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Ezekiel 18:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and hath not wronged any, but hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath taken nought by robbery, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And hath not oppressed any, [but] hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— if a man does not oppress anyone, but restores to the debtor his pledge, does not commit robbery, [but] gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And hath not oppressed any, [but] hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath stripped none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and hath not oppressed any; he hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath not exercised robbery, hath given his bread to the hungry, and covered the naked with a garment;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, no man, hath treated with violence, But, his debt-pledge, hath restored, Plunder, hath not seized,—His bread—to the famished, hath given, And, the naked, hath covered with clothing;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A man—he doth not oppress, His pledge to the debtor he doth return, Plunder he doth not take away, His bread to the hungry he doth give, And the naked doth cover with a garment,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And hath not wronged any man: but hath restored the pledge to the debtor, hath taken nothing away by violence: hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hath not oppressed any, [but] hath restored to the debtourhis pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath giuen his bread to the hungrie, and hath couered the naked with a garment,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and shall not oppress any man, [but] shall return the pledge of the debtor, and shall be guilty of no plunder, shall give his bread to the hungry, and clothe the naked;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And hath not oppressed any, [but] hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And hath not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
oppressed 3238
{3238} Prime
יָנָה
yanah
{yaw-naw'}
A primitive root; to rage or be violent; by implication to suppress, to maltreat.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
any, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
[but] hath restored 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
to the debtor 2326
{2326} Prime
חוֹב
chowb
{khobe}
From H2235; debt.
his pledge, 2258
{2258} Prime
חַבֹלָ
chabol
{khab-ole'}
From H2254; a pawn (as security for debt).
hath spoiled 1497
{1497} Prime
גָּזַל
gazal
{gaw-zal'}
A primitive root; to pluck off; specifically to flay, strip or rob.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
none x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
by violence, 1500
{1500} Prime
גְּזֵלָה
g@zelah
{ghez-ay-law'}
Feminine of H1498 and meaning the same.
hath given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
his bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
to the hungry, 7457
{7457} Prime
רָעֵב
ra`eb
{raw-abe'}
From H7456; hungry (more or less intensely).
and hath covered 3680
{3680} Prime
כָּסָה
kacah
{kaw-saw'}
A primitive root; properly to plump, that is, fill up hollows; by implication to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
the naked 5903
{5903} Prime
עֵירֹם
`eyrom
{ay-rome'}
From H6191; nudity.
with a garment; 899
{0899} Prime
בֶּגֶד
beged
{behg'-ed}
From H0898; a covering, that is, clothing; also treachery or pillage.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 18:7

_ _ restored ... pledge — that which the poor debtor absolutely needed; as his raiment, which the creditor was bound to restore before sunset (Exodus 22:26, Exodus 22:27), and his millstone, which was needed for preparing his food (Deuteronomy 24:6, Deuteronomy 24:10-13).

_ _ bread to ... hungry ... covered ... naked — (Isaiah 58:7; Matthew 25:35, Matthew 25:36). After duties of justice come those of benevolence. It is not enough to refrain from doing a wrong to our neighbor, we must also do him good. The bread owned by a man, though “his,” is given to him, not to keep to himself, but to impart to the needy.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 18:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
hath not:

Ezekiel 18:12 Hath oppressed the poor and needy, hath spoiled by violence, hath not restored the pledge, and hath lifted up his eyes to the idols, hath committed abomination,
Ezekiel 18:16 Neither hath oppressed any, hath not withholden the pledge, neither hath spoiled by violence, [but] hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment,
Ezekiel 18:18 [As for] his father, because he cruelly oppressed, spoiled his brother by violence, and did [that] which [is] not good among his people, lo, even he shall die in his iniquity.
Ezekiel 22:12-13 In thee have they taken gifts to shed blood; thou hast taken usury and increase, and thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbours by extortion, and hast forgotten me, saith the Lord GOD. ... Behold, therefore I have smitten mine hand at thy dishonest gain which thou hast made, and at thy blood which hath been in the midst of thee.
Ezekiel 22:27-29 Her princes in the midst thereof [are] like wolves ravening the prey, to shed blood, [and] to destroy souls, to get dishonest gain. ... The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed the stranger wrongfully.
Exodus 22:21-24 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. ... And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.
Exodus 23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Leviticus 19:15 Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: [but] in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour.
Leviticus 25:14 And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest [ought] of thy neighbour's hand, ye shall not oppress one another:
1 Samuel 12:3-4 Behold, here I [am]: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received [any] bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you. ... And they said, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither hast thou taken ought of any man's hand.
Job 31:13-22 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me; ... [Then] let mine arm fall from my shoulder blade, and mine arm be broken from the bone.
Proverbs 3:31 Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways.
Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
Proverbs 22:22-23 Rob not the poor, because he [is] poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate: ... For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them.
Isaiah 1:17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
Isaiah 33:15 He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil;
Isaiah 58:6 [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?
Jeremiah 7:6-7 [If] ye oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place, neither walk after other gods to your hurt: ... Then will I cause you to dwell in this place, in the land that I gave to your fathers, for ever and ever.
Amos 2:6 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they sold the righteous for silver, and the poor for a pair of shoes;
Amos 8:4-6 Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail, ... That we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes; [yea], and sell the refuse of the wheat?
Micah 2:1 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practise it, because it is in the power of their hand.
Micah 3:2 Who hate the good, and love the evil; who pluck off their skin from off them, and their flesh from off their bones;
Zechariah 7:9-11 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother: ... But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.
Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in [his] wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger [from his right], and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
James 5:1-6 Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you]. ... Ye have condemned [and] killed the just; [and] he doth not resist you.

hath restored:

Ezekiel 33:15 [If] the wicked restore the pledge, give again that he had robbed, walk in the statutes of life, without committing iniquity; he shall surely live, he shall not die.
Exodus 22:26 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:
Deuteronomy 24:12-13 And if the man [be] poor, thou shalt not sleep with his pledge: ... In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge again when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless thee: and it shall be righteousness unto thee before the LORD thy God.
Deuteronomy 24:17 Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, [nor] of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:
Job 22:6 For thou hast taken a pledge from thy brother for nought, and stripped the naked of their clothing.
Job 24:3 They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.
Job 24:9 They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.
Amos 2:8 And they lay [themselves] down upon clothes laid to pledge by every altar, and they drink the wine of the condemned [in] the house of their god.

hath spoiled:

Ezekiel 7:23 Make a chain: for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence.
Genesis 6:11-12 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence. ... And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.
Isaiah 59:6-7 Their webs shall not become garments, neither shall they cover themselves with their works: their works [are] works of iniquity, and the act of violence [is] in their hands. ... Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts [are] thoughts of iniquity; wasting and destruction [are] in their paths.
Jeremiah 22:3 Thus saith the LORD; Execute ye judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place.
Jeremiah 22:16-17 He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then [it was] well [with him: was] not this to know me? saith the LORD. ... But thine eyes and thine heart [are] not but for thy covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence, to do [it].
Amos 3:10 For they know not to do right, saith the LORD, who store up violence and robbery in their palaces.
Amos 5:11-12 Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them. ... For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate [from their right].
Amos 6:3 Ye that put far away the evil day, and cause the seat of violence to come near;
Zephaniah 1:9 In the same day also will I punish all those that leap on the threshold, which fill their masters' houses with violence and deceit.

hath given:

Ezekiel 18:16 Neither hath oppressed any, hath not withholden the pledge, neither hath spoiled by violence, [but] hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment,
Deuteronomy 15:7-11 If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother: ... For the poor shall never cease out of the land: therefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land.
Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from [their] desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail; ... If his loins have not blessed me, and [if] he were [not] warmed with the fleece of my sheep;
Psalms 41:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
Psalms 112:4 Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: [he is] gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous.
Psalms 112:9 He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
Proverbs 11:24-25 There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and [there is] that withholdeth more than is meet, but [it tendeth] to poverty. ... The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself.
Proverbs 28:8 He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.
Proverbs 28:27 He that giveth unto the poor shall not lack: but he that hideth his eyes shall have many a curse.
Isaiah 58:7-11 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh? ... And the LORD shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.
Matthew 25:34-46 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: ... And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
Luke 3:11 He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise.
2 Corinthians 8:7-9 Therefore, as ye abound in every [thing, in] faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and [in] all diligence, and [in] your love to us, [see] that ye abound in this grace also. ... For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.
2 Corinthians 9:6-14 But this [I say], He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully. ... And by their prayer for you, which long after you for the exceeding grace of God in you.
James 2:13-17 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment. ... Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.
1 John 3:16-19 Hereby perceive we the love [of God], because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down [our] lives for the brethren. ... And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.
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Gn 6:11. Ex 22:21, 26; 23:9. Lv 19:15; 25:14. Dt 15:7; 24:12, 17. 1S 12:3. Jb 22:6; 24:3, 9; 31:13, 16. Ps 41:1; 112:4, 9. Pv 3:31; 11:24; 14:31; 22:22; 28:8, 27. Is 1:17; 5:7; 33:15; 58:6, 7; 59:6. Jr 7:6; 22:3, 16. Ezk 7:23; 18:12, 16, 18; 22:12, 27; 33:15. Am 2:6, 8; 3:10; 5:11; 6:3; 8:4. Mi 2:1; 3:2. Zp 1:9. Zc 7:9. Mal 3:5. Mt 25:34. Lk 3:11. 2Co 8:7; 9:6. Jm 2:13; 5:1. 1Jn 3:16.

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