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Ezekiel 1:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— As for their rims, they were high and dreadful; and they four had their rims full of eyes round about.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rings [were] full of eyes round about them four.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— As for their rims they were lofty and awesome, and the rims of all four of them were full of eyes round about.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— As for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rings [were] full of eyes around them four.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— As for their rims, they were high and dreadful; and they four had their rims full of eyes round about.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As for their rings, they were so high, that they were terrible,—and, their rings full of eyes round about, had they four.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As to their rings, they are both high and fearful, and their rings [are] full of eyes round about them four.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The wheels had also a size, and a height, and a dreadful appearance: and the whole body was full of eyes round about all the four.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As for their rings, they were so high, that they were dreadful, and their rings were full of eyes round about them foure.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— neither did their backs [turn]: and they were high: and I beheld them, and the backs of them four were full of eyes round about.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— As for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rings [were] full of eyes round about them four.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As for their rings, 1354
{1354} Prime
גַּב
gab
{gab}
From an unused root meaning to hollow or curve; the back (as rounded (compare H1460 and H1479); by analogy the top or rim, a boss, a vault, arch of eye, bulwarks, etc.
they were so high 1363
{1363} Prime
גֹּבַהּ
gobahh
{go'-bah}
From H1361; elation, grandeur, arrogance.
that they were dreadful; 3374
{3374} Prime
יִרְאָה
yir'ah
{yir-aw'}
Feminine of H3373; fear (also used as infinitive); morally reverence.
and their rings 1354
{1354} Prime
גַּב
gab
{gab}
From an unused root meaning to hollow or curve; the back (as rounded (compare H1460 and H1479); by analogy the top or rim, a boss, a vault, arch of eye, bulwarks, etc.
[were] full 4392
{4392} Prime
מָלֵא
male'
{maw-lay'}
From H4390; full (literally or figuratively) or filling (literally); also (concretely) fulness; adverbially fully.
of eyes 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
round about 5439
{5439} Prime
סָבִיב
cabiyb
{saw-beeb'}
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
them four. 702
{0702} Prime
אַרְבַּע
'arba`
{ar-bah'}
The second form is the masculine form; from H7251; four.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 1:18

_ _ rings — that is, felloes or circumferences of the wheels.

_ _ eyes — The multiplicity of eyes here in the wheels, and Ezekiel 10:12, in the cherubim themselves, symbolizes the plenitude of intelligent life, the eye being the window through which “the spirit of the living creatures” in the wheels (Ezekiel 1:20) looks forth (compare Zechariah 4:10). As the wheels signify the providence of God, so the eyes imply that He sees all the circumstances of each case, and does nothing by blind impulse.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 1:15-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 1:18

The rings — The circumference of the wheels. Dreadful — Their very height imprest a fear on the beholder. Them four — Every one of the four wheels. How fitly do the wheels, their motion, their height, and eyes, signify the height, unsearchableness, wisdom, and vigilance of the Divine Providence.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they were so:

Job 37:22-24 Fair weather cometh out of the north: with God [is] terrible majesty. ... Men do therefore fear him: he respecteth not any [that are] wise of heart.
Psalms 77:16-19 The waters saw thee, O God, the waters saw thee; they were afraid: the depths also were troubled. ... Thy way [is] in the sea, and thy path in the great waters, and thy footsteps are not known.
Psalms 97:2-5 Clouds and darkness [are] round about him: righteousness and judgment [are] the habitation of his throne. ... The hills melted like wax at the presence of the LORD, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth.
Isaiah 55:9 For [as] the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.

rings:
or, stakes

full:

Ezekiel 10:12 And their whole body, and their backs, and their hands, and their wings, and the wheels, [were] full of eyes round about, [even] the wheels that they four had.
Proverbs 15:3 The eyes of the LORD [are] in every place, beholding the evil and the good.
Zechariah 4:10 For who hath despised the day of small things? for they shall rejoice, and shall see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel [with] those seven; they [are] the eyes of the LORD, which run to and fro through the whole earth.
Revelation 4:6 And before the throne [there was] a sea of glass like unto crystal: and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, [were] four beasts full of eyes before and behind.
Revelation 4:8 And the four beasts had each of them six wings about [him]; and [they were] full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 37:22. Ps 77:16; 97:2. Pv 15:3. Is 55:9. Ezk 10:12. Zc 4:10. Rv 4:6, 8.

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