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Exodus 22:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If the theft be found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he shall pay double.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “If what he stole is actually found alive in his possession, whether an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he shall pay double.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If the theft shall be certainly found in his hand alive, whether an ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If the stolen thing be actually found alive in his hand, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he shall restore double.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If the thing stolen is, found in his hand—whether ox, or ass, or sheep, alive, with two, shall he make restitution.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— if the theft is certainly found in his hand alive, whether ox, or ass, or sheep—double he repayeth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If that which he stole be found with him, alive, either ox, or ass, or sheep: he shall restore double.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If the theft be certainely found in his hand aliue, whether it bee oxe or asse, or sheepe, he shall restore double.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And if the thing stolen be left and be in his hand alive, whether ox or sheep, he shall restore them two-fold.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
the theft 1591
{1591} Prime
גְּנֵבָה
g@nebah
{ghen-ay-baw'}
From H1589; stealing, that is, (concretely) something stolen.
be certainly y4672
[4672] Standard
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
found 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
in his hand 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
alive, 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
whether it be ox, 7794
{7794} Prime
שׁוֹר
showr
{shore}
From H7788; a bullock (as a traveller). wall used by mistake for H7791.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
or x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
ass, 2543
{2543} Prime
חֲמוֹר
chamowr
{kham-ore'}
From H2560; a male ass (from its dun red).
or x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
sheep; 7716
{7716} Prime
שֶׂה
seh
{seh}
Probably from H7582 through the idea of pushing out to graze; a member of a flock, that is, a sheep or goat.
he shall restore 7999
{7999} Prime
שָׁלַם
shalam
{shaw-lam'}
A primitive root; to be safe (in mind, body or estate); figuratively to be (causatively make) completed; by implication to be friendly; by extension to reciprocate (in various applications).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
double. 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 22:1-4.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 22:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 22:4

In his hand alive — Not killed, nor sold, as Exodus 22:1, so that the owner recover it with less charge and trouble.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
found:

Exodus 21:16 And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

he shall restore double:

Exodus 22:1 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.
Exodus 22:7 If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double.
Exodus 22:9 For all manner of trespass, [whether it be] for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, [or] for any manner of lost thing, which [another] challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; [and] whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.
Proverbs 6:31 But [if] he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.
Isaiah 40:2 Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the LORD'S hand double for all her sins.
Jeremiah 16:18 And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double; because they have defiled my land, they have filled mine inheritance with the carcases of their detestable and abominable things.
Revelation 18:6 Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 21:16; 22:1, 7, 9. Pv 6:31. Is 40:2. Jr 16:18. Rv 18:6.

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