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Exodus 9:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the flax and the barley were smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was in bloom.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley [was] in the ear, and the flax [was] bolled.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— (Now the flax and the barley were ruined, for the barley was in the ear and the flax was in bud.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the flax and the barley were smitten: for the barley [was] in the ear, and the flax [was] bolled.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the flax and the barley were smitten; for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, the flax and the barley, were smitten,—for, the barley, was in the ear, and, the flax, was in flower;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the flax and the barley have been smitten, for the barley [is] budding, and the flax forming flowers,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The flax therefore, and the barley were hurt, because the barley was green, and the flax was now bolled;
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the flaxe, and the barley was smitten: for the barley [was] in the eare, and the flaxe [was] bolled:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the flax and the barley were smitten, for the barley was advanced, and the flax was seeding.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley [was] in the ear, and the flax [was] bolled.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the flax 6594
{6594} Prime
פִּשְׁתָּה
pishtah
{pish-taw'}
Feminine of H6593; flax; by implication a wick.
and the barley 8184
{8184} Prime
שְׂעֹרָה
s@`orah
{seh-o-raw'}
(The feminine form meaning the plant and the masculine form meaning the grain (second form)); from H8175 in the sense of roughness; barley (as villose).
was smitten: 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8795
<8795> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 199
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the barley 8184
{8184} Prime
שְׂעֹרָה
s@`orah
{seh-o-raw'}
(The feminine form meaning the plant and the masculine form meaning the grain (second form)); from H8175 in the sense of roughness; barley (as villose).
[was] in the ear, 24
{0024} Prime
אָבִיב
'abiyb
{aw-beeb'}
From an unused root (meaning to be tender); green, that is a young ear of grain; hence the name of the month Abib or Nisan.
and the flax 6594
{6594} Prime
פִּשְׁתָּה
pishtah
{pish-taw'}
Feminine of H6593; flax; by implication a wick.
[was] bolled. 1392
{1392} Prime
גִּבְעֹל
gib`ol
{ghib-ole'}
Prolonged H1375; the calyx of a flower.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 9:27-35.


Exodus 9:31-32

_ _ the flax and the barley was smitten, etc. — The peculiarities that are mentioned in these cereal products arise from the climate and physical constitution of Egypt. In that country flax and barley are almost ripe when wheat and rye (spelt) are green. And hence the flax must have been “bolled” — that is, risen in stalk or podded in February, thus fixing the particular month when the event took place. Barley ripens about a month earlier than wheat. Flax and barley are generally ripe in March, wheat and rye (properly, spelt) in April.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 9:22-35.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
flax:
The word pishteh, flax, Mr. Parkhurst thinks may be derived from pashat, to strip, because the substance which we call flax is properly the filaments of the bark or rind of the vegetable, stripped off the stalks. From time immemorial, Egypt was celebrated for the production and manufacture of flax; and hence the linen and fine linen of Egypt, so often spoken of in scripture and ancient authors.

the barley:
The Hebrew seorah, barley, in Arabic shair, and shairat, is so called from its rough, bristly beard, with which the ears are covered and defended; from saâr, to stand on end as the hair of the head. Hence seâr, the hair of the head. So its Latin name hordeum is from horreo, to stand on end as the hair. Dr. Pococke has observed that there is a double seed time and harvest in Egypt; rice, India wheat, and a grain called the corn of Damascus, are sown and reaped at a very different time from wheat, barley, and flax. The first are sown in March, before the overflowing of the Nile, and reaped about October; whereas the wheat and barley are sown in November and December, as soon as the Nile has gone off, and reaped before May.
Ruth 1:22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.
Ruth 2:23 So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother in law.
Amos 4:9 I have smitten you with blasting and mildew: when your gardens and your vineyards and your fig trees and your olive trees increased, the palmerworm devoured [them]: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
Habakkuk 3:17 Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither [shall] fruit [be] in the vines; the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and [there shall be] no herd in the stalls:
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Ru 1:22; 2:23. Am 4:9. Hab 3:17.

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