— the Babylonians and all the Chaldeans, Pekod and Shoa and Koa, [and] all the Assyrians with them; desirable young men, governors and rulers all of them, princes and men of renown, all of them riding upon horses.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The Babylonians, and all the Chaldeans, Pekod, and Shoa, and Koa, [and] all the Assyrians with them: all of them desirable young men, captains and rulers, great lords and renowned, all of them riding upon horses.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— the Babylonians and all the Chaldeans, Pekod and Shoa and Koa, [and] all the Assyrians with them; desirable young men, governors and officials all of them, officers and men of renown, all of them riding on horses.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The Babylonians, and all the Chaldeans, Pekod, and Shoa, and Koa, [and] all the Assyrians with them: all of them desirable young men, captains and rulers, great lords and renowned, all of them riding upon horses.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The children of Babylon, and all the Chaldeans, Pekod and Shoa and Koa, all the children of Asshur with them; all of them attractive young men, governors and rulers, great lords and renowned, all of them riding upon horses.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The sons of Babylon and all Chaldeans, Pekod and Shoa and Koa, All the sons of Assyria, with them,—Attractive young men, Governors and deputies, all, of them. Knights and men of renown, Riders on horses, all, of them;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Sons of Babylon, and of all Chaldea, Pekod, and Shoa, and Koa, All the sons of Asshur with them, Desirable young men, governors and prefects, All of them—rulers and proclaimed ones, Riding on horses, all of them.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The children of Babylon, and all the Chaldeans, the nobles, and the kings, and princes, all the sons of the Assyrians, beautiful young men, all the captains, and rulers, the princes of princes, and the renowned horsemen.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The Babylonians, and all the Caldeans, Pekod, and Shoah, and Koa, all the the Assyrians with them, all of them desireable young men, captaines and rulers, great lords and renowmed, all of them riding vpon horses.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— the children of Babylon, and all the Chaldeans, Phacuc, and Sue, and Hychue, and all the sons of the Assyrians with them; choice young men, governors and captains, all princes and renowned, riding on horses.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The Bavlim, and all the Kasdim, Peqod, and Shoa, and Qoa, [and] all the Ashshurim with them: all of them desirable young men, captains and rulers, great lords and renowned, all of them riding upon horses.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The Bvlm בָּבלִים, 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
894
{0894} Prime
בָּבֶל
Babel
{baw-bel'}
From H1101; confusion; Babel (that is, Babylon), including Babylonia and the Babylonian empire.
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the Ca$dm כַּשׂדִּים, 3778
{3778} Prime
כַּשְׂדִי
Kasdiy
{kas-dee'}
(Occasionally shown as the second form with enclitic; meaning towards the Kasdites); patronymic from H3777 (only in the plural); a Kasdite, or descendant of Kesed; by implication a Chaldaean (as if so descended); also an astrologer (as if proverbial of that people).
Pk פְּקוֹד, 6489
{6489} Prime
פְּקוֹד
P@qowd
{pek-ode'}
From H6485; punishment; Pekod, a symbolical name for Babylon.
and ` שׁוֹעַ, 7772
{7772} Prime
שׁוֹעַ
Showa`
{sho'-ah}
The same as H7771; rich; Shoa, an Oriental people.
and K` קוֹעַ, 6970
{6970} Prime
קוֹעַ
Qowa`
{ko'-ah}
Probably from H6972 in the original sense of cutting off; curtailment; Koa, a region of Babylon.
[and] all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the Arm אַשּׁוּרִים 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
804
{0804} Prime
אַשּׁוּר
'Ashshuwr
{ash-shoor'}
Apparently from H0833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire.
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
them: all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
of them desirable 2531
{2531} Prime
חֶמֶד
chemed
{kheh'-med}
A primitive root; to delight in.
young men, 970
{0970} Prime
בָּחוּר
bachuwr
{baw-khoor'}
Participle passive of H0977; properly selected, that is, a youth (often collectively).
captains 6346
{6346} Prime
פֶּחָה
pechah
{peh-khaw'}
Of foreign origin; a prefect (of a city or small district).
and rulers, 5461
{5461} Prime
סָגָן
cagan
{saw-gawn'}
From an unused root meaning to superintend; a proefect of a province.
great lords 7991
{7991} Prime
שָׁלִישׁ
shaliysh
{shaw-leesh'}
(The second form used in 1 Chronicles 11:11, 12, 18; the third form used in 2 Samuel 23:13); from H7969; a triple, that is, (as a musical instrument) a triangle (or perhaps rather three stringed lute); also (as an indefinitely great quantity) a three fold measure (perhaps a treble ephah); also (as an officer) a general of the third rank (upward, that is, the highest).
and renowned, 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
of them riding y7392
[7392] Standard
רָכַב
rakab
{raw-kab'}
A primitive root; to ride (on an animal or in a vehicle); causatively to place upon (for riding or generally), to despatch.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
upon x7392
(7392) Complement
רָכַב
rakab
{raw-kab'}
A primitive root; to ride (on an animal or in a vehicle); causatively to place upon (for riding or generally), to despatch.
horses. 5483
{5483} Prime
סוּס
cuwc
{soos}
From an unused root meaning to skip (properly for joy); a horse (as leaping); also a swallow (from its rapid flight).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 23:23

_ _ Pekod, etc. — (Jeremiah 50:21). Not a geographical name, but descriptive of Babylon. “Visitation,” peculiarly the land of “judgment”; in a double sense: actively, the inflicter of judgment on Judah; passively, as about to be afterwards herself the object of judgment.

_ _ Shoa ... Koa — “rich ... noble”; descriptive of Babylon in her prosperity, having all the world’s wealth and dignity at her disposal. Maurer suggests that, as descriptive appellatives are subjoined to the proper name, “all the Assyrians” in the second hemistich of the verse (as the verse ought to be divided at “Koa”), so Pekod, Shoa, and Koa must be appellatives descriptive of “The Babylonians and ... Chaldeans” in the first hemistich; “Pekod” meaning “prefects”; Shoa ... Koa, “rich ... princely.”

_ _ desirable young men — strong irony. Alluding to Ezekiel 23:12, these “desirable young men” whom thou didst so “dote upon” for their manly vigor of appearance, shall by that very vigor be the better able to chastise thee.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 23:22-35.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 23:23

Pekod — Pekod is the province between Tigris, and Lycus; in this was old Nineveh. Shoa — Either Sia in Armenia, or the Sohia, among which were the Adiabeni, and this contained the middle part of the kingdom of Babylon. Koa — This bordered upon Media, the inhabitants were called Kohai, and dwelt about Arbela. And all — All subjects of the Assyrian monarchy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 23:23

The Babylonians, and all the Chaldeans, (h) Pekod, and Shoa, and Koa, [and] all the Assyrians with them: all of them desirable young men, captains and rulers, great lords and renowned, all of them riding upon horses.

(h) These were the names of certain princes and captains under Nebuchadnezzar.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Babylonians:

Ezekiel 21:19-27 Also, thou son of man, appoint thee two ways, that the sword of the king of Babylon may come: both twain shall come forth out of one land: and choose thou a place, choose [it] at the head of the way to the city. ... I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and it shall be no [more], until he come whose right it is; and I will give it [him].
2 Kings 20:14-17 Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, What said these men? and from whence came they unto thee? And Hezekiah said, They are come from a far country, [even] from Babylon. ... Behold, the days come, that all that [is] in thine house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store unto this day, shall be carried into Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith the LORD.
2 Kings 25:1-3 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth [day] of the month, [that] Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he, and all his host, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it; and they built forts against it round about. ... And on the ninth [day] of the [fourth] month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land.

the Chaldeans:

2 Kings 24:2 And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servants the prophets.
Job 1:17 While he [was] yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The Chaldeans made out three bands, and fell upon the camels, and have carried them away, yea, and slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
Isaiah 23:13 Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this people was not, [till] the Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up the towers thereof, they raised up the palaces thereof; [and] he brought it to ruin.
Acts 7:4 Then came he out of the land of the Chaldaeans, and dwelt in Charran: and from thence, when his father was dead, he removed him into this land, wherein ye now dwell.

Pekod:

Jeremiah 50:21 Go up against the land of Merathaim, [even] against it, and against the inhabitants of Pekod: waste and utterly destroy after them, saith the LORD, and do according to all that I have commanded thee.

the Assyrians:

Genesis 2:14 And the name of the third river [is] Hiddekel: that [is] it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river [is] Euphrates.
Genesis 25:18 And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that [is] before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: [and] he died in the presence of all his brethren.
Ezra 6:22 And kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days with joy: for the LORD had made them joyful, and turned the heart of the king of Assyria unto them, to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of God, the God of Israel.

desirable:

Ezekiel 23:6 [Which were] clothed with blue, captains and rulers, all of them desirable young men, horsemen riding upon horses.
Ezekiel 23:12 She doted upon the Assyrians [her] neighbours, captains and rulers clothed most gorgeously, horsemen riding upon horses, all of them desirable young men.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:14; 25:18. 2K 20:14; 24:2; 25:1. Ezr 6:22. Jb 1:17. Is 23:13. Jr 50:21. Ezk 21:19; 23:6, 12. Ac 7:4.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Ezekiel 23:23.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Ezekiel 23:23


Recent Chat Bible Comments