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Exodus 35:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Moses assembled all the congregation of the children of Israel, and said unto them, These are the words which Jehovah hath commanded, that ye should do them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together, and said unto them, These [are] the words which the LORD hath commanded, that [ye] should do them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Moses assembled all the congregation of the sons of Israel, and said to them, “These are the things that the LORD has commanded [you] to do:
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Moses assembled all the congregation of the children of Israel, and said to them, These [are] the words which the LORD hath commanded, that [ye] should do them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Moses collected all the assembly of the children of Israel, and said to them, These are the things which Jehovah has commanded, to do them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Moses called together all the assembly of the sons of Israel, and said unto them,—These, are the things which Yahweh hath commanded, to do them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Moses assembleth all the company of the sons of Israel, and saith unto them, 'These [are] the things which Jehovah hath commanded—to do them:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And all the multitude of the children of Israel being gathered together, he said to them: These are the things which the Lord hath commanded to be done:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Moses gathered all the Congregation of the children of Israel together, and said vnto them; These are the wordes which the LORD hath commanded, that yee should doe them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Mosheh{gr.Moses} gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together, and said, These are the words which the Lord has spoken for [you] to do them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Mosheh gathered all the congregation of the children of Yisrael together, and said unto them, These [are] the words which Yahweh hath commanded, that [ye] should do them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And M מֹשֶׁה 4872
{4872} Prime
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
gathered 6950
{6950} Prime
A primitive root; to convoke.
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the congregation 5712
{5712} Prime
Feminine of H5707 in the original sense of fixture; a stated assemblage (specifically a concourse, or generally a family or crowd).
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
together, y6950
[6950] Standard
A primitive root; to convoke.
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
and said 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
them, These x428
(0428) Complement
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[are] the words 1697
{1697} Prime
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
which x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath commanded, 6680
{6680} Prime
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
that [ye] should do 6213
{6213} Prime
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 35:1

_ _ Exodus 35:1-35. Contributions to the Tabernacle.

_ _ Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel, etc. — On the occasion referred to in the opening of this chapter, the Israelites were specially reminded of the design to erect a magnificent tabernacle for the regular worship of God, as well as of the leading articles that were required to furnish that sacred edifice [Exodus 35:11-19]. (See on Exodus 25:1-40; see on Exodus 27:1-21; see on Exodus 30:1-31:18).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Exodus 35:1-19

_ _ It was said in general (Exodus 34:32), Moses gave them in commandment all that the Lord has spoken with him. But, the erecting and furnishing of the tabernacle being the work to which they were now immediately to apply themselves, there is particular mention of the orders given concerning it.

_ _ I. All the congregation is summoned to attend (Exodus 35:1); that is, the heads and rulers of the congregation, the representatives of the several tribes, who must receive instructions from Moses as he had received them from the Lord, and must communicate them to the people. Thus John, being commanded to write to the seven churches what had been revealed to him, writes it to the angels, or ministers, of the churches.

_ _ II. Moses gave them in charge all that (and that only) which God had commanded him; thus he approved himself faithful both to God and Israel, between whom he was a messenger or mediator. If he had added, altered, or diminished, he would have been false to both. But, both sides having reposed a trust in him, he was true to the trust; yet he was faithful as a servant only, but Christ as a Son, Hebrews 3:5, Hebrews 3:6.

_ _ III. He begins with the law of the sabbath, because that was much insisted on in the instructions he had received (Exodus 35:2, Exodus 35:3): Six days shall work be done, work for the tabernacle, the work of the day that was now to be done in its day; and they had little else to do here in the wilderness, where they had neither husbandry nor merchandise, neither food to get nor clothes to make: but on the seventh day you must not strike a stroke, no, not at the tabernacle-work; the honour of the sabbath was above that of the sanctuary, more ancient and more lasting; that must be to you a holy day, devoted to God, and not be spent in common business. It is a sabbath of rest. It is a sabbath of sabbaths (so some read it), more honourable and excellent than any of the other feasts, and should survive them all. A sabbath of sabbatism, so others read it, being typical of that sabbatism or rest, both spiritual and eternal, which remains for the people of God, Hebrews 4:9. It is a sabbath of rest, that is, in which a rest from all worldly labour must be very carefully and strictly observed. It is a sabbath and a little sabbath, so some of the Jews would have it read; not only observing the whole day as a sabbath, but an hour before the beginning of it, and an hour after the ending of it, which they throw in over and above out of their own time, and call a little sabbath, to show how glad they are of the approach of the sabbath and how loth to part with it. It is a sabbath of rest, but it is rest to the Lord, to whose honour it must be devoted. A penalty is here annexed to the breach of it: Whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death. Also a particular prohibition of kindling fires on the sabbath day for any servile work, as smith's work, or plumbers, etc.

_ _ IV. He orders preparation to be made for the setting up of the tabernacle. Two things were to be done: —

_ _ 1. All that were able must contribute: Take you from among you an offering, Exodus 35:5. The tabernacle was to be dedicated to the honour of God, and used in his service; and therefore what was brought for the setting up and furnishing of that was an offering to the Lord. Our goodness extends not to God, but what is laid out for the support of his kingdom and interest among men he is pleased to accept as an offering to himself; and he requires such acknowledgements of our receiving our all from him and such instances of our dedicating our all to him. The rule is, Whosoever is of a willing heart let him bring. It was not to be a tax imposed upon them, but a benevolence or voluntary contribution, to intimate to us, (1.) That God has not made our yoke heavy. He is a prince that does not burden his subjects with taxes, nor make them to serve with an offering, but draws with the cords of a man, and leaves it to ourselves to judge what is right; his is a government that there is no cause to complain of, for he does not rule with rigour. (2.) That God loves a cheerful giver, and is best pleased with the free-will offering. Those services are acceptable to him that come from the willing heart of a willing people, Psalms 110:3.

_ _ 2. All that were skilful must work: Every wise-hearted among you shall come, and make, Exodus 35:10. See how God dispenses his gifts variously; and, as every man hath received the gift, so he must minister, 1 Peter 4:10. Those that were rich must bring in materials to work on; those that were ingenious must serve the tabernacle with their ingenuity; as they needed one another, so the tabernacle needed them both, 1 Corinthians 12:7-21. The work was likely to go on when some helped with their purses, others with their hands, and both with a willing heart. Moses, as he had told them what must be given (Exodus 35:5-9), so he gives them the general heads of what must be made (Exodus 35:11-19), that, seeing how much work was before them, they might apply themselves to it the more vigorously, and every hand might be busy; and it gave them such an idea of the fabric designed that they could not but long to see it finished.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 25:1-40 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... And look that thou make [them] after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount.
Exodus 31:1-11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... And the anointing oil, and sweet incense for the holy [place]: according to all that I have commanded thee shall they do.
Exodus 34:32 And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai.

do them:

Matthew 7:21-27 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. ... And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it.
Romans 2:13 (For not the hearers of the law [are] just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified.
James 1:22 But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.
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Ex 25:1; 31:1; 34:32. Mt 7:21. Ro 2:13. Jm 1:22.

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