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Exodus 24:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: and they beheld God, and did eat and drink.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Yet He did not stretch out His hand against the nobles of the sons of Israel; and they saw God, and they ate and drank.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw God, and ate and drank.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And on the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: they saw God, and ate and drank.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— against the nobles of the sons of Israel, put he not forth his hand,—so then they had vision of God, and did eat and drink.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and unto those of the sons of Israel who are near He hath not put forth His hand, and they see God, and eat and drink.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Neither did he lay his hand upon those of the children of Israel, that retired afar off, and they saw God, and they did eat and drink.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And vpon the Nobles of the children of Israel he layd not his hand: also they saw God, and did eate and drinke.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And of the chosen ones of Israel there was not even one missing, and they appeared in the place of God, and did eat and drink.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And upon the nobles of the children of Yisrael he laid not his hand: also they saw Elohim, and did eat and drink.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And upon x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the nobles 678
{0678} Prime
אָצִיל
'atsiyl
{aw-tseel'}
From H0680 (in its secondary sense of separation); an extremity (Isaiah 41:9), also a noble.
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
he laid 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
his hand: 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
also they saw 2372
{2372} Prime
חָזָה
chazah
{khaw-zaw'}
A primitive root; to gaze at; mentally to perceive, contemplate (with pleasure); specifically to have a vision of.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
and did eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and drink. 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 24:11

_ _ upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand — The “nobles,” that is, the elders, after the sprinkling of the blood, were not inspired with terror in presence of the calm, benign, radiant symbol of the divine majesty; so different from the terrific exhibitions at the giving of the law. The report of so many competent witnesses would tend to confirm the people’s faith in the divine mission of Moses.

_ _ eat and drink — feasted on the peace offering — on the remnants of the late sacrifices and libations. This feast had a prophetic bearing, intimating God’s dwelling with men.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 24:9-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 24:11

Upon the nobles or elders of Israel he laid not his hand — Though they were men, the splendour of his glory did not overwhelm them, but it was so moderated (Job 36:9,) and they were so strengthened (Daniel 10:19,) that they were able to bear it: nay, though they were sinful men, and obnoxious to God's justice, yet he did not lay his avenging hand upon them, as they feared he would. When we consider what a consuming fire God is, and what stubble we are before him, we shall have reason to say, in all our approaches to him, It is of the Lord's mercies we are not consumed. They saw God, and did eat and drink; They had not only their lives preserved, but their vigour, courage, and comfort; it cast no damp upon their joy, but rather increased it. They feasted upon the sacrifice before God, in token of their chearful consent to the covenant, their grateful acceptance of the benefits of it, and their communion with God in pursuance of that covenant.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 24:11

And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he (f) laid not his hand: also they saw God, and (g) did eat and drink.

(f) He did not make them afraid, nor punish them.

(g) That is, rejoiced.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
nobles:

Exodus 24:1 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off.
Exodus 24:9 Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:
Numbers 21:18 The princes digged the well, the nobles of the people digged it, by [the direction of] the lawgiver, with their staves. And from the wilderness [they went] to Mattanah:
Judges 5:13 Then he made him that remaineth have dominion over the nobles among the people: the LORD made me have dominion over the mighty.
1 Kings 21:8 So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed [them] with his seal, and sent the letters unto the elders and to the nobles that [were] in his city, dwelling with Naboth.
2 Chronicles 23:20 And he took the captains of hundreds, and the nobles, and the governors of the people, and all the people of the land, and brought down the king from the house of the LORD: and they came through the high gate into the king's house, and set the king upon the throne of the kingdom.
Nehemiah 2:16 And the rulers knew not whither I went, or what I did; neither had I as yet told [it] to the Jews, nor to the priests, nor to the nobles, nor to the rulers, nor to the rest that did the work.
Jeremiah 14:3 And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, [and] found no water; they returned with their vessels empty; they were ashamed and confounded, and covered their heads.

laid not:

Exodus 19:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish.
Exodus 33:20-23 And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live. ... And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.
Genesis 32:24-32 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. ... Therefore the children of Israel eat not [of] the sinew which shrank, which [is] upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh in the sinew that shrank.
Deuteronomy 4:33 Did [ever] people hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, and live?
Judges 13:22 And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God.

they saw:

Exodus 24:10 And they saw the God of Israel: and [there was] under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in [his] clearness.
Genesis 16:13 And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?

did eat:

Exodus 18:12 And Jethro, Moses' father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father in law before God.
Genesis 18:18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?
Genesis 31:54 Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat bread, and tarried all night in the mount.
Deuteronomy 12:7 And there ye shall eat before the LORD your God, and ye shall rejoice in all that ye put your hand unto, ye and your households, wherein the LORD thy God hath blessed thee.
Ecclesiastes 9:7 Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a merry heart; for God now accepteth thy works.
Luke 15:23-24 And bring hither the fatted calf, and kill [it]; and let us eat, and be merry: ... For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry.
1 Corinthians 10:16-18 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? ... Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 16:13; 18:18; 31:54; 32:24. Ex 18:12; 19:21; 24:1, 9, 10; 33:20. Nu 21:18. Dt 4:33; 12:7. Jg 5:13; 13:22. 1K 21:8. 2Ch 23:20. Ne 2:16. Ec 9:7. Jr 14:3. Lk 15:23. 1Co 10:16.

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