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Ezekiel 16:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and say, Thus saith the Lord Jehovah unto Jerusalem: Thy birth and thy nativity is of the land of the Canaanite; the Amorite was thy father, and thy mother was a Hittite.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD unto Jerusalem; Thy birth and thy nativity [is] of the land of Canaan; thy father [was] an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD to Jerusalem, “Your origin and your birth are from the land of the Canaanite, your father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD to Jerusalem; Thy birth and thy nativity [is] of the land of Canaan; thy father [was] an Amorite, and thy mother a Hittite.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and say, Thus saith the Lord Jehovah unto Jerusalem: Thy birth and thy nativity is of the land of the Canaanite: thy father was an Amorite, and thy mother a Hittite.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore shalt thou say—Thus, saith My Lord, Yahweh, To Jerusalem, Thine origin and thy birth, were of the land of the Canaanite,—Thy father, was the Amorite, And, thy mother, a Hittite,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thus said the Lord Jehovah to Jerusalem: Thy birth and thy nativity [Are] of the land of the Canaanite, Thy father the Amorite, and thy mother a Hittite.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And thou shalt say: Thus saith the Lord God to Jerusalem: Thy root, and thy nativity is of the land of Chanaan, thy father was an Amorrhite, and thy mother a Cethite.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD vnto Ierusalem; Thy birth and thy natiuitie [is] of the land of Canaan, thy father [was] an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and thou shalt say, Thus saith the Lord to Jerusalem; Thy root and thy birth are of the land of Canaan{gr.Chanaan}: thy father was an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite{gr.Chettite}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And say, Thus saith Adonay Yahweh unto Yerushalaim; Thy birth and thy nativity [is] of the land of Kenaan; thy father [was] an Emori, and thy mother a Chitti.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And say, 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Thus x3541
(3541) Complement
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
ny אֲדֹנָי 136
{0136} Prime
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3069
{3069} Prime
A variation of H3068 (used after H0136, and pronounced by Jews as H0430, in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound, since they elsewhere pronounce H3068 as H0136).
unto Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם; 3389
{3389} Prime
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
Thy birth 4351
{4351} Prime
From the same as H3564 in the sense of digging; origin (as if a mine).
and thy nativity 4138
{4138} Prime
From H3205; nativity (plural birth place); by implication lineage, native country; also offspring, family.
[is] of the land 776
{0776} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Cn`an כְּנָעַן; 3669
{3669} Prime
Patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by implication a pedlar (the Cananites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans).
thy father 1
{0001} Prime
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
[was] an mr אֱמֹרִי, 567
{0567} Prime
Probably a patronymic from an unused name derived from H0559 in the sense of publicity, that is, prominence; thus a mountaineer; an Emorite, one of the Canaanitish tribes.
and thy mother 517
{0517} Prime
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
a itt חִתִּי. y2850
[2850] Standard
Patronymic from H2845; a Chittite, or descendant of Cheth.
(2851) Complement
From H2865; fear.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 16:3

_ _ birth ... nativity — thy origin and birth; literally, “thy diggings” (compare Isaiah 51:1) “and thy bringings forth.”

_ _ of ... Canaan — in which Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob sojourned before going to Egypt, and from which thou didst derive far more of thy innate characteristics than from the virtues of those thy progenitors (Ezekiel 21:30).

_ _ an Amorite ... an Hittite — These, being the most powerful tribes, stand for the whole of the Canaanite nations (compare Joshua 1:4; Amos 2:9), which were so abominably corrupt as to have been doomed to utter extermination by God (Leviticus 18:24, Leviticus 18:25, Leviticus 18:28; Deuteronomy 18:12). Translate rather, “the Amorite ... the Canaanite,” that is, these two tribes personified; their wicked characteristics, respectively, were concentrated in the parentage of Israel (Genesis 15:16). “The Hittite” is made their “mother”; alluding to Esau’s wives, daughters of Heth, whose ways vexed Rebekah (Genesis 26:34, Genesis 26:35; Genesis 27:46), but pleased the degenerate descendants of Jacob, so that these are called, in respect of morals, children of the Hittite (compare Ezekiel 16:45).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 16:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 16:3

Jerusalem — The whole race of the Jews. Thy birth — Thy root whence thou didst spring. Thy father — Abraham, before God called him, (as his father and kindred) worshipped strange gods beyond the river, Joshua 24:14. An Amorite — This comprehended all the rest of the cursed nations.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 16:3

And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD to Jerusalem; Thy birth and thy nativity [is] of the land (a) of Canaan; thy father [was] an Amorite, and thy mother an Hittite.

(a) You boast to be of the seed of Abraham, but you are degenerate and follow the abominations of the wicked Canaanites as children do the manners of their fathers, (Isaiah 1:4, Isaiah 57:3).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Thy birth:
Heb. Thy cutting out, or habitation,
Ezekiel 16:45 Thou [art] thy mother's daughter, that lotheth her husband and her children; and thou [art] the sister of thy sisters, which lothed their husbands and their children: your mother [was] an Hittite, and your father an Amorite.
Ezekiel 21:30 Shall I cause [it] to return into his sheath? I will judge thee in the place where thou wast created, in the land of thy nativity.
Genesis 11:25 And Nahor lived after he begat Terah an hundred and nineteen years, and begat sons and daughters.
Genesis 11:29 And Abram and Nahor took them wives: the name of Abram's wife [was] Sarai; and the name of Nahor's wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah, and the father of Iscah.
Joshua 24:14 Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD.
Nehemiah 9:7 Thou [art] the LORD the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham;
Isaiah 1:10 Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah.
Isaiah 51:1-2 Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the LORD: look unto the rock [whence] ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit [whence] ye are digged. ... Look unto Abraham your father, and unto Sarah [that] bare you: for I called him alone, and blessed him, and increased him.
Matthew 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
Matthew 11:24 But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee.
Luke 3:7 Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
John 8:44 Ye are of [your] father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
1 John 3:10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.


Genesis 15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites [is] not yet full.
Deuteronomy 20:17 But thou shalt utterly destroy them; [namely], the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee:
1 Kings 21:26 And he did very abominably in following idols, according to all [things] as did the Amorites, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.
2 Kings 21:11 Because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these abominations, [and] hath done wickedly above all that the Amorites did, which [were] before him, and hath made Judah also to sin with his idols:


Ezra 9:1 Now when these things were done, the princes came to me, saying, The people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the people of the lands, [doing] according to their abominations, [even] of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites.
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Gn 11:25, 29; 15:16. Dt 20:17. Jsh 24:14. 1K 21:26. 2K 21:11. Ezr 9:1. Ne 9:7. Is 1:10; 51:1. Ezk 16:45; 21:30. Mt 3:7; 11:24. Lk 3:7. Jn 8:44. Ep 2:3. 1Jn 3:10.

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