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Ezekiel 10:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— This is the living creature that I saw under the God of Israel by the river Chebar; and I knew that they were cherubim.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— This [is] the living creature that I saw under the God of Israel by the river of Chebar; and I knew that they [were] the cherubims.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— These are the living beings that I saw beneath the God of Israel by the river Chebar; so I knew that they [were] cherubim.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— This [is] the living creature that I saw under the God of Israel by the river of Kebar; and I knew that they [were] the cherubim.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— This is the living creature that I saw under the God of Israel by the river Chebar; and I knew that they were cherubim.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The same, was the living one, which I saw under the God of Israel, by the river Chebar,—then knew I that, cherubim, they were.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— It [is] the living creature that I saw under the God of Israel by the river Chebar, and I know that they are cherubs.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— This is the living creature, which I saw under the God of Israel by the river Chobar: and I understood that they were cherubims.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— This [is] the liuing creature that I saw vnder the God of Israel, by the riuer of Chebar, and I knew that they [were] the Cherubims.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— This is the living creature which I saw under the God of Israel by the river of Chebar{gr.Chobar}; and I knew that they were cherubs.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— This [is] the living creature that I saw under the Elohim of Yisrael by the river of Kevar; and I knew that they [were] the cherubims.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
This x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is] the living creature 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
I saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
under x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
the lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
by the river 5104
{5104} Prime
נָהָר
nahar
{naw-hawr'}
From H5102; a stream (including the sea; especially the Nile, Euphrates, etc.); figuratively, prosperity.
of Cvr כְּבָר; 3529
{3529} Prime
כְּבָר
K@bar
{keb-awr'}
The same as H3528; length; Kebar, a river of Mesopotamia.
and I knew 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
[were] the cherubims. 3742
{3742} Prime
כְּרוּב
k@ruwb
{ker-oob'}
Of uncertain derivation; a cherub or imaginary figure.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 10:20

_ _ I knew ... cherubim — By the second sight of the cherubim, he learned to identify them with the angelic forms situated above the ark of the covenant in the temple, which as a priest, he “knew” about from the high priest.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 10:8-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 10:20

I knew — Either by special assurance as a prophet, or by comparing them with those which he had often seen in the temple.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 10:20

This [is] the (i) living being that I saw under the God of Israel by the river of Chebar; and I knew that they [were] the cherubim.

(i) That is, the whole body of the four beasts or cherubims.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the living:

Ezekiel 10:15 And the cherubims were lifted up. This [is] the living creature that I saw by the river of Chebar.
Ezekiel 1:22-28 And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature [was] as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above. ... As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so [was] the appearance of the brightness round about. This [was] the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw [it], I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake.
Ezekiel 3:23 Then I arose, and went forth into the plain: and, behold, the glory of the LORD stood there, as the glory which I saw by the river of Chebar: and I fell on my face.

the river:

Ezekiel 1:1 Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth [month], in the fifth [day] of the month, as I [was] among the captives by the river of Chebar, [that] the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.

and I:

1 Kings 6:29-35 And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, within and without. ... And he carved [thereon] cherubims and palm trees and open flowers: and covered [them] with gold fitted upon the carved work.
1 Kings 7:36 For on the plates of the ledges thereof, and on the borders thereof, he graved cherubims, lions, and palm trees, according to the proportion of every one, and additions round about.
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1K 6:29; 7:36. Ezk 1:1, 22; 3:23; 10:15.

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