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Exodus 37:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he made the candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work made he the candlestick, even its base, and its shaft; its cups, it knops, and its flowers, were of one piece with it:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he made the candlestick [of] pure gold: [of] beaten work made he the candlestick; his shaft, and his branch, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, were of the same:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then he made the lampstand of pure gold. He made the lampstand of hammered work, its base and its shaft; its cups, its bulbs and its flowers were [of one piece] with it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he made the candlestick of pure gold; [of] beaten work he made the candlestick; its shaft, and its branch, its bowls, its knobs, and its flowers were of the same:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he made the candlestick of pure gold; [of] beaten work he made the candlestick: its base, and its shaft, its cups, its knobs, and its flowers were of itself.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he made the lampstand, of pure gold,—of beaten work, made he the lampstand,—its base and its shafts, its cups, its apples and its blossoms, were, of the same;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he maketh the candlestick of pure gold; of beaten work he hath made the candlestick, its base, and its branch, its calyxes, its knops, and its flowers, have been of the same;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He made also the candlestick of beaten work of the finest gold. from the shaft whereof its branches, its cups, and bowls, and lilies came out:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he made the Candlesticke of pure gold, of beaten worke made he the Candlesticke, his shaft & his branch, his bowles, his knops, and his flowers were of the same.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he made the candlestick which gives light, of gold;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he made the candlestick [of] pure gold: [of] beaten work made he the candlestick; his shaft, and his branch, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, were of the same:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the candlestick 4501
{4501} Prime
מְנוֹרָה
m@nowrah
{men-o-raw'}
Feminine of H4500 (in the original sense of H5216); a chandelier.
[of] pure 2889
{2889} Prime
טָהוֹר
tahowr
{taw-hore'}
From H2891; pure (in a physical, chemical, ceremonial or moral sense).
gold: 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
[of] beaten work 4749
{4749} Prime
מִקְשָׁה
miqshah
{mik-shaw'}
Feminine of H4748; rounded work, that is, moulded by hammering (repousse).
made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
he x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the candlestick; 4501
{4501} Prime
מְנוֹרָה
m@nowrah
{men-o-raw'}
Feminine of H4500 (in the original sense of H5216); a chandelier.
his shaft, 3409
{3409} Prime
יָרֵךְ
yarek
{yaw-rake'}
From an unused root meaning to be soft; the thigh (from its fleshy softness); by euphemism the generative parts; figuratively a shank, flank, side.
and his branch, 7070
{7070} Prime
קָנֶה
qaneh
{kaw-neh'}
From H7069; a reed (as erect); by resemblance a rod (especially for measuring), shaft, tube, stem, the radius (of the arm), beam (of a steelyard).
his bowls, 1375
{1375} Prime
גָּבִיעַ
g@biya`
{gheb-ee'-ah}
From an unused root (meaning to be convex); a goblet; by analogy the calyx of a flower.
his knops, 3730
{3730} Prime
כַּפְתֹּר
kaphtor
{kaf-tore'}
Probably from an unused root meaning to encircle; a chaplet; but used only in an architectonic sense, that is, the capital of a column, or a wreath like button or disk on the candelabrum.
and his flowers, 6525
{6525} Prime
פֶּרַח
perach
{peh'-rakh}
From H6524; calyx (natural or artificial); generally bloom.
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the same:
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 37:17-22

_ _ he made the candlestick of pure gold — Practical readers will be apt to say, “Why do such works with the hammer, when they could have been cast so much easier — a process they were well acquainted with?” The only answer that can be given is, that it was done according to order. We have no doubt but there were reasons for so distinctive an order, something significant, which has not been revealed to us [Napier]. The whole of that sacred building was arranged with a view to inculcate through every part of its apparatus the great fundamental principles of revelation. Every object was symbolical of important truth — every piece of furniture was made the hieroglyphic of a doctrine or a duty — on the floor and along the sides of that movable edifice was exhibited, by emblematic signs addressed to the eye, the whole remedial scheme of the gospel. How far this spiritual instruction was received by every successive generation of the Israelites, it may not be easy to determine. But the tabernacle, like the law of which it was a part, was a schoolmaster to Christ [Galatians 3:24, Galatians 3:25]. Just as the walls of schools are seen studded with pictorial figures, by which the children, in a manner level to their capacities and suited to arrest their volatile minds, are kept in constant and familiar remembrance of the lessons of piety and virtue, so the tabernacle was intended by its furniture and all its arrangements to serve as a “shadow of good things to come” [Hebrews 10:1]. In this view, the minute description given in this chapter respecting the ark and mercy seat, the table of showbread, the candlestick, the altar of incense, and the holy oil, were of the greatest utility and importance; and though there are a few things that are merely ornamental appendages, such as the knops and the flowers, yet, in introducing these into the tabernacle, God displayed the same wisdom and goodness as He has done by introducing real flowers into the kingdom of nature to engage and gratify the eye of man.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 37:10-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 37:17

This candlestick, which was not of wood overlaid with gold, but all beaten — work of pure gold only, signified that light of divine revelation with which God's church upon earth (which is his tabernacle among men) hath always been enlightened, being always supplied with fresh oil from Christ the good olive, Zechariah 4:2-3. The bible is a golden candlestick, it is of pure gold; from it light is diffused to every part of God's tabernacle, that by it the spiritual priests may see to do the service of his sanctuary. The candlestick has not only its bowls for necessary use, but its knops and flowers for ornament; many things which God saw fit to beautify his word with, which we can no more give a reason for than for these knops and flowers, and yet must be sure they wert added for good purpose. Let us bless God for this candlestick, have an eye to it continually, and dread the removal of it out of its place!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the candlestick of:

Exodus 25:31-39 And thou shalt make a candlestick [of] pure gold: [of] beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same. ... [Of] a talent of pure gold shall he make it, with all these vessels.
Exodus 40:24-25 And he put the candlestick in the tent of the congregation, over against the table, on the side of the tabernacle southward. ... And he lighted the lamps before the LORD; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Leviticus 24:4 He shall order the lamps upon the pure candlestick before the LORD continually.
1 Chronicles 28:15 Even the weight for the candlesticks of gold, and for their lamps of gold, by weight for every candlestick, and for the lamps thereof: and for the candlesticks of silver by weight, [both] for the candlestick, and [also] for the lamps thereof, according to the use of every candlestick.
2 Chronicles 13:11 And they burn unto the LORD every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense: the shewbread also [set they in order] upon the pure table; and the candlestick of gold with the lamps thereof, to burn every evening: for we keep the charge of the LORD our God; but ye have forsaken him.
Zechariah 4:2 And said unto me, What seest thou? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all [of] gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which [are] upon the top thereof:
Zechariah 4:11 Then answered I, and said unto him, What [are] these two olive trees upon the right [side] of the candlestick and upon the left [side] thereof?
Matthew 5:15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.
John 1:4-9 In him was life; and the life was the light of men. ... [That] was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
Philippians 2:15 That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world;
Hebrews 9:2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein [was] the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary.
Revelation 1:12-20 And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks; ... The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.
Revelation 2:1-5 Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks; ... Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.
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Ex 25:31; 40:24. Lv 24:4. 1Ch 28:15. 2Ch 13:11. Zc 4:2, 11. Mt 5:15. Jn 1:4. Php 2:15. He 9:2. Rv 1:12; 2:1.

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