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Exodus 39:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and the third row, a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and the third row, a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the third row, an opal, an agate, and an amethyst;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, the third row,—an opal, an agate, and an amethyst;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the third row an opal, an agate, and an amethyst;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In the third, a ligurius, an agate, and an amethyst.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the third row a Lygure, an Agate, and an Amethist.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and the third row, a ligure and agate and amethyst;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the third 7992
{7992} Prime
Ordinal from H7969; third; feminine a third (part); by extension a third (day, year or time); specifically a third story cell).
row, 2905
{2905} Prime
From an unused root meaning to range in a regular manner; a row; hence a wall.
a ligure, 3958
{3958} Prime
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; a gem, perhaps the jacinth.
an agate, 7618
{7618} Prime
From an unused root (probably identical with that of H7617 through the idea of subdivision into flashes or streamers (compare H7632)) meaning to flame; a gem (from its sparkle), probably the agate.
and an amethyst. 306
{0306} Prime
Perhaps from H2492 (and thus dream stone); a gem, probably the amethyst.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 39:1-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 39:12

And the third row, (c) a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.

(c) Or, a turkeis, a stone which the authors write comes from the urine of the Lynx.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a ligure:
Leshem, the ligure, the same as the jacinth, or hyacinth, a precious stone of a deep red, with a considerable tinge of yellow. Theophrastus and Pliny say it resembles the carbuncle, of a brightness sparkling like fire.

an agate:
Shevo, the agate, a semi-pellucid compound gem, formed of different simple minerals, as chalcedony, cornelian, jasper. horn-stone, quartz, amethyst, opal, etc.; joined irregularly or in layers. It is of a white, reddish, yellowish, or greenish ground; and so variously figured in its substance as to represent plants, trees, animals, and other objects.

an amethyst:
Achlamah, an amethyst, a transparent gem, composed of a strong blue and deep red; and according as either prevails, affording different tinges of purple, sometimes approaching to violet, and sometimes even fading to a pale rose colour.
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