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Ezekiel 14:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they should deliver but their own souls by their righteousness, saith the Lord Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they should deliver [but] their own souls by their righteousness, saith the Lord GOD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— even [though] these three men, Noah, Daniel and Job were in its midst, by their [own] righteousness they could [only] deliver themselves,” declares the Lord GOD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they should deliver their own souls only by their righteousness, saith the Lord GOD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, should be in it, they should deliver [but] their own souls by their righteousness, saith the Lord Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then, should these three men be in the midst thereof, Noah, Daniel, and Job, They, by their righteousness, should deliver their own lives—Declareth My Lord, Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and these three men have been in its midst, Noah, Daniel, and Job—they by their righteousness deliver their own soul—an affirmation of the Lord Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And if these three men, Noe, Daniel, and Job, shall be in it: they shall deliver their own souls by their justice, saith the Lord of hosts.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Though these three men, Noah, Daniel and Iob were in it, they should deliuer [but] their owne soules by their righteousnes, saith the Lord GOD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And though these three men should be in the midst of it, Noah{gr.Noe}, and Daniel, and Job, they [alone] should be delivered by their righteousness, saith the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Though these three men, Noach, Daniyyel, and Iyyov, were in it, they should deliver [but] their own souls by their righteousness, saith Adonay Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Though these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
three 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
men, y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
N נֹחַ, 5146
{5146} Prime
נֹחַ
Noach
{no'-akh}
The same as H5118; rest; Noach, the patriarch of the flood.
Dniyyl דָּנִיֵּאל, 1840
{1840} Prime
דָּנִיֵּאל
Daniye'l
{daw-nee-yale'}
From H1835 and H0410; judge of God; Daniel or Danijel, the name of two Israelites.
and Iyyv אִיּוֹב, 347
{0347} Prime
אִיּוֹב
'Iyowb
{ee-yobe'}
From H0340; hated (that is, persecuted); Ijob, the patriarch famous for his patience.
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in x8432
(8432) Complement
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
it, y8432
[8432] Standard
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
should deliver 5337
{5337} Prime
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
[but] their own souls 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
by their righteousness, 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
saith 5002
{5002} Prime
נְאֻם
n@'um
{neh-oom'}
From H5001; an oracle.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
ny אֲדֹנָי 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
Yhw יָהוֶה. 3069
{3069} Prime
יֱהוִה
Y@hovih
{yeh-ho-vee'}
A variation of H3068 (used after H0136, and pronounced by Jews as H0430, in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound, since they elsewhere pronounce H3068 as H0136).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 14:14

_ _ Noah, Daniel ... Job — specified in particular as having been saved from overwhelming calamities for their personal righteousness. Noah had the members of his family alone given to him, amidst the general wreck. Daniel saved from the fury of the king of Babylon the three youths (Daniel 2:17, Daniel 2:18, Daniel 2:48, Daniel 2:49). Though his prophecies mostly were later than those of Ezekiel, his fame for piety and wisdom was already established, and the events recorded in Daniel 1:1-2:49 had transpired. The Jews would naturally, in their fallen condition, pride themselves on one who reflected such glory on his nation at the heathen capital, and would build vain hopes (here set aside) on his influence in averting ruin from them. Thus the objection to the authenticity of Daniel from this passage vanishes. “Job” forms the climax (and is therefore put out of chronological order), having not even been left a son or a daughter, and having had himself to pass through an ordeal of suffering before his final deliverance, and therefore forming the most simple instance of the righteousness of God, which would save the righteous themselves alone in the nation, and that after an ordeal of suffering, but not spare even a son or daughter for their sake (Ezekiel 14:16, Ezekiel 14:18, Ezekiel 14:20; compare Jeremiah 7:16; Jeremiah 11:14; Jeremiah 14:11).

_ _ deliver ... souls by ... righteousness — (Proverbs 11:4); not the righteousness of works, but that of grace, a truth less clearly understood under the law (Romans 4:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 14:12-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 14:14

Noah — Who 'tis probable prevailed with God to spare the world for some years, and saved his near relations when the flood came. Daniel — Who prevailed for the life of the wise men of Chaldea. Job — Who daily offered sacrifice for his children, and at last reconciled God to those that had offended.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 14:14

Though these three men, (i) Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they should deliver their own souls only by their (k) righteousness, saith the Lord GOD.

(i) Though Noah and Job were now alive, which in their time were most godly men (for at this time Daniel was in captivity with Ezekiel) and so these three together would pray for this wicked people, yet I would not hear them, read (Jeremiah 15:1).

(k) Meaning, that a very few (which he calls the remnant, (Ezekiel 14:22)) would escape these plagues, whom God has sanctified and made righteous, so that this righteousness is a sign that they are the Church of God, whom he would preserve for his own sake.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
these:

Ezekiel 14:16 [Though] these three men [were] in it, [as] I live, saith the Lord GOD, they shall deliver neither sons nor daughters; they only shall be delivered, but the land shall be desolate.
Ezekiel 14:18 Though these three men [were] in it, [as] I live, saith the Lord GOD, they shall deliver neither sons nor daughters, but they only shall be delivered themselves.
Ezekiel 14:20 Though Noah, Daniel, and Job, [were] in it, [as] I live, saith the Lord GOD, they shall deliver neither son nor daughter; they shall [but] deliver their own souls by their righteousness.

Noah:

Genesis 6:8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.
Genesis 7:1 And the LORD said unto Noah, Come thou and all thy house into the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation.
Genesis 8:20-21 And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar. ... And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart [is] evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.
Hebrews 11:7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.

Daniel:

Ezekiel 28:3 Behold, thou [art] wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can hide from thee:
Daniel 9:21 Yea, whiles I [was] speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation.
Daniel 10:11 And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand upright: for unto thee am I now sent. And when he had spoken this word unto me, I stood trembling.

Job:

Job 1:5 And it was so, when the days of [their] feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings [according] to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually.
Job 42:8-9 Therefore take unto you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for you: for him will I accept: lest I deal with you [after your] folly, in that ye have not spoken of me [the thing which is] right, like my servant Job. ... So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite [and] Zophar the Naamathite went, and did according as the LORD commanded them: the LORD also accepted Job.
Jeremiah 7:16 Therefore pray not thou for this people, neither lift up cry nor prayer for them, neither make intercession to me: for I will not hear thee.
Jeremiah 11:14 Therefore pray not thou for this people, neither lift up a cry or prayer for them: for I will not hear [them] in the time that they cry unto me for their trouble.
Jeremiah 14:11-12 Then said the LORD unto me, Pray not for this people for [their] good. ... When they fast, I will not hear their cry; and when they offer burnt offering and an oblation, I will not accept them: but I will consume them by the sword, and by the famine, and by the pestilence.
Jeremiah 15:1 Then said the LORD unto me, Though Moses and Samuel stood before me, [yet] my mind [could] not [be] toward this people: cast [them] out of my sight, and let them go forth.

deliver:

Ezekiel 14:20 Though Noah, Daniel, and Job, [were] in it, [as] I live, saith the Lord GOD, they shall deliver neither son nor daughter; they shall [but] deliver their own souls by their righteousness.
Proverbs 11:4 Riches profit not in the day of wrath: but righteousness delivereth from death.
2 Peter 2:9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 6:8; 7:1; 8:20. Jb 1:5; 42:8. Pv 11:4. Jr 7:16; 11:14; 14:11; 15:1. Ezk 14:16, 18, 20; 28:3. Dn 9:21; 10:11. He 11:7. 2P 2:9.

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