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Exodus 39:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, the work of the skilful workman.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut [it into] wires, to work [it] in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, [with] cunning work.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then they hammered out gold sheets and cut [them] into threads to be woven in [with] the blue and the purple and the scarlet [material], and the fine linen, the work of a skillful workman.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they beat the gold into thin plates, and cut [it into] wires, to work [it] in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, [with] curious work.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it [into] wires, to work it artistically into the blue, and into the purple, and into the scarlet, and into the byssus.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they did beat out the plates of gold, and he proceeded to cut them into threads, to work into the midst of the blue, and into the midst of the purple, and into the midst of the crimson, and into the midst of the fine linen,—with the work of a skilful weaver.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they expand the plates of gold, and have cut off wires to work in the midst of the blue, and in the midst of the purple, and in the midst of the scarlet, and in the midst of the linen—work of a designer;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— With embroidered work, and he cut thin plates of gold, and drew them small into threads, that they might be twisted with the woof of the foresaid colours,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they did beate the golde into thinne plates, and cut it into wiers, to worke it in the blew, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linnen, with cunning worke.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the plates were divided, the threads of gold, so as to interweave with the blue and purple, and with the spun scarlet, and the fine linen twined, they made it a woven work;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut [it into] wires, to work [it] in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, [with] cunning work.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they did beat 7554
{7554} Prime
רָקַע
raqa`
{raw-kah'}
A primitive root; to pound the earth (as a sign of passion); by analogy to expand (by hammering); by implication to overlay (with thin sheets of metal).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the gold 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
into y854
[0854] Standard
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
thin plates, 6341
{6341} Prime
פַּח
pach
{pakh}
From H6351; a (metallic) sheet (as pounded thin); also a spring net (as spread out like a lamina).
and cut 7112
{7112} Prime
קָצַץ
qatsats
{kaw-tsats'}
A primitive root; to chop off (literally or figuratively).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
[it into] wires, 6616
{6616} Prime
פָּתִיל
pathiyl
{paw-theel'}
From H6617; twine.
to work 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
y8432
[8432] Standard
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
[it] in x8432
(8432) Complement
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
the blue, 8504
{8504} Prime
תְּכֵלֶת
t@keleth
{tek-ay'-leth}
Probably for H7827; the cerulean mussel, that is, the color (violet) obtained therefrom or stuff dyed therewith.
and in x8432
(8432) Complement
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
the purple, 713
{0713} Prime
אַרְגָּמָן
'argaman
{ar-gaw-mawn'}
Of foreign origin; purple (the color or the dyed stuff).
and in x8432
(8432) Complement
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
the scarlet, 8144
{8144} Prime
שָׁנִי
shaniy
{shaw-nee'}
Of uncertain derivation; crimson, properly the insect or its color, also stuff dyed with it.
8438
{8438} Prime
תּוֹלָע
towla`
{to-law'}
From H3216; a maggot (as voracious); specifically (often with ellipsis of H8144) the crimson grub, but used only (in this connection) of the color from it, and cloths dyed therewith.
and in x8432
(8432) Complement
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
the fine linen, 8336
{8336} Prime
שֵׁשׁ
shesh
{shaysh}
(The second form for alliteration with H4897); for H7893; bleached stuff, that is, white linen or (by analogy) marble.
[with] cunning 2803
{2803} Prime
חָשַׁב
chashab
{khaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
work. 4639
{4639} Prime
מַעֲשֶׂה
ma`aseh
{mah-as-eh'}
From H6213; an action (good or bad); generally a transaction; abstractly activity; by implication a product (specifically a poem) or (generally) property.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 39:3

_ _ cut the gold into wires to work it — that is, the metal was beaten with a hammer into thin plates, cut with scissors or some other instrument into long slips, then rounded into filaments or threads. “Cloth of golden tissue is not uncommon on the monuments, and specimens of it have been found rolled about mummies; but it is not easy to determine whether the gold thread was originally interwoven or subsequently inserted by the embroiderer” [Taylor].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 39:1-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cunning work:

Exodus 26:1 Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle [with] ten curtains [of] fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: [with] cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them.
Exodus 36:8 And every wise hearted man among them that wrought the work of the tabernacle made ten curtains [of] fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: [with] cherubims of cunning work made he them.
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Ex 26:1; 36:8.

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