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Exodus 26:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And thou shalt make a veil of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: with cherubim the work of the skilful workman shall it be made.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And thou shalt make a vail [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning work: with cherubims shall it be made:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall make a veil of blue and purple and scarlet [material] and fine twisted linen; it shall be made with cherubim, the work of a skillful workman.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And thou shalt make a vail [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of curious work: with cherubim shall it be made.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And thou shalt make a veil of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined byssus; of artistic work shall it be made, with cherubim.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And thou shalt make a veil, of blue, and purple, and crimson, and fine-twined linen,—of the work of a skilful weaver, shall it be made, with cherubim;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And thou hast made a vail of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen, work of a designer; he maketh it [with] cherubs;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt make also a veil of violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen, wrought with embroidered work and goodly variety:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And thou shalt make a Uaile of blew, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linnen of cunning worke: with Cherubims shall it be made.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thou shalt make a veil of blue and purple and scarlet woven, and fine linen spun: thou shalt make it cherubs [in] woven work.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And thou shalt make a vail [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning work: with cherubims shall it be made:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And thou shalt make 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a vail 6532
{6532} Prime
פָּרֹכֶת
poreketh
{po-reh'-keth}
Feminine active participle of the same as H6531; a separatrix, that is, (the sacred) screen.
[of] blue, 8504
{8504} Prime
תְּכֵלֶת
t@keleth
{tek-ay'-leth}
Probably for H7827; the cerulean mussel, that is, the color (violet) obtained therefrom or stuff dyed therewith.
and purple, 713
{0713} Prime
אַרְגָּמָן
'argaman
{ar-gaw-mawn'}
Of foreign origin; purple (the color or the dyed stuff).
and scarlet, 8144
{8144} Prime
שָׁנִי
shaniy
{shaw-nee'}
Of uncertain derivation; crimson, properly the insect or its color, also stuff dyed with it.
8438
{8438} Prime
תּוֹלָע
towla`
{to-law'}
From H3216; a maggot (as voracious); specifically (often with ellipsis of H8144) the crimson grub, but used only (in this connection) of the color from it, and cloths dyed therewith.
and fine twined y7806
[7806] Standard
שָׁזַר
shazar
{shaw-zar'}
A primitive root; to twist (a thread of straw).
z8716
<8716> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 113
linen 8336
{8336} Prime
שֵׁשׁ
shesh
{shaysh}
(The second form for alliteration with H4897); for H7893; bleached stuff, that is, white linen or (by analogy) marble.
x7806
(7806) Complement
שָׁזַר
shazar
{shaw-zar'}
A primitive root; to twist (a thread of straw).
of cunning 2803
{2803} Prime
חָשַׁב
chashab
{khaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
work: 4639
{4639} Prime
מַעֲשֶׂה
ma`aseh
{mah-as-eh'}
From H6213; an action (good or bad); generally a transaction; abstractly activity; by implication a product (specifically a poem) or (generally) property.
with cherubims 3742
{3742} Prime
כְּרוּב
k@ruwb
{ker-oob'}
Of uncertain derivation; a cherub or imaginary figure.
shall it be made: 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Exodus 26:31-37

_ _ Two veils are here ordered to be made, 1. One for a partition between the holy place and the most holy, which not only forbade any to enter, but forbade them so much as to look into the holiest of all, Exodus 26:31, Exodus 26:33. Under that dispensation, divine grace was veiled, but now we behold it with open face, 2 Corinthians 3:18. The apostle tells us (Hebrews 9:8, Hebrews 9:9) what was the meaning of this veil; it intimated that the ceremonial law could not make the comers thereunto perfect, nor would the observance of it bring men to heaven; the way into the holiest of all was not made manifest while the first tabernacle was standing; life and immortality lay concealed till they were brought to light by the gospel, which was therefore signified by the rending of this veil at the death of Christ, Matthew 27:51. We have not boldness to enter into the holiest, in all acts of devotion, by the blood of Jesus, yet such as obliges us to a holy reverence and a humble sense of our distance. 2. Another veil was for the outer door of the tabernacle, Exodus 26:36, Exodus 26:37. Through this first veil the priests went in every day to minister in the holy place, but not the people, Hebrews 9:6. This veil, which was all the defence the tabernacle had against thieves and robbers, might easily be broken through, for it could be neither locked nor barred, and the abundance of wealth in the tabernacle, one would think, might be a temptation; but by leaving it thus exposed, (1.) The priests and Levites would be so much the more obliged to keep a strict watch upon it, and, (2.) God would show his care of his church on earth, though it is weak and defenceless, and continually exposed. A curtain shall be (if God please to make it so) as strong a defence to his house as gates of brass and bars of iron.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 26:31

The veils are here ordered to be made, one for a partition between the holy place and the most holy, which not only forbad any to enter, but so much as to look into the holiest of all. Under that dispensation divine grace was veiled, but now we behold it with open face. The apostle tells us, this veil, intimated that the ceremonial law could not make the comers thereunto perfect. The way into the holiest was not made manifest while the first tabernacle was standing; life and immortality lay concealed till they were brought to light by the gospel, which was therefore signified by the rending of this veil at the death of Christ. We have now boldness to enter into the holiest in all acts of devotion by the blood of Jesus; yet such as obliges us to a holy reverence, and a humble sense of our distance. Another veil was for the outward door of the tabernacle. Through this the priests went in every day to minister in the holy — place, but not the people, Hebrews 9:6. This veil was all the defence the tabernacle had against thieves and robbers, which might easily be broken through, for it could be neither locked nor bared, and the abundance of wealth in it, one would think, might be a temptation. But by leaving it thus exposed, The priests and Levites would be so much the more obliged to keep a strict watch upon it: and, God would shew his care of his church on earth, though it be weak and defenceless, and continually exposed. A curtain shall be (if God please to make it so) as strong a defence, as gates of brass and bars of iron.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a veil of:

Exodus 36:35 And he made a vail [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: [with] cherubims made he it of cunning work.
Exodus 40:3 And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the vail.
Exodus 40:21 And he brought the ark into the tabernacle, and set up the vail of the covering, and covered the ark of the testimony; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Leviticus 16:2 And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy [place] within the vail before the mercy seat, which [is] upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat.
Leviticus 16:15 Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering, that [is] for the people, and bring his blood within the vail, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat:
2 Chronicles 3:14 And he made the vail [of] blue, and purple, and crimson, and fine linen, and wrought cherubims thereon.
Matthew 27:51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;
Mark 15:38 And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom.
Luke 23:45 And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst.
Ephesians 2:14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition [between us];
Hebrews 9:3-8 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; ... The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:
Hebrews 10:20-21 By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; ... And [having] an high priest over the house of God;

blue:

Exodus 25:4 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' [hair],
Exodus 35:6 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' [hair],
Exodus 35:25 And all the women that were wise hearted did spin with their hands, and brought that which they had spun, [both] of blue, and of purple, [and] of scarlet, and of fine linen.
Exodus 35:35 Them hath he filled with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of work, of the engraver, and of the cunning workman, and of the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, [even] of them that do any work, and of those that devise cunning work.
Exodus 36:8 And every wise hearted man among them that wrought the work of the tabernacle made ten curtains [of] fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: [with] cherubims of cunning work made he them.

purple:
Argaman, a very precious colour, extracted from the purpura, or murex, a species of shell-fish; and supposed to be the same with the costly and much celebrated Tyrian purple.

scarlet:
Tolaâth; properly the worm whence the scarlet colour was produced; which grew in a coccus, or excrescence, of a shrub of the ilex kind, like the cochineal worm in the Opuntia of America; which is arranged under the same genus as the Arabic Kermez, which also denotes this colour.

cunning work:

Exodus 26:1 Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle [with] ten curtains [of] fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: [with] cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them.
Exodus 28:15 And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; [of] gold, [of] blue, and [of] purple, and [of] scarlet, and [of] fine twined linen, shalt thou make it.
Exodus 38:23 And with him [was] Aholiab, son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver, and a cunning workman, and an embroiderer in blue, and in purple, and in scarlet, and fine linen.
2 Chronicles 2:7-13 Send me now therefore a man cunning to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in iron, and in purple, and crimson, and blue, and that can skill to grave with the cunning men that [are] with me in Judah and in Jerusalem, whom David my father did provide. ... And now I have sent a cunning man, endued with understanding, of Huram my father's,
Psalms 137:5 If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget [her cunning].
Song of Songs 7:1 How beautiful are thy feet with shoes, O prince's daughter! the joints of thy thighs [are] like jewels, the work of the hands of a cunning workman.

cherubims shall it be made:

Exodus 25:18 And thou shalt make two cherubims [of] gold, [of] beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 25:4, 18; 26:1; 28:15; 35:6, 25, 35; 36:8, 35; 38:23; 40:3, 21. Lv 16:2, 15. 2Ch 2:7; 3:14. Ps 137:5. So 7:1. Mt 27:51. Mk 15:38. Lk 23:45. Ep 2:14. He 9:3; 10:20.

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