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Ezekiel 20:46 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop [thy word] toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the field in the South;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop [thy word] toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Son of man, set your face toward Teman, and speak out against the south and prophesy against the forest land of the Negev,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Son of man, set thy face towards the south, and drop [thy word] towards the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop [words] against the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Son of man, Set thy face the way towards Teman, And drop [thy word] against the land of the sun, And prophesy unto the forest of the field of the South;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Son of man, set thy face the way of Teman, and prophesy unto the south, and prophesy unto the forest of the field—the south;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Son of man, set thy face against the way of the south, and drop towards the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Sonne of man, set thy face toward the South, and drop [thy word] toward the South, and prophesie against the forrest of the South field.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Son of man, set thy face against Teman{gr.Thaeman}, and look toward Darom, and prophesy against the chief forest of Nageb,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop [thy word] toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
set 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thy face 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
toward 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
the south, 8486
{8486} Prime
תֵּימָן
teyman
{tay-mawn'}
Denominative from H3225; the south (as being on the right hand of a person facing the east).
and drop 5197
{5197} Prime
נָטַף
nataph
{naw-taf'}
A primitive root; to ooze, that is, distil gradually; by implication to fall in drops; figuratively to speak by inspiration.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
[thy word] toward x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the south, 1864
{1864} Prime
דָּרוֹם
darowm
{daw-rome'}
Of uncertain derivation; the south; poet, the south wind.
and prophesy 5012
{5012} Prime
נָבָא
naba'
{naw-baw'}
A primitive root; to prophesy, that is, speak (or sing) by inspiration (in prediction or simple discourse).
z8734
<8734> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 118
against x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the forest 3293
{3293} Prime
יָעַר
ya`ar
{yah'-ar}
From an unused root probably meaning to thicken with verdure; a copse of bushes; hence a forest; hence honey in the comb (as hived in trees).
of the south 5045
{5045} Prime
נֶגֶב
negeb
{neh'-gheb}
From an unused root meaning to be parched; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).
field; 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 20:45-49.


Ezekiel 20:46

_ _ south ... south ... south — three different Hebrew words, to express the certainty of the divine displeasure resting on the region specified. The third term is from a root meaning “dry,” referring to the sun’s heat in the south; representing the burning judgments of God on the southern parts of Judea, of which Jerusalem was the capital.

_ _ set thy face — determinately. The prophets used to turn themselves towards those who were to be the subjects of their prophecies.

_ _ drop — as the rain, which flows in a continuous stream, sometimes gently (Deuteronomy 32:2), sometimes violently (Amos 7:16; Micah 2:6, Margin), as here.

_ _ forest — the densely populated country of Judea; trees representing people.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 20:45-49.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 20:46

The south — Look toward Jerusalem, and the land of Canaan. Drop thy word — Let thy word distil, begin with softer words, before thou shower down with the vehemency of a storm. The forest — Jerusalem, which was become like a forest.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 20:46

Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop [thy word] toward (x) the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field;

(x) For Judah stood south from Babylon.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
set:

Ezekiel 4:7 Therefore thou shalt set thy face toward the siege of Jerusalem, and thine arm [shall be] uncovered, and thou shalt prophesy against it.
Ezekiel 6:2 Son of man, set thy face toward the mountains of Israel, and prophesy against them,

toward:
Towards Judea, which lay south of Mesopotamia, where the prophet now dwelt.

and drop:

Ezekiel 21:2 Son of man, set thy face toward Jerusalem, and drop [thy word] toward the holy places, and prophesy against the land of Israel,
Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass:
Job 29:22 After my words they spake not again; and my speech dropped upon them.
Amos 7:16 Now therefore hear thou the word of the LORD: Thou sayest, Prophesy not against Israel, and drop not [thy word] against the house of Isaac.
Micah 2:6 Prophesy ye not, [say they to them that] prophesy: they shall not prophesy to them, [that] they shall not take shame.
*marg.

the forest:
The city of Jerusalem, as full of inhabitants as the forest is of trees.
Jeremiah 13:19 The cities of the south shall be shut up, and none shall open [them]: Judah shall be carried away captive all of it, it shall be wholly carried away captive.
Jeremiah 22:7 And I will prepare destroyers against thee, every one with his weapons: and they shall cut down thy choice cedars, and cast [them] into the fire.
Zechariah 11:1-2 Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars. ... Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled: howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:2. Jb 29:22. Jr 13:19; 22:7. Ezk 4:7; 6:2; 21:2. Am 7:16. Mi 2:6. Zc 11:1.

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