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Exodus 38:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he made the laver of brass, and the base thereof of brass, of the mirrors of the ministering women that ministered at the door of the tent of meeting.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he made the laver [of] brass, and the foot of it [of] brass, of the lookingglasses of [the women] assembling, which assembled [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Moreover, he made the laver of bronze with its base of bronze, from the mirrors of the serving women who served at the doorway of the tent of meeting.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he made the laver [of] brass, and the foot of it [of] brass, of the looking-glasses of [the women] assembling, who assembled [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he made the laver of copper, and its stand of copper, of the mirrors of the crowds of women who crowded before the entrance of the tent of meeting.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he made the laver of bronze, and the stand thereof of bronze,—with the mirrors of the female hosts who did service at the opening of the tent of meeting.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he maketh the laver of brass, and its base of brass, with the looking-glasses of the women assembling, who have assembled at the opening of the tent of meeting.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He made also the laver of brass, with the foot thereof, of the mirrors of the women that watched at the door of the tabernacle.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee made the Lauer of brasse, and the foot of it of brasse, of the looking glasses of [the women] assembling, which assembled at the doore of the Tabernacle of the Congregation.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He made the brazen laver, and the brazen base of it of the mirrors of the women that fasted, who fasted by the doors of the tabernacle of witness, in the day in which he set it up.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he made the laver [of] brass, and the foot of it [of] brass, of the lookingglasses of [the women] assembling, which assembled [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the laver 3595
{3595} Prime
כִּיּוֹר
kiyowr
{kee-yore'}
From the same as H3564; properly something round (as excavated or bored), that is, a chafing dish for coals or a caldron for cooking; hence (from similarity of form) a washbowl; also (for the same reason) a pulpit or platform.
[of] brass, 5178
{5178} Prime
נְחֹשֶׁת
n@chosheth
{nekh-o'-sheth}
For H5154; copper; hence, something made of that metal, that is, coin, a fetter; figuratively base (as compared with gold or silver).
and the foot 3653
{3653} Prime
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
The same as H3651, used as a noun; a stand, that is, pedestal or station.
of it [of] brass, 5178
{5178} Prime
נְחֹשֶׁת
n@chosheth
{nekh-o'-sheth}
For H5154; copper; hence, something made of that metal, that is, coin, a fetter; figuratively base (as compared with gold or silver).
of the lookingglasses 4759
{4759} Prime
מַרְאָה
mar'ah
{mar-aw'}
Feminine of H4758; a vision; also (causatively) a mirror.
of [the women] assembling, 6633
{6633} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
A primitive root; to mass (an army or servants).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
assembled 6633
{6633} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
A primitive root; to mass (an army or servants).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[at] the door 6607
{6607} Prime
פֶּתַח
pethach
{peh'-thakh}
From H6605; an opening (literally), that is, door (gate) or entrance way.
of the tabernacle 168
{0168} Prime
אֹהֶל
'ohel
{o'-hel}
From H0166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance).
of the congregation. 4150
{4150} Prime
מוֹעֵד
mow`ed
{mo-ade'}
From H3259; properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 38:8

_ _ laver of brass ... of the looking glasses of the women — The word mirrors should have been used, as those implements, usually round, inserted into a handle of wood, stone, or metal, were made of brass, silver, or bronze, highly polished [Wilkinson]. It was customary for the Egyptian women to carry mirrors with them to the temples; and whether by taking the looking glasses of the Hebrew women Moses designed to put it out of their power to follow a similar practice at the tabernacle, or whether the supply of brass from other sources in the camp was exhausted, it is interesting to learn how zealously and to a vast extent they surrendered those valued accompaniments of the female toilet.

_ _ of the women assembling ... at the door — not priestesses but women of pious character and influence, who frequented the courts of the sacred building (Luke 2:37), and whose parting with their mirrors, like the cutting the hair of the Nazarites, was their renouncing the world for a season [Hengstenberg].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 38:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 38:8

This laver signified the provision that is made in the gospel for cleansing our souls from the pollution of sin by the merit of Christ, that we may be fit to serve the holy God in holy duties. This is here said to be made of the looking — glasses of the women that assembled at the door of the tabernacle. It should seem these women were eminent for devotion, attending more constantly at the place of public worship than others, and notice is here taken of it to their honour. These looking — glasses were of the finest brass, burnished for that purpose. In the laver, either they were artfully joined together, or else molten down and cast anew; but it is probable the laver was so brightly burnished that the sides of it still served for looking — glasses, that the priests when they came to wash might there see their faces, and so discover the spots to wash them clean.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 38:8

And he made the laver [of] brass, and the foot of it [of] brass, of the (b) lookingglasses of [the women] assembling, which assembled [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

(b) R. Kimbi says that the women brought their looking glasses, which were of brass or fine metal, and offered them freely for the use of the tabernacle: which was a bright thing and of great majesty.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the laver:

Exodus 30:18-21 Thou shalt also make a laver [of] brass, and his foot [also of] brass, to wash [withal]: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein. ... So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, [even] to him and to his seed throughout their generations.
Exodus 40:7 And thou shalt set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and shalt put water therein.
Exodus 40:30-32 And he set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and put water there, to wash [withal]. ... When they went into the tent of the congregation, and when they came near unto the altar, they washed; as the LORD commanded Moses.
1 Kings 7:23-26 And he made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one brim to the other: [it was] round all about, and his height [was] five cubits: and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about. ... And it [was] an hand breadth thick, and the brim thereof was wrought like the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies: it contained two thousand baths.
1 Kings 7:38 Then made he ten lavers of brass: one laver contained forty baths: [and] every laver was four cubits: [and] upon every one of the ten bases one laver.
Psalms 26:6 I will wash mine hands in innocency: so will I compass thine altar, O LORD:
Zechariah 13:1 In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness.
John 13:10 Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash [his] feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.
Titus 3:5-6 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; ... Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;
Hebrews 9:10 [Which stood] only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed [on them] until the time of reformation.
1 John 3:7 Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous.
Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
, looking glasses, or, brazen glasses, The word maroth, from raah, to see, denotes reflectors, or mirrors, of any kind. That these could not have been looking glasses, as in our translation, is sufficiently evident, not only from the glass not being then in use, but also from the impossibility of making the brazen laver of such materials. The first mirrors known among men, were the clear fountain and unruffled lake. The first artificial ones were made of polished brass, afterwards of steel, and when luxury increased, of silver; but at a very early period, they were made of a mixed metal, particularly of tin and copper, the best of which, as Pliny informs us, were formerly manufactured at Brundusium. When the Egyptians went to their temples, according to St. Cyril, they always carried their mirrors with them. The Israelitish women probably did the same; and Dr. Shaw says, that looking-glasses are still part of the dress of Moorish women, who carry them constantly hung at their breasts.

assembling:
Heb. assembling by troops, It is supposed that these women kept watch during the night. Among the ancients, women were generally employed as door-keepers. See note on
1 Samuel 2:22 Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and how they lay with the women that assembled [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Proverbs 8:34 Blessed [is] the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors.
Matthew 26:69 Now Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came unto him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee.
Luke 2:37 And she [was] a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.
John 18:16 But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.
1 Timothy 5:5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 30:18; 40:7, 30. 1S 2:22. 1K 7:23, 38. Ps 26:6. Pv 8:34. Zc 13:1. Mt 26:69. Lk 2:37. Jn 13:10; 18:16. 1Ti 5:5. Tit 3:5. He 9:10. 1Jn 3:7. Rv 1:5.

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Interesting that the women had a prominent role in apparent greeting of those who came into the congregation.
- Bill Case (1/23/2015 9:38:56 AM) [qBible.com]
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