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Exodus 30:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Take thou also unto thee the chief spices: of flowing myrrh five hundred [shekels], and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred [shekels], and of sweet cinnamon half so much, [even] two hundred and fifty [shekels], and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty [shekels],
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Take also for yourself the finest of spices: of flowing myrrh five hundred [shekels], and of fragrant cinnamon half as much, two hundred and fifty, and of fragrant cane two hundred and fifty,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Take thou also to thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred [shekels], and of sweet cinnamon half as much, [even] two hundred and fifty [shekels], and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty [shekels],
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And thou, take best spices—of liquid myrrh five hundred [shekels], and of sweet cinnamon the half—two hundred and fifty, and of sweet myrtle two hundred and fifty,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou, therefore, take to thee—principal spices,—self-flowing myrrh, five hundred, and, fragrant cinnamon, half as much, two hundred and fifty, and, fragrant cane, two hundred and fifty;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And thou, take to thyself principal spices, wild honey five hundred [shekels]; and spice-cinnamon, the half of that, two hundred and fifty; and spice-cane two hundred and fifty;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Saying: Take spices, of principal and chosen myrrh five hundred sicles, and of cinnamon half so much; that is, two hundred and fifty sicles, of calamus in like manner two hundred and fifty,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Take thou also vnto thee principall spices, of pure myrrhe fiue hundred shekels, and of sweet cinamon halfe so much, euen two hundred and fifty [shekels], and of sweet calamus two hundred and fiftie [shekels],
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Do thou also take sweet herbs, the flower of choice myrrh five hundred shekels, and the half of this two hundred and fifty shekels of sweet-smelling cinnamon, and two hundred and fifty shekels of sweet-smelling calamus,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred [shekels], and of sweet cinnamon half so much, [even] two hundred and fifty [shekels], and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty [shekels],

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Take 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
also unto thee principal 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
spices, 1314
{1314} Prime
בֶּשֶׂם
besem
{beh'-sem}
From the same as H1313; fragrance; by implication spicery; also the balsam plant.
of pure 1865
{1865} Prime
דְּרוֹר
d@rowr
{der-ore'}
From an unused root (meaning to move rapidly); freedom; hence spontaneity of outflow, and so clear.
myrrh 4753
{4753} Prime
מֹר
more
{mor}
From H4843; myrrh (as distilling in drops, and also as bitter).
five 2568
{2568} Prime
חָמֵשׁ
chamesh
{khaw-maysh'}
A primitive numeral; five.
hundred 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
[shekels], and of sweet 1314
{1314} Prime
בֶּשֶׂם
besem
{beh'-sem}
From the same as H1313; fragrance; by implication spicery; also the balsam plant.
cinnamon 7076
{7076} Prime
קִנָּמוֹן
qinnamown
{kin-naw-mone'}
From an unused root (meaning to erect); cinnamon bark (as in upright rolls).
half y4276
[4276] Standard
מַחֲצִית
machatsiyth
{makh-ats-eeth'}
From H2673; a halving or the middle.
so much, 4276
{4276} Prime
מַחֲצִית
machatsiyth
{makh-ats-eeth'}
From H2673; a halving or the middle.
[even] two hundred 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
and fifty 2572
{2572} Prime
חֲמִשִּׁים
chamishshiym
{kham-ish-sheem'}
Multiple of H2568; fifty.
[shekels], and of sweet 1314
{1314} Prime
בֶּשֶׂם
besem
{beh'-sem}
From the same as H1313; fragrance; by implication spicery; also the balsam plant.
calamus 7070
{7070} Prime
קָנֶה
qaneh
{kaw-neh'}
From H7069; a reed (as erect); by resemblance a rod (especially for measuring), shaft, tube, stem, the radius (of the arm), beam (of a steelyard).
two hundred 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
and fifty 2572
{2572} Prime
חֲמִשִּׁים
chamishshiym
{kham-ish-sheem'}
Multiple of H2568; fifty.
[shekels],
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 30:23-33

_ _ Take thou also ... principal spices, etc. — Oil is frequently mentioned in Scripture as an emblem of sanctification, and anointing with it a means of designating objects as well as persons to the service of God. Here it is prescribed by divine authority, and the various ingredients in their several proportions described which were to compose the oil used in consecrating the furniture of the tabernacle.

_ _ myrrh — a fragrant and medicinal gum from a little known tree in Arabia.

_ _ sweet cinnamon — produced from a species of laurel or sweet bay, found chiefly in Ceylon, growing to a height of twenty feet: this spice is extracted from the inner bark, but it is not certain whether that mentioned by Moses is the same as that with which we are familiar.

_ _ sweet calamus — or sweet cane, a product of Arabia and India, of a tawny color in appearance; it is like the common cane and strongly odoriferous.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 30:22-38.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 30:23

Interpreters are not agreed concerning these ingredients: the spices, which were in all near half a hundred weight, were to be infused in the oil, which was to be about five or six quarts, and then strained out, leaving an admirable smell in the oil. With this oil God's tent and all the furniture of it were to be anointed; it was to be used also in the consecration of the priests. It was to be continued throughout their generations, Exodus 30:31. Solomon was anointed with it, 1 Kings 1:39, and some other of the kings, and all the high priests, with such a quantity of it, as that it ran down to the skirts of the garments; and we read of the making it up, 1 Chronicles 9:30. Yet all agree that in the second temple there was none of this holy oil, which was probably owing to a notion they had, that it was not lawful to make it up; Providence over — ruling that want as a presage of the better unction of the Holy Ghost in gospel — times, the variety of whose gifts was typified by these sweet ingredients.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 30:23

Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred (m) [shekels], and of sweet cinnamon half so much, [even] two hundred and fifty [shekels], and of sweet (n) calamus two hundred and fifty [shekels],

(m) Weighing so much.

(n) It is a type of reed with a very sweet savour within, and it is used in powders and odours.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thee principal:

Exodus 37:29 And he made the holy anointing oil, and the pure incense of sweet spices, according to the work of the apothecary.
Psalms 45:8 All thy garments [smell] of myrrh, and aloes, [and] cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.
Proverbs 7:17 I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.
Song of Songs 1:3 Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name [is as] ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.
Song of Songs 1:13 A bundle of myrrh [is] my wellbeloved unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts.
Song of Songs 4:14 Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:
Jeremiah 6:20 To what purpose cometh there to me incense from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a far country? your burnt offerings [are] not acceptable, nor your sacrifices sweet unto me.
Ezekiel 27:19 Dan also and Javan going to and fro occupied in thy fairs: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were in thy market.
Ezekiel 27:22 The merchants of Sheba and Raamah, they [were] thy merchants: they occupied in thy fairs with chief of all spices, and with all precious stones, and gold.

pure myrrh:
Myrrh is a white gum, issuing from the trunk and larger branches of a thorny tree resembling the acacia, growing in Arabia, Egypt, and Abyssinia. Its taste is extremely bitter; but its smell, though strong, is agreeable; and it entered into the composition of the most costly ointments among the ancients. The epithet deror, rendered pure, properly denotes fluid, from the Arabic darra, to flow; by which is meant the finest and most excellent kind, called stacte, which issues of itself from the bark without incision.

cinnamon:
Kinnamon bosem, odoriferous or spicy cinnamon, is the bark of the canella, a small tree of the size of a willow growing in the island of Ceylon.

sweet calamus:
Kenaih bosem, calamus aromaticus, or odoriferous cane, is a reed growing in Egypt, Syria, and India, about two feet in height, bearing from the root a knotted stalk, quite round, containing in its cavity a soft white pith. It is said to scent the air while growing; and when cut down, dried, and powdered, makes an ingredient in the richest perfumes.
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Ex 37:29. Ps 45:8. Pv 7:17. So 1:3, 13; 4:14. Jr 6:20. Ezk 27:19, 22.

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