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Ezekiel 13:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and say, Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Woe to the women that sew pillows upon all elbows, and make kerchiefs for the head of [persons of] every stature to hunt souls! Will ye hunt the souls of my people, and save souls alive for yourselves?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the [women] that sew pillows to all armholes, and make kerchiefs upon the head of every stature to hunt souls! Will ye hunt the souls of my people, and will ye save the souls alive [that come] unto you?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “Woe to the women who sew [magic] bands on all wrists and make veils for the heads of [persons] of every stature to hunt down lives! Will you hunt down the lives of My people, but preserve the lives [of others] for yourselves?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the [women] that sew pillows to all arm-holes, and make kerchiefs upon the head of every stature to hunt souls! Will ye hunt the souls of my people, and will ye save the souls alive [that come] to you?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and say, Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Woe unto the women that sew pillows for all wrists, and that make veils for the head [of persons] of every stature to catch souls! Will ye catch the souls of my people, and will ye save your own souls alive?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and say, Thus, saith My Lord, Yahweh, Alas! for the women, Who sew oracle-cases on all elbows, And prepare wraps upon the head of every stature, to hunt souls,—The souls ye hunt, are those of my people, Whereas, your own [souls], ye keep alive.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And thou hast said: Thus said the Lord Jehovah: Woe to those sowing pillows for all joints of the arm, And to those making the kerchiefs For the head of every stature—to hunt souls, The souls do ye hunt of My people? And the souls ye have do ye keep alive?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And say: Thus saith the Lord God: Woe to them that sew cushions under every elbow: and make pillows for the heads of persons of every age to catch souls: and when they caught the souls of my people, they gave life to their souls.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the [women] that sow pillowes to all arme holes, and make kerchiefes vpon the head of euery stature to hunt soules: Will ye hunt the soules of my people, and will yee saue the soules aliue [that come] vnto you?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thou shalt say, Thus saith the Lord, Woe to the [women] that sew pillows under every elbow, and make kerchiefs on the head of every stature to pervert souls! The souls of my people are perverted, and they have saved souls alive.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And say, Thus saith Adonay Yahweh; Woe to the [women] that sew pillows to all armholes, and make kerchiefs upon the head of every stature to hunt souls! Will ye hunt the souls of my people, and will ye save the souls alive [that come] unto you?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And say, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Thus x3541
(3541) Complement
כֹּה
koh
{ko}
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
ny אֲדֹנָי 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
Yhw יָהוֶה; 3069
{3069} Prime
יֱהוִה
Y@hovih
{yeh-ho-vee'}
A variation of H3068 (used after H0136, and pronounced by Jews as H0430, in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound, since they elsewhere pronounce H3068 as H0136).
Woe 1945
{1945} Prime
הוֹי
howy
{hoh'ee}
A prolonged form of H1930 (akin to H0188); oh!.
to the [women] that sew 8609
{8609} Prime
תָּפַר
taphar
{taw-far'}
A primitive root; to sew.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
pillows 3704
{3704} Prime
כֶּסֶת
keceth
{keh'-seth}
From H3680; a cushion or pillow (as covering a seat or bed).
to x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
armholes, 679
{0679} Prime
אַצִּילָה
'atstsiyl
{ats-tseel'}
From H0680 (in its primary sense of uniting); a joint of the hand (that is, knuckle); also (according to some) a partywall (Ezekiel 41:8).
3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
and make 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
kerchiefs 4555
{4555} Prime
מִסְפָּחָה
micpachah
{mis-paw-khaw'}
From H5596; a veil (as spread out).
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the head 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
of every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
stature 6967
{6967} Prime
קוֹמָה
qowmah
{ko-maw'}
From H6965; height.
to hunt 6679
{6679} Prime
צוּד
tsuwd
{tsood}
A primitive root; to lie alongside (that is, in wait); by implication to catch an animal (figuratively men); (denominative from H6718) to victual (for a journey).
z8780
<8780> Grammar
Stem - Poel (See H8845)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 5
souls! 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
Will ye hunt 6679
{6679} Prime
צוּד
tsuwd
{tsood}
A primitive root; to lie alongside (that is, in wait); by implication to catch an animal (figuratively men); (denominative from H6718) to victual (for a journey).
z8779
<8779> Grammar
Stem - Poel (See H8845)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 29
the souls 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
of my people, 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
and will ye save y2421
[2421] Standard
חָיַה
chayah
{khaw-yaw'}
A prim root (compare H2331, H2424); to live, whether literally or figuratively; causatively to revive.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
the souls y5315
[5315] Standard
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
alive 2421
{2421} Prime
חָיַה
chayah
{khaw-yaw'}
A prim root (compare H2331, H2424); to live, whether literally or figuratively; causatively to revive.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x5315
(5315) Complement
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
[that come] unto you?
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 13:18

_ _ sew pillows to ... armholes — rather, elbows and wrists, for which the false prophetesses made cushions to lean on, as a symbolical act, typifying the perfect tranquility which they foretold to those consulting them. Perhaps they made their dupes rest on these cushions in a fancied state of ecstasy after they had made them at first stand (whence the expression, “every stature,” is used for “men of every age”). As the men are said to have built a wall (Ezekiel 13:10), so the women are said to sew pillows, etc., both alike typifying the “peace” they promised the impenitent.

_ _ make kerchiefs — magical veils, which they put over the heads of those consulting them, as if to fit them for receiving a response, that they might be rapt in spiritual trance above the world.

_ _ head of every stature — “men of every age,” old and young, great and small, if only these had pay to offer them.

_ _ hunt souls — eagerly trying to allure them to the love of yourselves (Proverbs 6:26; 2 Peter 2:14), so as unwarily to become your prey.

_ _ will ye save ... souls ... that come unto you — Will ye haul after souls, and when they are yours (“come unto you”), will ye promise them life? “Save” is explained (Ezekiel 13:22), “promising life” [Grotius]. Calvin explains, “Will ye hunt My people’s souls and yet will ye save your own souls”; I, the Lord God, will not allow it. But “save” is used (Ezekiel 13:19) of the false prophetesses promising life to the impenitent, so that English Version and Grotius explain it best.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 13:17-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 13:18

Sew pillows — A figurative speech, expressing the security, which they promised to every one that came to them. Kerchiefs — Triumphal caps, which were made by these prophetesses, and put upon the head of every who one consulted them, and by these they were to interpret, as a promise of victory over the Babylonians. Stature — That is, of every age, whether younger or elder, which usually is seen by their stature. To hunt — All this is really spreading a net, as hunters do, to catch the prey. Will ye save — Can you preserve them alive, whom you deceive by your promises?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 13:18

And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the [women] that sew (i) [magic] charms upon all wrists, and make kerchiefs upon the head of every stature to hunt souls! Will ye hunt the souls of my people, and will ye save the souls alive [that come] to you?

(i) These superstitious women for money would prophecy and tell every man his fortune giving them pillows to lean on, and kerchiefs to cover their heads, to the intent they might the more allure them and bewitch them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Woe:

Ezekiel 13:3 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing!

that sew:
Rather,"that fasten cushions;" by which they intimated that they might indulge and repose themselves in security, for no enemy would disturb them. The apartments of the easterns are well supplied with cushions, on which they sit, lean, rest their heads, and prop up their arms.
Ezekiel 13:10 Because, even because they have seduced my people, saying, Peace; and [there was] no peace; and one built up a wall, and, lo, others daubed it with untempered [morter]:
Ezekiel 13:16 [To wit], the prophets of Israel which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and which see visions of peace for her, and [there is] no peace, saith the Lord GOD.
Jeremiah 4:10 Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! surely thou hast greatly deceived this people and Jerusalem, saying, Ye shall have peace; whereas the sword reacheth unto the soul.
Jeremiah 6:14 They have healed also the hurt [of the daughter] of my people slightly, saying, Peace, peace; when [there is] no peace.
2 Timothy 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;

armholes:
or, elbows

hunt souls:

Ezekiel 22:25 [There is] a conspiracy of her prophets in the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the treasure and precious things; they have made her many widows in the midst thereof.
Ephesians 4:14 That we [henceforth] be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, [and] cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:

will ye save:

Ezekiel 13:22 Because with lies ye have made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not made sad; and strengthened the hands of the wicked, that he should not return from his wicked way, by promising him life:
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Jr 4:10; 6:14. Ezk 13:3, 10, 16, 22; 22:25. Ep 4:14. 2Ti 4:3. 2P 2:14.

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