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Ezekiel 15:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Son of man, what is the vine-tree more than any tree, the vine-branch which is among the trees of the forest?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Son of man, What is the vine tree more than any tree, [or than] a branch which is among the trees of the forest?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Son of man, how is the wood of the vine [better] than any wood of a branch which is among the trees of the forest?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Son of man, What is the vine-tree more than any tree, [or than] a branch which is among the trees of the forest?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Son of man, what is the wood of the vine more than any wood, the vine-branch, which is among the trees of the forest?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Son of man, What can the vine-tree be more than any other tree,—any, branch, which hath been found among the trees of the forest?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Son of man, What is the vine-tree more than any tree? The vine-branch that hath been, Among trees of the forest?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Son of man, what shall be made of the wood of the vine, out of all the trees of the woods that are among the trees of the forests?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Sonne of man, What is the Uine tree more then any tree, or [then] a branch which is among the trees of the forrest?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thou, son of man-- of all the wood, of the branches that are among the trees of the forest, what shall be made of the wood of the vine?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Son of man, What is the vine tree more than any tree, [or than] a branch which is among the trees of the forest?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of man, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
What x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
is x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
the vine 1612
{1612} Prime
גֶּפֶן
gephen
{gheh'-fen}
From an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape.
tree 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
more than any x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
tree, 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
[or than] a branch 2156
{2156} Prime
זְמוֹרָה
z@mowrah
{zem-o-raw'}
(Feminine) and (masculine): from H2168; a twig (as pruned).
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
is x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
among the trees 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
of the forest? 3293
{3293} Prime
יָעַר
ya`ar
{yah'-ar}
From an unused root probably meaning to thicken with verdure; a copse of bushes; hence a forest; hence honey in the comb (as hived in trees).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 15:2-3

_ _ What has the vine-wood to make it pre-eminent above other forest-wood? Nothing. Nay, the reverse. Other trees yield useful timber, but vine-wood is soft, brittle, crooked, and seldom large; not so much as a “pin” (the large wooden peg used inside houses in the East to hang household articles on, Isaiah 22:23-25) can be made of it. Its sole excellency is that it should bear fruit; when it does not bear fruit, it is not only not better, but inferior to other trees: so if God’s people lose their distinctive excellency by not bearing fruits of righteousness, they are more unprofitable than the worldly (Deuteronomy 32:32), for they are the vine; the sole end of their being is to bear fruit to His glory (Psalms 80:8, Psalms 80:9; Isaiah 5:1, etc.; Jeremiah 2:21; Hosea 10:1; Matthew 21:33). In all respects, except in their being planted by God, the Jews were inferior to other nations, as Egypt, Babylon, etc., for example, in antiquity, extent of territory, resources, military power, attainments in arts and sciences.

_ _ or than a branch — rather, in apposition with “the vine tree.” Omit “or than.” What superiority has the vine if it be but a branch among the trees of the forest, that is, if, as having no fruit, it lies cut down among other woods of trees?

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 15:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 15:2

The vine — tree — Israel is here compared to a vine, which, when fruitless, is utterly unprofitable. This the prophet minds them of to humble them, and awaken them to fruitfulness. A branch — One branch of a tree in the forest is of more use than the whole vine — tree is, except for its fruit.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 15:2

Son of man, What is the vine tree more than any tree, [or than] a branch which is among the (a) trees of the forest?

(a) Which brings forth no fruit, no more than the other trees of the forest do: meaning that if Jerusalem, which bore the name of his Church, did not bring forth fruit it would be utterly destroyed.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
What:
The vine is only noble and useful while producing fruit: for, when cut down, its wood is fit only for fuel. So Israel, having ceased to be fruitful, they are good for nothing, but, like a withered branch of a vine, to be burnt.
Deuteronomy 32:32-33 For their vine [is] of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes [are] grapes of gall, their clusters [are] bitter: ... Their wine [is] the poison of dragons, and the cruel venom of asps.
Psalms 80:8-16 Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it. ... [It is] burned with fire, [it is] cut down: they perish at the rebuke of thy countenance.
Song of Songs 2:13 The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines [with] the tender grape give a [good] smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.
Song of Songs 2:15 Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines [have] tender grapes.
Song of Songs 6:11 I went down into the garden of nuts to see the fruits of the valley, [and] to see whether the vine flourished, [and] the pomegranates budded.
Song of Songs 7:12 Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine flourish, [whether] the tender grape appear, [and] the pomegranates bud forth: there will I give thee my loves.
Song of Songs 8:11-12 Solomon had a vineyard at Baalhamon; he let out the vineyard unto keepers; every one for the fruit thereof was to bring a thousand [pieces] of silver. ... My vineyard, which [is] mine, [is] before me: thou, O Solomon, [must have] a thousand, and those that keep the fruit thereof two hundred.
Isaiah 5:1-7 Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill: ... For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
Jeremiah 2:21 Yet I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art thou turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto me?
Hosea 10:1 Israel [is] an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself: according to the multitude of his fruit he hath increased the altars; according to the goodness of his land they have made goodly images.
Matthew 21:33-41 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country: ... They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out [his] vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons.
Mark 12:1-9 And he began to speak unto them by parables. A [certain] man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about [it], and digged [a place for] the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country. ... What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others.
Luke 20:9-16 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time. ... He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard [it], they said, God forbid.
John 15:1-6 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. ... If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.

among:

Isaiah 44:23 Sing, O ye heavens; for the LORD hath done [it]: shout, ye lower parts of the earth: break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.
Micah 3:12 Therefore shall Zion for your sake be plowed [as] a field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps, and the mountain of the house as the high places of the forest.
Zechariah 11:2 Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled: howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:32. Ps 80:8. So 2:13, 15; 6:11; 7:12; 8:11. Is 5:1; 44:23. Jr 2:21. Ho 10:1. Mi 3:12. Zc 11:2. Mt 21:33. Mk 12:1. Lk 20:9. Jn 15:1.

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