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Exodus 28:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And these are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a coat of checker work, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And these [are] the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “These are the garments which they shall make: a breastpiece and an ephod and a robe and a tunic of checkered work, a turban and a sash, and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister as priest to Me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And these [are] the garments which they shall make; a breast-plate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a miter, and a girdle; and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister to me in the priest's office.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And these are the garments which they shall make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and a cloak, and a checkered vest, a turban, and a girdle; and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may serve me as priest.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— These, therefore, are the garments which they shall make—a breastpiece, and an ephod, and a robe, and a tunic of checker work, a turban and a girdle,—so shall they make holy garments, for Aaron thy brother, and for his sons, for ministering as priests unto me.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And these [are] the garments which they make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and an upper robe, and an embroidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle; yea, they have made holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and for his sons, for his being priest to Me.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And these shall be the vestments that they shall make: A rational and an ephod, a tunic and a strait linen garment, a mitre and a girdle. They shall make the holy vestments for thy brother Aaron and his sons, that they may do the office of priesthood unto me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an Ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a Miter, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sonnes, that hee may minister vnto mee in the Priestes office.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And these are the garments which they shall make: the breast-plate, and the shoulder-piece, and the full-length robe, and the tunic with a fringe, and the tire, and the girdle; and they shall make holy garments for Aaron and his sons to minister to me as priests.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And these [are] the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aharon thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[are] the garments 899
{0899} Prime
בֶּגֶד
beged
{behg'-ed}
From H0898; a covering, that is, clothing; also treachery or pillage.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
they shall make; 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a breastplate, 2833
{2833} Prime
חֹשֶׁן
choshen
{kho'-shen}
From an unused root probably meaning to contain or sparkle; perhaps a pocket (as holding the Urim and Thummim), or rich (as containing gems), used only of the gorget of the highpriest.
and an ephod, 646
{0646} Prime
אֵפוֹד
'ephowd
{ay-fode'}
Second form is a rare form; probably of foreign derivation; a girdle; specifically the ephod or high priest's shoulder piece; also generally an image.
and a robe, 4598
{4598} Prime
מְעִיל
m@`iyl
{meh-eel'}
From H4603 in the sense of covering; a robe (that is, upper and outer garment).
and a broidered 8665
{8665} Prime
תַּשְׁבֵּץ
tashbets
{tash-bates'}
From H7660; checkered stuff (as reticulated).
coat, 3801
{3801} Prime
כְּתֹּנֶת
k@thoneth
{keth-o'-neth}
From an unused root meaning to cover (compare H3802); a shirt.
a mitre, 4701
{4701} Prime
מִצְנֶפֶת
mitsnepheth
{mits-neh'-feth}
From H6801; a tiara, that is, official turban (of a king or high priest).
and a girdle: 73
{0073} Prime
אַבְנֵט
'abnet
{ab-nate'}
Of uncertain derivation; a belt.
and they shall make 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
holy 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
garments 899
{0899} Prime
בֶּגֶד
beged
{behg'-ed}
From H0898; a covering, that is, clothing; also treachery or pillage.
for ´Ahárön אַהֲרֹן 175
{0175} Prime
אַהֲרֹן
'Aharown
{a-har-one'}
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
thy brother, 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
and his sons, 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
that he may minister unto me in the priest's office. 3547
{3547} Prime
כּהן
kahan
{kaw-han'}
A primitive root, apparently meaning to mediate in religious services; but used only as denominative from H3548; to officiate as a priest; figuratively to put on regalia.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 28:2-5.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 28:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 28:4

And these [are] the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an (c) ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.

(c) A short an straight coat without sleeves, put on top of his garments to keep them close to him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a breastplate:
Choshen, in Hebrew is used for the square breast-plate of the high priest, in which were set twelve precious stones, each being engraved with the name of one of the sons of Jacob.
Exodus 28:15 And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; [of] gold, [of] blue, and [of] purple, and [of] scarlet, and [of] fine twined linen, shalt thou make it.
Exodus 39:8-21 And he made the breastplate [of] cunning work, like the work of the ephod; [of] gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen. ... And they did bind the breastplate by his rings unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Isaiah 59:17 For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance [for] clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke.
Ephesians 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
1 Thessalonians 5:8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
Revelation 9:17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses [were] as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.

ephod:
The ephod seems to have been a short cloak, without sleeves.
Exodus 28:6-14 And they shall make the ephod [of] gold, [of] blue, and [of] purple, [of] scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work. ... And two chains [of] pure gold at the ends; [of] wreathen work shalt thou make them, and fasten the wreathen chains to the ouches.
Exodus 39:2-5 And he made the ephod [of] gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen. ... And the curious girdle of his ephod, that [was] upon it, [was] of the same, according to the work thereof; [of] gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Exodus 39:21-22 And they did bind the breastplate by his rings unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as the LORD commanded Moses. ... And he made the robe of the ephod [of] woven work, all [of] blue.
Leviticus 8:7-8 And he put upon him the coat, and girded him with the girdle, and clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod upon him, and he girded him with the curious girdle of the ephod, and bound [it] unto him therewith. ... And he put the breastplate upon him: also he put in the breastplate the Urim and the Thummim.
1 Samuel 2:18 But Samuel ministered before the LORD, [being] a child, girded with a linen ephod.
1 Samuel 22:18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons that did wear a linen ephod.
1 Samuel 23:6 And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, [that] he came down [with] an ephod in his hand.
1 Samuel 30:7 And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David.
2 Samuel 6:14 And David danced before the LORD with all [his] might; and David [was] girded with a linen ephod.

a robe:
The word meil, from âlah, to ascend, go up on, may be considered as an upper garment that goes up or over the rest, a surtout.
Exodus 28:31-34 And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod all [of] blue. ... A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round about.
Exodus 39:25-26 And they made bells [of] pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates upon the hem of the robe, round about between the pomegranates; ... A bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, round about the hem of the robe to minister [in]; as the LORD commanded Moses.

broidered:

Exodus 28:29 And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy [place], for a memorial before the LORD continually.
Exodus 28:40 And for Aaron's sons thou shalt make coats, and thou shalt make for them girdles, and bonnets shalt thou make for them, for glory and for beauty.
Leviticus 8:7 And he put upon him the coat, and girded him with the girdle, and clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod upon him, and he girded him with the curious girdle of the ephod, and bound [it] unto him therewith.

a mitre:

Exodus 39:28 And a mitre [of] fine linen, and goodly bonnets [of] fine linen, and linen breeches [of] fine twined linen,
Leviticus 8:9 And he put the mitre upon his head; also upon the mitre, [even] upon his forefront, did he put the golden plate, the holy crown; as the LORD commanded Moses.

a girdle:

Isaiah 11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.
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Ex 28:6, 15, 29, 31, 40; 39:2, 8, 21, 25, 28. Lv 8:7, 9. 1S 2:18; 22:18; 23:6; 30:7. 2S 6:14. Is 11:5; 59:17. Ep 6:14. 1Th 5:8. Rv 9:17.

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