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Ezekiel 20:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wilt thou judge them, son of man, wilt thou judge them? Cause them to know the abominations of their fathers;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wilt thou judge them, son of man, wilt thou judge [them]? cause them to know the abominations of their fathers:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Will you judge them, will you judge them, son of man? Make them know the abominations of their fathers;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wilt thou judge them, son of man, wilt thou judge [them]? cause them to know the abominations of their fathers:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Wilt thou judge them, wilt thou judge, son of man? Cause them to know the abominations of their fathers,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wilt thou judge them, wilt thou judge, O son of man? The abominations of their fathers, let them know:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Dost thou judge them? Dost thou judge, son of man? The abominations of their fathers cause them to know,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If thou judgest them, if thou judgest, O son of man, declare to them the abominations of their fathers.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wilt thou iudge them, sonne of man, wilt thou iudge [them]? cause them to know the abominations of their fathers:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Shall I utterly take vengeance on them, son of man? testify to them of the iniquities of their fathers:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Wilt thou judge them, son of man, wilt thou judge [them]? cause them to know the abominations of their fathers:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wilt thou judge 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them, son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
wilt thou judge 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[them]? cause them to know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the abominations 8441
{8441} Prime
תּוֹעֵבָה
tow`ebah
{to-ay-baw'}
Feminine active participle of H8581; properly something disgusting (morally), that is, (as noun) an abhorrence; especially idolatry or (concretely) an idol.
of their fathers: 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 20:4

_ _ Wilt thou judge? ... judge — The emphatical repetition expresses, “Wilt thou not judge? yes, judge them. There is a loud call for immediate judgment.” The Hebrew interrogative here is a command, not a prohibition [Maurer]. Instead of spending time in teaching them, tell them of the abomination of their fathers, of which their own are the complement and counterpart, and which call for judgment.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 20:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 20:4

Wilt thou — Wilt thou not convince and reprove them? And denounce my judgments against them? The abominations — What their fathers have done, they approve, and have outdone; by that let them know what to expect.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 20:4

Wilt thou judge them, son of man, wilt thou judge [them]? cause (b) them to know the abominations of their fathers:

(b) This declares the great leniency and patience of God who calls sinners to repentance before he condemns them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
judge them:
or, plead for them,
Ezekiel 14:14 Though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they should deliver [but] their own souls by their righteousness, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 14:20 Though Noah, Daniel, and Job, [were] in it, [as] I live, saith the Lord GOD, they shall deliver neither son nor daughter; they shall [but] deliver their own souls by their righteousness.
Ezekiel 22:2 Now, thou son of man, wilt thou judge, wilt thou judge the bloody city? yea, thou shalt shew her all her abominations.
Ezekiel 23:36 The LORD said moreover unto me; Son of man, wilt thou judge Aholah and Aholibah? yea, declare unto them their abominations;
Ezekiel 23:45 And the righteous men, they shall judge them after the manner of adulteresses, and after the manner of women that shed blood; because they [are] adulteresses, and blood [is] in their hands.
Isaiah 5:3 And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.
Jeremiah 7:16 Therefore pray not thou for this people, neither lift up cry nor prayer for them, neither make intercession to me: for I will not hear thee.
Jeremiah 11:14 Therefore pray not thou for this people, neither lift up a cry or prayer for them: for I will not hear [them] in the time that they cry unto me for their trouble.
Jeremiah 14:11-14 Then said the LORD unto me, Pray not for this people for [their] good. ... Then the LORD said unto me, The prophets prophesy lies in my name: I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, neither spake unto them: they prophesy unto you a false vision and divination, and a thing of nought, and the deceit of their heart.
Jeremiah 15:1 Then said the LORD unto me, Though Moses and Samuel stood before me, [yet] my mind [could] not [be] toward this people: cast [them] out of my sight, and let them go forth.
1 Corinthians 6:2 Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters?

cause:

Ezekiel 16:2-3 Son of man, cause Jerusalem to know her abominations, ... And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD unto Jerusalem; Thy birth and thy nativity [is] of the land of Canaan; thy father [was] an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite.
Matthew 23:29-37 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, ... O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Luke 11:47-51 Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. ... From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation.
Luke 13:33-35 Nevertheless I must walk to day, and to morrow, and the [day] following: for it cannot be that a prophet perish out of Jerusalem. ... Behold, your house is left unto you desolate: and verily I say unto you, Ye shall not see me, until [the time] come when ye shall say, Blessed [is] he that cometh in the name of the Lord.
Acts 7:51-52 Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers [did], so [do] ye. ... Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 5:3. Jr 7:16; 11:14; 14:11; 15:1. Ezk 14:14, 20; 16:2; 22:2; 23:36, 45. Mt 23:29. Lk 11:47; 13:33. Ac 7:51. 1Co 6:2.

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