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Exodus 37:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the cherubim spread out their wings on high, covering the mercy-seat with their wings, with their faces one to another; toward the mercy-seat were the faces of the cherubim.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the cherubims spread out [their] wings on high, [and] covered with their wings over the mercy seat, with their faces one to another; [even] to the mercy seatward were the faces of the cherubims.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The cherubim had [their] wings spread upward, covering the mercy seat with their wings, with their faces toward each other; the faces of the cherubim were toward the mercy seat.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the cherubim spread out [their] wings on high, [and] covered with their wings over the mercy-seat, with their faces one to another; [even] towards the mercy-seat were the faces of the cherubim.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the cherubim spread out [their] wings over it, covering over with their wings the mercy-seat; and their faces were opposite to one another: the faces of the cherubim were [turned] toward the mercy-seat.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and the cherubim were spreading out their wings on high, making a shelter with their wings over the propitiatory, with, their faces, one towards the other,—towards the propitiatory, were the faces of the cherubim.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the cherubs are spreading out wings on high, covering over the mercy-seat with their wings, and their faces [are] one towards another; towards the mercy-seat have the faces of the cherubs been.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Spreading their wings, and covering the propitiatory, and looking one towards the other, and towards it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Cherubims spread out their wings on high, [and] couered with their wings ouer the Mercie seat with their faces one to another: [euen] to the Mercie seat ward were the faces of the Cherubims.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— overshadowing the propitiatory with their wings.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the cherubims spread out [their] wings on high, [and] covered with their wings over the mercy seat, with their faces one to another; [even] to the mercy seatward were the faces of the cherubims.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the cherubims 3742
{3742} Prime
כְּרוּב
k@ruwb
{ker-oob'}
Of uncertain derivation; a cherub or imaginary figure.
spread out 6566
{6566} Prime
פָּרַשׂ
paras
{paw-ras'}
A primitive root; to break apart, disperse, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[their] wings 3671
{3671} Prime
כָּנָף
kanaph
{kaw-nawf'}
From H3670; an edge or extremity; specifically (of a bird or army) a wing, (of a garment or bed clothing) a flap, (of the earth) a quarter, (of a building) a pinnacle.
on high, 4605
{4605} Prime
מַעַל
ma`al
{mah'-al}
From H5927; properly the upper part, used only adverbially with prefix upward, above, overhead, from the top, etc.
[and] covered 5526
{5526} Prime
סָכַךְ
cakak
{saw-kak'}
A primitive root; properly to entwine as a screen; by implication to fence in, cover over, (figuratively) protect.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
with their wings 3671
{3671} Prime
כָּנָף
kanaph
{kaw-nawf'}
From H3670; an edge or extremity; specifically (of a bird or army) a wing, (of a garment or bed clothing) a flap, (of the earth) a quarter, (of a building) a pinnacle.
over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the mercy seat, 3727
{3727} Prime
כַּפֹּרֶת
kapporeth
{kap-po'-reth}
From H3722; a lid (used only of the cover of the sacred Ark).
with their faces 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
one 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
another; 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
[even] to x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the mercy seatward 3727
{3727} Prime
כַּפֹּרֶת
kapporeth
{kap-po'-reth}
From H3722; a lid (used only of the cover of the sacred Ark).
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
the faces 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
of the cherubims. 3742
{3742} Prime
כְּרוּב
k@ruwb
{ker-oob'}
Of uncertain derivation; a cherub or imaginary figure.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 37:6-10.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 37:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

See commentary on Exodus 37:1-9.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cherubims spread:

Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
Genesis 28:12 And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.
Isaiah 6:2 Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly.
Ezekiel 10:1-22 Then I looked, and, behold, in the firmament that was above the head of the cherubims there appeared over them as it were a sapphire stone, as the appearance of the likeness of a throne. ... And the likeness of their faces [was] the same faces which I saw by the river of Chebar, their appearances and themselves: they went every one straight forward.
John 1:51 And he saith unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man.
2 Corinthians 3:18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord.
Philippians 3:8 Yea doubtless, and I count all things [but] loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them [but] dung, that I may win Christ,
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Hebrews 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

to the mercy seatward:

Exodus 25:20 And the cherubims shall stretch forth [their] wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces [shall look] one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be.
Ephesians 3:10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly [places] might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:24; 28:12. Ex 25:20. Is 6:2. Ezk 10:1. Jn 1:51. 2Co 3:18. Ep 3:10. Php 3:8. 1Ti 3:16. He 1:14. 1P 1:12.

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