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Ezekiel 18:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Have I any pleasure in the death of the wicked? saith the Lord Jehovah; and not rather that he should return from his way, and live?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Have I any pleasure at all that the wicked should die? saith the Lord GOD: [and] not that he should return from his ways, and live?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Do I have any pleasure in the death of the wicked,” declares the Lord GOD, “rather than that he should turn from his ways and live?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Have I any pleasure at all that the wicked should die? saith the Lord GOD: [and] not that he should return from his ways, and live?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Have I any pleasure at all in the death of the wicked? saith the Lord Jehovah; is it not in his turning from his way, that he may live?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Could I take, delight, in the death of the lawless? Demandeth My Lord, Yahweh. Must it not be in his turning from his ways [in which case] he shall live?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Do I at all desire the death of the wicked? An affirmation of the Lord Jehovah, Is it not in his turning back from his way—And he hath lived?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Is it my will that a sinner should die, saith the Lord God, and not that he should be converted from his ways, and live?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Haue I any pleasure at all that the wicked should die, saith the Lord GOD? [And] not that he should returne from his wayes, and liue?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Shall I at all desire death of the sinner, saith the Lord, as I [desire] that he should turn from [his] evil way, and live?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Have I any pleasure at all that the wicked should die? saith Adonay Yahweh: [and] not that he should return from his ways, and live?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Have I any pleasure y2654
[2654] Standard
חָפֵץ
chaphets
{khaw-fates'}
A primitive root; properly to incline to; by implication (literally but rarely) to bend; figuratively to be pleased with, desire.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
at all 2654
{2654} Prime
חָפֵץ
chaphets
{khaw-fates'}
A primitive root; properly to incline to; by implication (literally but rarely) to bend; figuratively to be pleased with, desire.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
that the wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
should die? 4194
{4194} Prime
מָוֶת
maveth
{maw'-veth}
From H4191; death (natural or violent); concretely the dead, their place or state (hades); figuratively pestilence, ruin.
saith 5002
{5002} Prime
נְאֻם
n@'um
{neh-oom'}
From H5001; an oracle.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
ny אֲדֹנָי 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
Yhw יָהוֶה: 3069
{3069} Prime
יֱהוִה
Y@hovih
{yeh-ho-vee'}
A variation of H3068 (used after H0136, and pronounced by Jews as H0430, in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound, since they elsewhere pronounce H3068 as H0136).
[and] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
that he should return 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
from his ways, 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and live? 2421
{2421} Prime
חָיַה
chayah
{khaw-yaw'}
A prim root (compare H2331, H2424); to live, whether literally or figuratively; causatively to revive.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 18:21-24.


Ezekiel 18:23

_ _ (1 Timothy 2:4; 2 Peter 3:9). If men perish, it is because they will not come to the Lord for salvation; not that the Lord is not willing to save them (John 5:40). They trample on not merely justice, but mercy; what farther hope can there be for them, when even mercy is against them? (Hebrews 10:26-29).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 18:21-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 18:23

(f) Have I any pleasure at all that the wicked should die? saith the Lord GOD: [and] not that he should return from his ways, and live?

(f) He speaks this to commend God's mercy to poor sinners, who rather is ready to pardon than to punish, as his long suffering declares, (Ezekiel 33:11). Though God in his eternal counsel appointed the death and damnation of the reprobate, yet the end of his counsel was not their death only, but chiefly his own glory. Also because he does not approve sin, therefore it is here said that he would have them turn away from it that they might live.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I any:

Ezekiel 18:32 For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord GOD: wherefore turn [yourselves], and live ye.
Ezekiel 33:11 Say unto them, [As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
Lamentations 3:33 For he doth not afflict willingly nor grieve the children of men.
Hosea 11:8 How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? [how] shall I deliver thee, Israel? how shall I make thee as Admah? [how] shall I set thee as Zeboim? mine heart is turned within me, my repentings are kindled together.
1 Timothy 2:4 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.
2 Peter 3:9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.

not that:

Exodus 34:6-7 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, ... Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear [the guilty]; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth [generation].
Job 33:27-28 He looketh upon men, and [if any] say, I have sinned, and perverted [that which was] right, and it profited me not; ... He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light.
Psalms 147:11 The LORD taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.
Jeremiah 31:20 [Is] Ephraim my dear son? [is he] a pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the LORD.
Micah 7:18 Who [is] a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth [in] mercy.
Luke 15:4-7 What man of you, having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninety and nine in the wilderness, and go after that which is lost, until he find it? ... I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance.
Luke 15:10 Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth.
Luke 15:22-24 But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put [it] on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on [his] feet: ... For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry.
Luke 15:32 It was meet that we should make merry, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is alive again; and was lost, and is found.
James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 34:6. Jb 33:27. Ps 147:11. Jr 31:20. Lm 3:33. Ezk 18:32; 33:11. Ho 11:8. Mi 7:18. Lk 15:4, 10, 22, 32. 1Ti 2:4. Jm 2:13. 2P 3:9.

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