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Ezekiel 22:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Son of man, the house of Israel is become dross unto me: all of them are brass and tin and iron and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are the dross of silver.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross: all they [are] brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are [even] the dross of silver.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Son of man, the house of Israel has become dross to Me; all of them are bronze and tin and iron and lead in the furnace; they are the dross of silver.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become dross: all they [are] brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are [even] the dross of silver.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Son of man, the house of Israel is become dross to me: they are all copper, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace: they are become the dross of silver.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Son of man, The house of Israel, hath become to me, dross,—They all, are copper and tin and iron and lead, in the midst of a furnace, The dross of silver, have they become.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The house of Israel hath been to Me for dross, All of them [are] brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, In the midst of a furnace—dross hath silver been,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Son of man, the house of Israel is become dross to me: all these are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace: they are become the dross of silver.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Sonne of man, the house of Israel is to me become drosse: all they [are] brasse, and tinne, and yron, and lead in the midst of the furnace: they are [euen] the drosse of siluer.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Son of man, behold, the house of Israel are all become to me [as it were] mixed with brass, and iron, and tin, and lead; they are mixed up in the midst of the silver.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Son of man, the house of Yisrael is to me become dross: all they [are] brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are [even] the dross of silver.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
is to me become x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
dross: 5509
{5509} Prime
סִיג
ciyg
{seeg}
From H5472 in the sense of refuse; scoria.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
they [are] brass, 5178
{5178} Prime
נְחֹשֶׁת
n@chosheth
{nekh-o'-sheth}
For H5154; copper; hence, something made of that metal, that is, coin, a fetter; figuratively base (as compared with gold or silver).
and tin, 913
{0913} Prime
בְּדִיל
b@diyl
{bed-eel'}
From H0914; alloy (because removed by smelting); by analogy tin.
and iron, 1270
{1270} Prime
בַּרְזֶל
barzel
{bar-zel'}
Perhaps from the root of H1269; iron (as cutting); by extension an iron implement.
and lead, 5777
{5777} Prime
עוֹפֶרֶת
`owphereth
{o-feh'-reth}
Feminine participle active of H6080; lead (from its dusty color).
in the midst 8432
{8432} Prime
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
of the furnace; 3564
{3564} Prime
כּוּר
kuwr
{koor}
From an unused root meaning properly to dig through; a pot or furnace (as if excavated).
they are x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
[even] the dross 5509
{5509} Prime
סִיג
ciyg
{seeg}
From H5472 in the sense of refuse; scoria.
of silver. 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 22:18

_ _ dross ... brass — Israel has become a worthless compound of the dross of silver (implying not merely corruption, but degeneracy from good to bad, Isaiah 1:22, especially offensive) and of the baser metals. Hence the people must be thrown into the furnace of judgment, that the bad may be consumed, and the good separated (Jeremiah 6:29, Jeremiah 6:30).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 22:17-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 22:18

Dross — Utterly degenerate, and base metal. The furnace — The afflictions I have laid upon them have not bettered them. The dross — While they loved mercy, did justly, walked humbly with their God, they were as silver; now they are but dross.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 22:18

Son of man, the house of Israel is to me become (k) dross: all they [are] brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are [even] the dross of silver.

(k) Which before was most precious.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the house:

Psalms 119:119 Thou puttest away all the wicked of the earth [like] dross: therefore I love thy testimonies.
Isaiah 1:22 Thy silver is become dross, thy wine mixed with water:
Jeremiah 6:28-30 They [are] all grievous revolters, walking with slanders: [they are] brass and iron; they [are] all corrupters. ... Reprobate silver shall [men] call them, because the LORD hath rejected them.

brass:

Ezekiel 22:20 [As] they gather silver, and brass, and iron, and lead, and tin, into the midst of the furnace, to blow the fire upon it, to melt [it]; so will I gather [you] in mine anger and in my fury, and I will leave [you there], and melt you.
Isaiah 48:4 Because I knew that thou [art] obstinate, and thy neck [is] an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;
Lamentations 4:1-2 How is the gold become dim! [how] is the most fine gold changed! the stones of the sanctuary are poured out in the top of every street. ... The precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold, how are they esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work of the hands of the potter!

in the midst:

Proverbs 17:3 The fining pot [is] for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts.
Isaiah 31:9 And he shall pass over to his strong hold for fear, and his princes shall be afraid of the ensign, saith the LORD, whose fire [is] in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem.
Isaiah 48:10 Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

dross:
Heb. drosses
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 119:119. Pv 17:3. Is 1:22; 31:9; 48:4, 10. Jr 6:28. Lm 4:1. Ezk 22:20.

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