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Ezekiel 22:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I sought for a man among them, that should build up the wall, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it; but I found none.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I searched for a man among them who would build up the wall and stand in the gap before Me for the land, so that I would not destroy it; but I found no one.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the fence, and stand in the breach before me for the land, that I should not destroy it; but I found none.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then sought I from among them, a man, Who could build up a wall, And stand in the breach, before me in behalf of the land, So that I might not destroy her,—But I found none.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I seek of them a man making a fence, And standing in the breach before Me, In behalf of the land—not to destroy it, And I have not found.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I sought among them for a man that might set up a hedge, and stand in the gap before me in favour of the land, that I might not destroy it: and I found none.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I sought for a man among them, that should make vp the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I sought from among them a man behaving uprightly, and standing before me perfectly in the time of wrath, so that I should not utterly destroy her: but I found [him] not.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I sought 1245
{1245} Prime
בּקשׁ
baqash
{baw-kash'}
A primitive root; to search out (by any method; specifically in worship or prayer); by implication to strive after.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
for a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
among x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
them, that should make up 1443
{1443} Prime
גָּדַר
gadar
{gaw-dar'}
A primitive root; to wall in or around.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the hedge, 1447
{1447} Prime
גָּדֵר
gader
{gaw-dare'}
From H1443; a circumvallation; by implication an inclosure.
and stand 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in the gap 6556
{6556} Prime
פֶּרֶץ
perets
{peh'-rets}
From H6555; a break (literally or figuratively).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
me for x1157
(1157) Complement
בַּעַד
b@`ad
{beh-ad'}
From H5704 with prepositional prefix; in up to or over against; generally at, beside, among, behind, for, etc.
the land, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
that I should not x1115
(1115) Complement
בִּלְתִּי
biltiy
{bil-tee'}
Constructive feminine of H1086 (equivalent to H1097); properly a failure of, that is, (used only as a negative particle, usually with prepositional prefix) not, except, without, unless, besides, because not, until, etc.
destroy 7843
{7843} Prime
שָׁחַת
shachath
{shaw-khath'}
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
it: but I found 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
none. x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 22:30

_ _ the hedge — the wall (see on Ezekiel 13:5); image for leading the people to repentance.

_ _ the gap — the breach (Psalms 106:23); image for interceding between the people and God (Genesis 20:7; Exodus 32:11; Numbers 16:48).

_ _ I found none — (Jeremiah 5:1) — not that literally there was not a righteous man in the city. For Jeremiah, Baruch, etc., were still there; but Jeremiah had been forbidden to pray for the people (Jeremiah 11:14), as being doomed to wrath. None now, of the godly, knowing the desperate state of the people, and God’s purpose as to them, was willing longer to interpose between God’s wrath and them. And none “among them,” that is, among those just enumerated as guilty of such sins (Ezekiel 22:25-29), was morally able for such an office.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 22:23-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 22:30

I sought — God speaks after the manner of men. A man — Any one, among princes, prophets, priests, or people, to repair the breach. And stand — Interpose between a sinful people, and their offended God, and intreat for mercy. But — All were corrupted.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 22:30

And I sought for a man among them, that should (q) make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none.

(q) Who would show himself zealous in my cause by resisting vice, (Isaiah 59:16) also pray to me to withhold my plagues, (Psalms 106:23).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I sought:
God, speaking after the manner of men, sought for some Moses, Phinehas, or Samuel, to stand in the gap on this occasion; but as he found none, its destruction was inevitable.
Isaiah 59:16 And he saw that [there was] no man, and wondered that [there was] no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him.
Isaiah 63:5 And I looked, and [there was] none to help; and I wondered that [there was] none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me.
Jeremiah 5:1 Run ye to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, and know, and seek in the broad places thereof, if ye can find a man, if there be [any] that executeth judgment, that seeketh the truth; and I will pardon it.

make:

Ezekiel 13:5 Ye have not gone up into the gaps, neither made up the hedge for the house of Israel to stand in the battle in the day of the LORD.
Genesis 18:23-32 And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked? ... And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy [it] for ten's sake.
Exodus 32:10-14 Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation. ... And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people.
Psalms 106:23 Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy [them].
Jeremiah 15:1 Then said the LORD unto me, Though Moses and Samuel stood before me, [yet] my mind [could] not [be] toward this people: cast [them] out of my sight, and let them go forth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 18:23. Ex 32:10. Ps 106:23. Is 59:16; 63:5. Jr 5:1; 15:1. Ezk 13:5.

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