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Exodus 27:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee pure olive oil beaten for the light, to cause a lamp to burn continually.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall charge the sons of Israel, that they bring you clear oil of beaten olives for the light, to make a lamp burn continually.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring the pure olive-oil beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee olive oil, pure, beaten, for the light, to light the lamp continually.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou thyself, therefore, shalt command the sons of Israel, that they bring unto thee—pure, beaten olive-oil, for giving light,—that the lamp may lift up its flame, continually.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And thou—thou dost command the sons of Israel, and they bring unto thee pure beaten olive oil for the light, to cause the lamp to go up continually;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Command the children of Israel that they bring thee the purest oil of the olives, and beaten with a pestle: that a lamp may burn always,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oyle Oliue beaten, for the light, to cause the lampe to burne alwayes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And do thou charge the children of Israel, and let them take for thee refined pure olive-oil beaten to burn for light, that a lamp may burn continually
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And thou shalt command the children of Yisrael, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
shalt command 6680
{6680} Prime
צוּה
tsavah
{tsaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
that they bring 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
thee pure 2134
{2134} Prime
זַךְ
zak
{zak}
From H2141; clear.
oil 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
olive 2132
{2132} Prime
זַיִת
zayith
{zay'-yith}
Probably from an unused root (akin to H2099); an olive (as yielding illuminating oil), the tree, the branch or the berry.
beaten 3795
{3795} Prime
כָּתִית
kathiyth
{kaw-theeth'}
From H3807; beaten, that is, pure (oil).
for the light, 3974
{3974} Prime
מָאוֹר
ma'owr
{maw-ore'}
From H0215; properly a luminous body or luminary, that is, (abstractly) light (as an element); figuratively brightness, that is, cheerfulness; specifically a chandelier.
to cause the lamp 5216
{5216} Prime
נִיר
niyr
{neer}
From a primitive root (see H5214 and H5135) properly meaning to glisten; a lamp (that is, the burner) or light (literally or figuratively).
to burn 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
always. 8548
{8548} Prime
תָּמִיד
tamiyd
{taw-meed'}
From an unused root meaning to stretch; properly continuance (as indefinite extension); but used only (attributively as adjective) constant (or adverbially constantly); elliptically the regular (daily) sacrifice.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 27:20-21

_ _ pure oil olive beaten — that is, such as runs from the olives when bruised and without the application of fire.

_ _ for the light ... Aaron and his sons — were to take charge of lighting it in all time coming.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Exodus 27:20-21

_ _ We read of the candlestick in the twenty-fifth chapter; here is an order given for the keeping of the lamps constantly burning in it, else it was useless; in every candlestick there should be a burning and shining light; candlesticks without candles are as wells without water or as clouds without rain. Now, 1. The people were to provide the oil; from them the Lord's ministers must have their maintenance. Or, rather, the pure oil signified the gifts and graces of the Spirit, which are communicated to all believers from Christ the good olive, of whose fulness we receive (Zechariah 4:11, Zechariah 4:12), and without which our light cannot shine before men. 2. The priests were to light the lamps, and to tend them; it was part of their daily service to cause the lamp to burn always, night and day; thus it is the work of ministers, by the preaching and expounding of the scriptures (which are as a lamp), to enlighten the church, God's tabernacle upon the earth, and to direct the spiritual priests in his service. This is to be a statute for ever, that the lamps of the word be lighted as duly as the incense of prayer and praise is offered.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 27:20

We read of the candlestick in the 25th chapter; here is order given for the keeping of the lamps constantly burning in it. The pure oil signified the gifts and graces of the Spirit, which are communicated to all believers from Christ the good olive, of whose fulness we receive, Zechariah 4:11-12. The priests were to light the lamps, and to tend them; to cause the lamp to burn always, night and day. Thus it is the work of ministers to preach and expound the scriptures, which are as a lamp to enlighten the church. This is to be a statute for ever, that the lamps of the word be lighted as duly as the incense of prayer and praise is offered.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 27:20

And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive (h) beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.

(h) Such as comes from the olive, when it is first pressed or beaten.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
pure oil olive beaten:
That is, such oil as could be easily expressed from the olives, after they had been bruised in a mortar; and which is much purer than that obtained after the olives are put under the press.
Exodus 39:37 The pure candlestick, [with] the lamps thereof, [even with] the lamps to be set in order, and all the vessels thereof, and the oil for light,
Leviticus 24:2-4 Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamps to burn continually. ... He shall order the lamps upon the pure candlestick before the LORD continually.
Judges 9:9 But the olive tree said unto them, Should I leave my fatness, wherewith by me they honour God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?
Psalms 23:5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
Zechariah 4:11-14 Then answered I, and said unto him, What [are] these two olive trees upon the right [side] of the candlestick and upon the left [side] thereof? ... Then said he, These [are] the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.
Revelation 11:4 These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

for the light:

Exodus 25:31-37 And thou shalt make a candlestick [of] pure gold: [of] beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same. ... And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it.

to cause the lamp:
Josephus says, that the whole of the seven lamps burned all night; and that in the morning four were extinguished, and three burned the whole of the day. Such might have been the practice in his time; but it appears sufficiently evident from
Exodus 30:8 And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.
, and
1 Samuel 3:3 And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God [was], and Samuel was laid down [to sleep];
, that they were anciently extinguished in the morning.

to burn:
Heb. to ascend up
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Ex 25:31; 30:8; 39:37. Lv 24:2. Jg 9:9. 1S 3:3. Ps 23:5. Zc 4:11. Rv 11:4.

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