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Ezekiel 18:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— neither hath wronged any, hath not taken aught to pledge, neither hath taken by robbery, but hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Neither hath oppressed any, hath not withholden the pledge, neither hath spoiled by violence, [but] hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— or oppress anyone, or retain a pledge, or commit robbery, [but] he gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Neither hath oppressed any, hath not withheld the pledge, neither hath stripped by violence, [but] hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and hath not oppressed any, nor withholden the pledge, neither hath exercised robbery; he hath given his bread to the hungry, and covered the naked with a garment;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, no man, hath he treated with violence, Hath, by no means withholden the pledge, And, plunder, hath not seized,—His bread—to the famished, hath given, And, the naked, hath covered with clothing;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A man—he hath not oppressed, A pledge he hath not bound, And plunder he hath not taken away, His bread to the hungry he hath given, And the naked he covered with a garment,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And hath not grieved any man, nor withholden the pledge, nor taken away with violence, but hath given his bread to the hungry, and covered the naked with a garment:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Neither hath oppressed any, hath not withholden the pledge, neither hath spoiled by violence, [but] hath giuen his bread to the hungry, and hath couered the naked with a garment,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and has not oppressed a man, and has not retained the pledge, nor committed robbery, has given his bread to the hungry, and has clothed the naked,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Neither hath oppressed any, hath not withholden the pledge, neither hath spoiled by violence, [but] hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
hath oppressed 3238
{3238} Prime
יָנָה
yanah
{yaw-naw'}
A primitive root; to rage or be violent; by implication to suppress, to maltreat.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
any, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
hath not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
withholden 2254
{2254} Prime
חָבַל
chabal
{khaw-bal'}
A primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), that is, to bind; specifically by a pledge; figuratively to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the pledge, 2258
{2258} Prime
חַבֹלָ
chabol
{khab-ole'}
From H2254; a pawn (as security for debt).
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
hath spoiled 1497
{1497} Prime
גָּזַל
gazal
{gaw-zal'}
A primitive root; to pluck off; specifically to flay, strip or rob.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
by violence, 1500
{1500} Prime
גְּזֵלָה
g@zelah
{ghez-ay-law'}
Feminine of H1498 and meaning the same.
[but] hath given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
his bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
to the hungry, 7457
{7457} Prime
רָעֵב
ra`eb
{raw-abe'}
From H7456; hungry (more or less intensely).
and hath covered 3680
{3680} Prime
כָּסָה
kacah
{kaw-saw'}
A primitive root; properly to plump, that is, fill up hollows; by implication to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the naked 5903
{5903} Prime
עֵירֹם
`eyrom
{ay-rome'}
From H6191; nudity.
with a garment, 899
{0899} Prime
בֶּגֶד
beged
{behg'-ed}
From H0898; a covering, that is, clothing; also treachery or pillage.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 18:14-18.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 18:10-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
withholden the pledge:
Heb. pledged the pledge, or taken to pledge,
Ezekiel 18:7 And hath not oppressed any, [but] hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;

but hath:

Job 22:7 Thou hast not given water to the weary to drink, and thou hast withholden bread from the hungry.
Job 31:19 If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering;
Proverbs 22:9 He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he giveth of his bread to the poor.
Proverbs 25:21 If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink:
Proverbs 31:20 She stretcheth out her hand to the poor; yea, she reacheth forth her hands to the needy.
Ecclesiastes 11:1-2 Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days. ... Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth.
Isaiah 58:7-10 [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh? ... And [if] thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness [be] as the noonday:
Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.
Luke 14:13 But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 22:7; 31:19. Pv 22:9; 25:21; 31:20. Ec 11:1. Is 58:7. Ezk 18:7. Lk 11:41; 14:13.

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