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Ezekiel 16:45 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou art the daughter of thy mother, that loatheth her husband and her children; and thou art the sister of thy sisters, who loathed their husbands and their children: your mother was a Hittite, and your father an Amorite.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou [art] thy mother's daughter, that lotheth her husband and her children; and thou [art] the sister of thy sisters, which lothed their husbands and their children: your mother [was] an Hittite, and your father an Amorite.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You are the daughter of your mother, who loathed her husband and children. You are also the sister of your sisters, who loathed their husbands and children. Your mother was a Hittite and your father an Amorite.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou [art] thy mother's daughter, that lotheth her husband and her children; and thou [art] the sister of thy sisters, who lothed their husbands and their children: your mother [was] a Hittite, and your father an Amorite.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou art the daughter of thy mother that loathed her husband and her children; and thou art the sister of thy sisters, who loathed their husbands and their children. Your mother was a Hittite, and your father an Amorite.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The daughter of thy mother, thou art! One abhorring her own husband, and her own children,—Yea, the sister of thy sisters, thou art, Who abhorred their own husbands, and their own children, Your mother, was a Hittite, And, your father, an Amorite.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thy mother's daughter thou [art], Loathing her husband and her sons, And thy sisters' sister thou [art], Who loathed their husbands and their sons, Your mother [is] a Hittite, and your father an Amorite.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou art thy mother's daughter, that cast off her husband, and her children: and thou art the sister of thy sisters, who cast off their husbands, and their children: your mother was a Cethite, and your father an Amorrhite.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou [art] thy mothers daughter, that lotheth her husband and her children, and thou [art] the sister of thy sisters which lothed their husbands, and their children: your mother [was] an Hittite, and your father an Amorite.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— As is the mother, so is thy mother's daughter: thou art she that has rejected her husband and her children; and the sisters of thy sisters have rejected their husbands and their children: your mother was an Hittite{gr.Chettite}, and [your] father an Amorite.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou [art] thy mother's daughter, that lotheth her husband and her children; and thou [art] the sister of thy sisters, which lothed their husbands and their children: your mother [was] a Chitti, and your father an Emori.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
[art] thy mother's 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
daughter, 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
that lotheth 1602
{1602} Prime
גָּעַל
ga`al
{gaw-al'}
A primitive root; to detest; by implication to reject.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
her husband 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
and her children; 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
and thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
[art] the sister 269
{0269} Prime
אָחוֹת
'achowth
{aw-khoth'}
Irregular feminine of H0251; a sister (used very widely (like H0250), literally and figuratively).
of thy sisters, 269
{0269} Prime
אָחוֹת
'achowth
{aw-khoth'}
Irregular feminine of H0251; a sister (used very widely (like H0250), literally and figuratively).
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
lothed 1602
{1602} Prime
גָּעַל
ga`al
{gaw-al'}
A primitive root; to detest; by implication to reject.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
their husbands y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
and their children: 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
your mother 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
[was] a itt חִתִּי, y2850
[2850] Standard
חִתִּי
Chittiy
{khit-tee'}
Patronymic from H2845; a Chittite, or descendant of Cheth.
x2851
(2851) Complement
חִתִּית
chittiyth
{khit-teeth'}
From H2865; fear.
and your father 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
an mr אֱמֹרִי. 567
{0567} Prime
אֱמֹרִי
'Emoriy
{em-o-ree'}
Probably a patronymic from an unused name derived from H0559 in the sense of publicity, that is, prominence; thus a mountaineer; an Emorite, one of the Canaanitish tribes.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 16:45

_ _ mother’s ... that loatheth her husband — that is, God (“haters of God,” Romans 1:30); therefore the knowledge of the true God had originally been in Canaan, handed down from Noah (hence we find Melchisedek, king of Salem, in Canaan, “priest of the most high God,” Genesis 14:18), but Canaan apostatized from it; this was what constituted the blackness of the Canaanites’ guilt.

_ _ loathed ... children — whom she put to death in honor of Saturn; a practice common among the Phoenicians.

_ _ sister of thy sisters — Thou art akin in guilt to Samaria and Sodom, to which thou art akin by birth. Moab and Ammon, the incestuous children of Lot, nephew of Abraham, Israel’s progenitor, had their origin from Sodom; so Sodom might be called Judah’s sister. Samaria, answering to the ten tribes of Israel, is, of course, sister to Judah.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 16:44-59.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 16:45

Thou — The nation of the Jews. Thy mother's daughter — As much in thy inclinations, as for thy original. Loatheth — That was weary of the best husband.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 16:45

Thou [art] thy mother's daughter, that lotheth her husband and her children; and thou [art] the sister of thy (y) sisters, who lothed their husbands and their children: your mother [was] an Hittite, and your father an Amorite.

(y) That is, of Samaria and Sodom.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that loatheth:

Ezekiel 16:8 Now when I passed by thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time [was] the time of love; and I spread my skirt over thee, and covered thy nakedness: yea, I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee, saith the Lord GOD, and thou becamest mine.
Ezekiel 16:15 But thou didst trust in thine own beauty, and playedst the harlot because of thy renown, and pouredst out thy fornications on every one that passed by; his it was.
Ezekiel 16:20-21 Moreover thou hast taken thy sons and thy daughters, whom thou hast borne unto me, and these hast thou sacrificed unto them to be devoured. [Is this] of thy whoredoms a small matter, ... That thou hast slain my children, and delivered them to cause them to pass through [the fire] for them?
Ezekiel 23:37-39 That they have committed adultery, and blood [is] in their hands, and with their idols have they committed adultery, and have also caused their sons, whom they bare unto me, to pass for them through [the fire], to devour [them]. ... For when they had slain their children to their idols, then they came the same day into my sanctuary to profane it; and, lo, thus have they done in the midst of mine house.
Deuteronomy 5:9 Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me,
Deuteronomy 12:31 Thou shalt not do so unto the LORD thy God: for every abomination to the LORD, which he hateth, have they done unto their gods; for even their sons and their daughters they have burnt in the fire to their gods.
Isaiah 1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.
*marg.
Zechariah 11:8 Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul lothed them, and their soul also abhorred me.
Romans 1:30-31 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, ... Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

your mother:

Ezekiel 16:3 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD unto Jerusalem; Thy birth and thy nativity [is] of the land of Canaan; thy father [was] an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite.
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Dt 5:9; 12:31. Is 1:4. Ezk 16:3, 8, 15, 20; 23:37. Zc 11:8. Ro 1:30.

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