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Exodus 28:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, four rows of stones: a row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, [even] four rows of stones: [the first] row [shall be] a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: [this shall be] the first row.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall mount on it four rows of stones; the first row [shall be] a row of ruby, topaz and emerald;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, [even] four rows of stones: [the first] row [shall be] a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: [this shall be] the first row.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And thou shalt set in it settings of stones—four rows of stones: [one] row, a sardoin, a topaz, and an emerald—the first row;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And thou shalt set therein, a setting of stones, four rows of stones,—one row—a sardius, a topaz, and an emerald, the first row;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And thou hast set in it settings of stone, four rows of stone; a row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle [is] the first row;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And thou shalt set in it four rows of stones: in the first row shall be a sardius stone, and a topaz, and an emerald:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And thou shalt set in it settings of stones; euen foure rowes of stones: the first row shalbe a Sardius, a Topaz, and a Carbuncle: this shall be the first row.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thou shalt interweave with it a texture of four rows of stone; there shall be a row of stones, a sardius, a topaz, and emerald, the first row.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, [even] four rows of stones: [the first] row [shall be] a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: [this shall be] the first row.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And thou shalt set 4390
{4390} Prime
מָלֵא
male'
{maw-lay'}
A primitive root, to fill or (intransitively) be full of, in a wide application (literally and figuratively).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
in it settings 4396
{4396} Prime
מִלֻּאָה
millu'ah
{mil-loo-aw'}
Feminine of H4394; a filling, that is, setting (of gems).
of stones, 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
[even] four 702
{0702} Prime
אַרְבַּע
'arba`
{ar-bah'}
The second form is the masculine form; from H7251; four.
rows 2905
{2905} Prime
טוּר
tuwr
{toor}
From an unused root meaning to range in a regular manner; a row; hence a wall.
of stones: 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
[the first] row 2905
{2905} Prime
טוּר
tuwr
{toor}
From an unused root meaning to range in a regular manner; a row; hence a wall.
[shall be] a sardius, 124
{0124} Prime
אֹדֶם
'odem
{o'-dem}
From H0119; redness, that is, the ruby, garnet, or some other red gem.
a topaz, 6357
{6357} Prime
פִּטְדָה
pitdah
{pit-daw'}
Of foreign derivation; a gem, probably the topaz.
and a carbuncle: 1304
{1304} Prime
בָּרֶקֶת
bareqeth
{baw-reh'-keth}
From H1300; a gem (as flashing), perhaps the emerald.
[this shall be] the first 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
row. 2905
{2905} Prime
טוּר
tuwr
{toor}
From an unused root meaning to range in a regular manner; a row; hence a wall.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 28:15-29.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 28:15-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thou shalt:

Exodus 28:9 And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:
Exodus 28:11 With the work of an engraver in stone, [like] the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: thou shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold.
Exodus 39:10-21 And they set in it four rows of stones: [the first] row [was] a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this [was] the first row. ... And they did bind the breastplate by his rings unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Malachi 3:17 And they shall be mine, saith the LORD of hosts, in that day when I make up my jewels; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him.

set in it settings of stones:
Heb. fill in its fillings of stone

the first row:

Ezekiel 28:13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone [was] thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
Revelation 21:19-21 And the foundations of the wall of the city [were] garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation [was] jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald; ... And the twelve gates [were] twelve pearls; every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city [was] pure gold, as it were transparent glass.

a sardius:
or, ruby, The Hebrew odem, from adam, to be red, ruddy, seems to denote the ruby; as adam does in Persian a beautiful gem, of a fine deep red colour, with a mixture of purple.
Job 28:18 No mention shall be made of coral, or of pearls: for the price of wisdom [is] above rubies.
Proverbs 3:15 She [is] more precious than rubies: and all the things thou canst desire are not to be compared unto her.
Proverbs 8:11 For wisdom [is] better than rubies; and all the things that may be desired are not to be compared to it.
Proverbs 20:15 There is gold, and a multitude of rubies: but the lips of knowledge [are] a precious jewel.
Proverbs 31:10 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price [is] far above rubies.
Lamentations 4:7 Her Nazarites were purer than snow, they were whiter than milk, they were more ruddy in body than rubies, their polishing [was] of sapphire:

a topaz:
Pitdah, is constantly rendered by the LXX τοπαζιον, and Vulgate, topazius, with which agrees Josephus. The topaz is a precious stone, of a pale, dead green, with a mixture of yellow, sometimes of a fine yellow; and hence called chrysolyte by the moderns, from its gold colour.
Job 28:19 The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.
Revelation 21:20 The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.

a carbuncle:
Bareketh, from barak, to lighten, glitter, a very elegant gem, of a deep red colour, with a mixture of scarlet.
Isaiah 54:11-12 O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, [and] not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires. ... And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 28:9, 11; 39:10. Jb 28:18, 19. Pv 3:15; 8:11; 20:15; 31:10. Is 54:11. Lm 4:7. Ezk 28:13. Mal 3:17. Rv 21:19, 20.

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