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Ezekiel 1:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went; thither was the spirit to go: and the wheels were lifted up beside them; for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither [was their] spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature [was] in the wheels.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Wherever the spirit was about to go, they would go in that direction. And the wheels rose close beside them; for the spirit of the living beings [was] in the wheels.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither [was their] spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature [was] in the wheels.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Whithersoever the Spirit was to go, they went, thither would [their] spirit go; and the wheels were lifted up along with them: for the spirit of the living creature was in the wheels.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— whithersoever the spirit was minded to go, they went—thither, was the spirit minded to go,—and, the wheels, would be lifted up along with them, for, the spirit of the living one, was in the wheels:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Whither the spirit is to go, they go, thither the spirit [is] to go, and the wheels are lifted up over-against them, for a living spirit [is] in the wheels.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Withersoever the spirit went, thither as the spirit went the wheels also were lifted up withal, and followed it: for the spirit of life was in the wheels.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Whithersoeuer the spirit [was] to goe, they went, thither [was their] spirit to goe, and the wheeles were lifted vp ouer against them: for the spirit of the liuing creature [was] in the wheeles.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Wherever the cloud happened to be, there was the spirit ready to go: the wheels went and were lifted up with them; because the spirit of life was in the wheels.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither [was their] spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them: for the spirit of the living creature [was] in the wheels.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Whithersoever x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
the spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
to go, y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
they went, y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
thither x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
[was their] spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
to go; y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
and the wheels 212
{0212} Prime
אוֹפָן
'owphan
{o-fawn'}
From an unused root meaning to revolve; a wheel.
were lifted up 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
over against 5980
{5980} Prime
לְעֻמַּתה
`ummah
{oom-maw'}
From H6004; conjunction, that is, society; mostly adverbial or prepositional (with prepositional prefix), near, beside, along with.
them: for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of the living creature 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
[was] in the wheels. 212
{0212} Prime
אוֹפָן
'owphan
{o-fawn'}
From an unused root meaning to revolve; a wheel.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 1:20

_ _ the spirit was to go — that is, their will was for going whithersoever the Spirit was for going.

_ _ over against them — rather, beside or in conjunction with them.

_ _ spirit of the living creature — put collectively for “the living creatures”; the cherubim. Having first viewed them separately, he next views them in the aggregate as the composite living creature in which the Spirit resided. The life intended is that connected with God, holy, spiritual life, in the plenitude of its active power.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 1:15-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 1:20

The spirit — The Spirit of God. These angels in their ministry punctually observed both his impulse and conduct. They — The wheels, inferior agents and second causes. Their spirit — The wheels concurred with the spirit of the living creatures, so that there was an hearty accord between those superior and inferior causes. For — An undiscerned, yet divine, mighty, wise, and ever — living power, spirit, and being, actuated all, and governed all.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the spirit:

Ezekiel 1:12 And they went every one straight forward: whither the spirit was to go, they went; [and] they turned not when they went.
1 Corinthians 14:32 And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets.

for the:

Ezekiel 10:17 When they stood, [these] stood; and when they were lifted up, [these] lifted up themselves [also]: for the spirit of the living creature [was] in them.
Zechariah 6:1-8 And I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came four chariots out from between two mountains; and the mountains [were] mountains of brass. ... Then cried he upon me, and spake unto me, saying, Behold, these that go toward the north country have quieted my spirit in the north country.

of the living creature:
or, of life
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Ezk 1:12; 10:17. Zc 6:1. 1Co 14:32.

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