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Ezekiel 1:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance: they had the likeness of a man.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Also out of the midst thereof [came] the likeness of four living creatures. And this [was] their appearance; they had the likeness of a man.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Within it there were figures resembling four living beings. And this was their appearance: they had human form.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Also from the midst of it [came] the likeness of four living creatures. And this [was] their appearance; they had the likeness of a man.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Also out of the midst thereof, the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance: they had the likeness of a man.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, out of the midst thereof, a likeness of four living ones,—and, this, was their appearance, the likeness of a man, had they;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And out of its midst [is] a likeness of four living creatures, and this [is] their appearance; a likeness of man [is] to them,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And in the midst thereof the likeness of four living creatures: and this was their appearance: there was the likeness of a man in them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Also out of the midst thereof [came] the likenesse of foure liuing creatures, and this [was] their appearance: they had the likenesse of a man.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And in the midst as it were the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance; the likeness of a man was upon them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Also out of the midst thereof [came] the likeness of four living creatures. And this [was] their appearance; they had the likeness of a man.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Also out of the midst 8432
{8432} Prime
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
thereof [came] the likeness 1823
{1823} Prime
דְּמוּת
d@muwth
{dem-ooth'}
From H1819; resemblance; concretely model, shape; adverbially like.
of four 702
{0702} Prime
אַרְבַּע
'arba`
{ar-bah'}
The second form is the masculine form; from H7251; four.
living creatures. 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
And this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
[was] their appearance; 4758
{4758} Prime
מַרְאֶה
mar'eh
{mar-eh'}
From H7200; a view (the act of seeing); also an appearance (the thing seen), whether (real) a shape (especially if handsome, comeliness; often plural the looks), or (mental) a vision.
they 2007
{2007} Prime
הֵנָּה
hennah
{hane'-naw}
Prolonged for H2004; themselves (often used emphatically for the copula, also in indirect relation).
had the likeness 1823
{1823} Prime
דְּמוּת
d@muwth
{dem-ooth'}
From H1819; resemblance; concretely model, shape; adverbially like.
of a man. 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 1:5

_ _ Ezekiel was himself of a “gigantic nature, and thereby suited to counteract the Babylonish spirit of the times, which loved to manifest itself in gigantic, grotesque forms” [Hengstenberg].

_ _ living creatures — So the Greek ought to have been translated in the parallel passage, Revelation 4:6, not as English Version, “beasts”; for one of the “four” is a man, and man cannot be termed “beast.” Ezekiel 10:20 shows that it is the cherubim that are meant.

_ _ likeness of a man — Man, the noblest of the four, is the ideal model after which they are fashioned (Ezekiel 1:10; Ezekiel 10:14). The point of comparison between him and them is the erect posture of their bodies, though doubtless including also the general mien. Also the hands (Ezekiel 10:21).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 1:4-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 1:5

The likeness — Such a representation of the holy angels as God saw fit to make use of, came out of the midst of the fire: for angels derive their being and power from God: their glory is a ray of his.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ezekiel 1:5

Also from the midst of it [came] the likeness of (f) four living beings. And this [was] their appearance; they had the likeness of a man.

(f) Which were the four Cherubims that represented the glory of God, as in (Ezekiel 11:22).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the likeness:

Revelation 4:6 And before the throne [there was] a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, [were] four beasts full of eyes before and behind.
Revelation 6:6 And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny; and [see] thou hurt not the oil and the wine.
*Gr.
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Rv 4:6; 6:6.

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