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Exodus 40:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the cloud of Jehovah was upon the tabernacle by day, and there was fire therein by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the cloud of the LORD [was] upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For throughout all their journeys, the cloud of the LORD was on the tabernacle by day, and there was fire in it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the cloud of the LORD [was] upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the cloud of Jehovah was on the tabernacle by day, and fire was in it by night, before the eyes of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, the cloud of Yahweh, was upon the habitation, by day, and, a fire, came to be, by night, therein,—in the sight of all the house of Israel, in all their journeyings.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for the cloud of Jehovah [is] on the tabernacle by day, and fire is in it by night, before the eyes of all the house of Israel in all their journeys.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the cloud of the Lord hung over the tabernacle by day, and a fire by night, in the sight of all the children of Israel throughout all their mansions.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the cloud of the LORD [was] vpon the Tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their iourneys.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For a cloud was on the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night before all Israel, in all their journeyings.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For the cloud of Yahweh [was] upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Yisrael, throughout all their journeys.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the cloud 6051
{6051} Prime
עֲנָן
`anan
{aw-nawn'}
From H6049; a cloud (as covering the sky), that is, the nimbus or thunder cloud.
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[was] upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the tabernacle 4908
{4908} Prime
מִשְׁכָּן
mishkan
{mish-kawn'}
From H7931; a residence (including a shepherd's hut, the lair of animals, figuratively the grave; also the Temple); specifically the Tabernacle (properly its wooden walls).
by day, 3119
{3119} Prime
יוֹמָם
yowmam
{yo-mawm'}
From H3117; daily.
and fire 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
on it by night, 3915
{3915} Prime
לַיִל
layil
{lah'-yil}
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
in the sight 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
of all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
throughout all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
their journeys. 4550
{4550} Prime
מַסַּע
macca`
{mas-sah'}
From H5265; a departure (from striking the tents), that is, march (not necessarily a single day's travel); by implication a station (or point of departure).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 40:38

_ _ the cloud of the Lord was upon the tabernacle, etc. — While it had hitherto appeared sometimes in one place, sometimes in another, it was now found on the tabernacle only; so that from the moment that sanctuary was erected, and the glory of the Lord had filled the sacred edifice, the Israelites had to look to the place which God had chosen to put His name there, in order that they might enjoy the benefit of a heavenly Guide (Numbers 9:15-23). In like manner, the church had divine revelation for its guide from the first — long before the Word of God existed in a written form; but ever since the setting up of that sacred canon, it rests on that as its tabernacle and there only is it to be found. It accompanies us wherever we are or go, just as the cloud led the way of the Israelites. It is always accessible and can be carried in our pockets when we walk abroad; it may be engraved on the inner tablets of our memories and our hearts; and so true, faithful, and complete a guide is it, that there is not a scene of duty or of trial through which we may be called to pass in the world, but it furnishes a clear, a safe, and unerring direction (Colossians 3:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 40:34-38.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 40:38

For (h) the cloud of the LORD [was] upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.

(h) Thus the presence of God preserved and guided them night and day, till they came to the land promised.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the cloud:

Exodus 13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:
Numbers 9:15 And on the day that the tabernacle was reared up the cloud covered the tabernacle, [namely], the tent of the testimony: and at even there was upon the tabernacle as it were the appearance of fire, until the morning.

fire:

Psalms 78:14 In the daytime also he led them with a cloud, and all the night with a light of fire.
Psalms 105:39 He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.
Isaiah 4:5-6 And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory [shall be] a defence. ... And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the daytime from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and from rain.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 13:21. Nu 9:15. Ps 78:14; 105:39. Is 4:5.

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