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Exodus 25:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made, even its base, and its shaft; its cups, its knops, and its flowers, shall be of one piece with it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And thou shalt make a candlestick [of] pure gold: [of] beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Then you shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The lampstand [and] its base and its shaft are to be made of hammered work; its cups, its bulbs and its flowers shall be [of one piece] with it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And thou shalt make a candlestick [of] pure gold: [of] beaten work shall the candlestick be made: its shaft, and its branches, its bowls, its knobs, and its flowers, shall be of the same.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And thou shalt make a lamp-stand of pure gold; [of] beaten work shall the lamp-stand be made: its base and its shaft, its cups, its knobs, and its flowers shall be of the same.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And thou shalt make a lampstand of pure gold,—of beaten work, shall the lampstand be made, even its base and its shaft, its cups, its apples, and its blossoms, of the same, shall be;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And thou hast made a candlestick of pure gold, of beaten work is the candlestick made; its base, and its branch, its calyxes, its knops, and its flowers are of the same;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt make also a candlestick of beaten work, of the finest gold, the shaft thereof, and the branches, the cups, and the bowls, and the lilies going forth from it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And thou shalt make a Candlesticke of pure gold: of beaten worke shall the candlesticke bee made; his shaft and his branches, his bowles, his knops, and his flowers shall be of the same.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold; thou shalt make the candlestick of graven work: its stem and its branches, and its bowls and its knops and its lilies shall be of one piece.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And thou shalt make a candlestick [of] pure gold: [of] beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And thou shalt make 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a candlestick 4501
{4501} Prime
מְנוֹרָה
m@nowrah
{men-o-raw'}
Feminine of H4500 (in the original sense of H5216); a chandelier.
[of] pure 2889
{2889} Prime
טָהוֹר
tahowr
{taw-hore'}
From H2891; pure (in a physical, chemical, ceremonial or moral sense).
gold: 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
[of] beaten work 4749
{4749} Prime
מִקְשָׁה
miqshah
{mik-shaw'}
Feminine of H4748; rounded work, that is, moulded by hammering (repousse).
shall the candlestick 4501
{4501} Prime
מְנוֹרָה
m@nowrah
{men-o-raw'}
Feminine of H4500 (in the original sense of H5216); a chandelier.
be made: 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
his shaft, 3409
{3409} Prime
יָרֵךְ
yarek
{yaw-rake'}
From an unused root meaning to be soft; the thigh (from its fleshy softness); by euphemism the generative parts; figuratively a shank, flank, side.
and his branches, 7070
{7070} Prime
קָנֶה
qaneh
{kaw-neh'}
From H7069; a reed (as erect); by resemblance a rod (especially for measuring), shaft, tube, stem, the radius (of the arm), beam (of a steelyard).
his bowls, 1375
{1375} Prime
גָּבִיעַ
g@biya`
{gheb-ee'-ah}
From an unused root (meaning to be convex); a goblet; by analogy the calyx of a flower.
his knops, 3730
{3730} Prime
כַּפְתֹּר
kaphtor
{kaf-tore'}
Probably from an unused root meaning to encircle; a chaplet; but used only in an architectonic sense, that is, the capital of a column, or a wreath like button or disk on the candelabrum.
and his flowers, 6525
{6525} Prime
פֶּרַח
perach
{peh'-rakh}
From H6524; calyx (natural or artificial); generally bloom.
shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the same.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 25:31

_ _ candlestick — literally, “a lamp bearer.” It was so constructed as to be capable of being taken to pieces for facility in removal. The shaft or stock rested on a pedestal. It had seven branches, shaped like reeds or canes — three on each side, with one in the center — and worked out into knobs, flowers, and bowls, placed alternately [Exodus 25:32-36]. The figure represented on the arch of Titus gives the best idea of this candlestick.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Exodus 25:31-40

_ _ I. The next thing ordered to be made for the furnishing of God's palace was a rich stately candlestick, all of pure gold, not hollow, but solid. The particular directions here given concerning it show, 1. That it was very magnificent, and a great ornament to the place; it had many branches drawn from the main shaft, which had not only their bowls (to put the oil and the kindled wick in) for necessity, but knops and flowers for ornament. 2. That it was very convenient, and admirably contrived both to scatter the light and to keep the tabernacle clean from smoke and snuffs. 3. That it was very significant. The tabernacle had no windows by which to let in the light of the day, all its light was candle-light, which intimates the comparative darkness of that dispensation, while the Sun or righteousness had not as yet risen, nor had the day-star from on high yet visited his church. Yet God left not himself without witness, nor them without instruction; the commandment was a lamp, and the law a light, and the prophets were branches from that lamp, which gave light in their several ages to the Old Testament church. The church is still dark, as the tabernacle was, in comparison with what it will be in heaven; but the word of God is the candlestick, a light shining in a dark place (2 Peter 1:19), and a dark place indeed the world would be without it. The Spirit of God, in his various gifts and graces, is compared to the seven lamps which burn before the throne, Revelation 4:5. The churches are golden candlesticks, the lights of the world, holding forth the word of life as the candlestick does the light, Philippians 2:15, Philippians 2:16. Ministers are to light the lamps, and snuff them (Exodus 25:37), by opening the scriptures. The treasure of this light is now put into earthen vessels, 2 Corinthians 4:6, 2 Corinthians 4:7. The branches of the candlestick spread every way, to denote the diffusing of the light of the gospel into all parts by the Christian ministry, Matthew 5:14, Matthew 5:15. There is a diversity of gifts, but the same Spirit gives to each to profit withal.

_ _ II. There is in the midst of these instructions an express caution given to Moses, to take heed of varying from his model: Make them after the pattern shown thee, Exodus 25:40. Nothing was left to his own invention, or the fancy of the workmen, or the people's humour; but the will of God must be religiously observed in every particular. Thus, 1. All God's providences are exactly according to his counsels, and the copy never varies from the original. Infinite Wisdom never changes its measures; whatever is purposed shall undoubtedly be performed. 2. All his ordinances must be administered according to his institutions. Christ's instruction to his disciples (Matthew 28:20) is similar to this: Observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 25:31

This candlestick had many branches drawn from the main shaft, which had not only bowls to put the oil and the kindled wick in for necessity, but knops made in the form of a pomegranate and flowers for ornament. The tabernacle had no windows, all its light was candle — light, which notes the comparative darkness of that dispensation, while the sun of righteousness was not as yet risen, nor had the day — star from on high visited his church. Yet God left not himself without witness, nor them without instruction; the commandment was a lamp, and the law a light, and the prophets were branches from that lamp, which gave light in their several ages. The church is still dark, as the tabernacle was, in comparison with what it will be in heaven: but the word of God is the candlestick, a light burning in a dark place.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 25:31

And thou shalt make a candlestick [of] pure gold: [of] beaten (i) work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

(i) It shall not be molten, but beaten out of the lump of gold with the hammer.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a candlestick:

Exodus 35:14 The candlestick also for the light, and his furniture, and his lamps, with the oil for the light,
Exodus 37:17-24 And he made the candlestick [of] pure gold: [of] beaten work made he the candlestick; his shaft, and his branch, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, were of the same: ... [Of] a talent of pure gold made he it, and all the vessels thereof.
Exodus 40:24-25 And he put the candlestick in the tent of the congregation, over against the table, on the side of the tabernacle southward. ... And he lighted the lamps before the LORD; as the LORD commanded Moses.
1 Kings 7:49 And the candlesticks of pure gold, five on the right [side], and five on the left, before the oracle, with the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs [of] gold,
2 Chronicles 13:11 And they burn unto the LORD every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense: the shewbread also [set they in order] upon the pure table; and the candlestick of gold with the lamps thereof, to burn every evening: for we keep the charge of the LORD our God; but ye have forsaken him.
Zechariah 4:2 And said unto me, What seest thou? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all [of] gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which [are] upon the top thereof:
Hebrews 9:2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein [was] the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary.
Revelation 1:12 And I turned to see the voice that spake with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks;
Revelation 1:20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.
Revelation 2:1 Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;
Revelation 2:5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.
Revelation 4:5 And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and [there were] seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.

his knops:

1 Kings 6:18 And the cedar of the house within [was] carved with knops and open flowers: all [was] cedar; there was no stone seen.
1 Kings 7:24 And under the brim of it round about [there were] knops compassing it, ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about: the knops [were] cast in two rows, when it was cast.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 35:14; 37:17; 40:24. 1K 6:18; 7:24, 49. 2Ch 13:11. Zc 4:2. He 9:2. Rv 1:12, 20; 2:1, 5; 4:5.

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