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Exodus 23:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Keep far from a false charge, and do not kill the innocent or the righteous, for I will not acquit the guilty.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou shalt keep far from the cause of falsehood; and the innocent and righteous slay not; for I will not justify the wicked.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— From a matter of falsehood, thou shalt keep far away,—and, the innocent one and the righteous, do not thou slay, for I will not justify a lawless man.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— from a false matter thou dost keep far off, and an innocent and righteous man thou dost not slay; for I do not justify a wicked man.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt fly lying. The innocent and just person thou shalt not put to death: because I abhor the wicked.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Keepe thee farre from a false matter: and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not iustifie the wicked.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou shalt abstain from every unjust thing: thou shalt not slay the innocent and just, and thou shalt not justify the wicked for gifts.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Keep thee far 7368
{7368} Prime
רָחַק
rachaq
{raw-khak'}
A primitive root; to widen (in any direction), that is, (intransitively) recede or (transitively) remove (literally or figuratively, of place or relation).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
from a false y8267
[8267] Standard
שֶׁקֶר
sheqer
{sheh'-ker}
From H8266; an untruth; by implication a sham (often adverbially).
matter; 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x8267
(8267) Complement
שֶׁקֶר
sheqer
{sheh'-ker}
From H8266; an untruth; by implication a sham (often adverbially).
and the innocent 5355
{5355} Prime
נָקִי
naqiy
{naw-kee'}
From H5352; innocent.
and righteous 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
slay 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thou not: x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
I will not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
justify 6663
{6663} Prime
צָדַק
tsadaq
{tsaw-dak'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) right (in a moral or forensic sense).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the wicked. 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 23:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 23:7

Keep thee far from a false matter — From assisting or abetting an ill thing. Yea, keep thee far from it, dread it as a dangerous snare. I will not justify the wicked — That is, I will condemn him that unjustly condemns others.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 23:7

Keep thee far from a false matter; and the (d) innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.

(d) Whether you are the magistrate or are commanded by the magistrate.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
far from:

Exodus 23:1 Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.
Leviticus 19:11 Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.
Deuteronomy 19:16-21 If a false witness rise up against any man to testify against him [that which is] wrong; ... And thine eye shall not pity; [but] life [shall go] for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
Job 22:23 If thou return to the Almighty, thou shalt be built up, thou shalt put away iniquity far from thy tabernacles.
Proverbs 4:14-15 Enter not into the path of the wicked, and go not in the way of evil [men]. ... Avoid it, pass not by it, turn from it, and pass away.
Isaiah 33:15 He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil;
Luke 3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse [any] falsely; and be content with your wages.
Ephesians 4:25 Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
1 Thessalonians 5:22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.

the innocent:

Deuteronomy 27:25 Cursed [be] he that taketh reward to slay an innocent person. And all the people shall say, Amen.

for I will not:

Exodus 34:7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear [the guilty]; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth [generation].
Proverbs 17:15 He that justifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth the just, even they both [are] abomination to the LORD.
Nahum 1:3 The LORD [is] slow to anger, and great in power, and will not at all acquit [the wicked]: the LORD hath his way in the whirlwind and in the storm, and the clouds [are] the dust of his feet.
Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
Romans 2:5-6 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God; ... Who will render to every man according to his deeds:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 23:1; 34:7. Lv 19:11. Dt 19:16; 27:25. Jb 22:23. Pv 4:14; 17:15. Is 33:15. Na 1:3. Lk 3:14. Ro 1:18; 2:5. Ep 4:25. 1Th 5:22.

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