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Exodus 22:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou shalt not revile God, nor curse a ruler of thy people.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall not curse God, nor curse a ruler of your people.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou shalt not revile the judges, nor curse a prince amongst thy people.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— God, shalt thou not revile,—and, a prince among thy people, shalt thou not curse.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'God thou dost not revile, and a prince among thy people thou dost not curse.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt not speak ill of the gods, and the prince of thy people thou shalt not curse.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou shalt not reuile the Gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor speak ill of the ruler of thy people.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou shalt not revile the elohim, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou shalt not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
revile 7043
{7043} Prime
קָלַל
qalal
{kaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) light, literally (swift, small, sharp, etc.) or figuratively (easy, trifling, vile, etc.).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
the lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
curse 779
{0779} Prime
אָרַר
'arar
{aw-rar'}
A primitive root; to execrate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the ruler 5387
{5387} Prime
נָשִׂיא
nasiy'
{naw-see'}
From H5375; properly an exalted one, that is, a king or sheik; also a rising mist.
of thy people. 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Exodus 22:28

_ _ gods — a word which is several times in this chapter rendered “judges” or magistrates.

_ _ the ruler of thy people — and the chief magistrate who was also the high priest, at least in the time of Paul (Acts 23:1-5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 22:25-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 22:28

Thou shalt not revile the gods — That is, the judges and magistrates. Princes and magistrates are our fathers, whom the fifth commandment obligeth us to honour, and forbids us to revile. St. Paul applies this law to himself, and owns that he ought not to speak evil of the ruler of his people, no, not though he was then his most unrighteous persecutor, Acts 23:5.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the gods:
or, judges,
Exodus 22:8-9 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, [to see] whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods. ... For all manner of trespass, [whether it be] for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, [or] for any manner of lost thing, which [another] challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; [and] whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.
Psalms 32:6 For this shall every one that is godly pray unto thee in a time when thou mayest be found: surely in the floods of great waters they shall not come nigh unto him.
Psalms 82:1-7 [[A Psalm of Asaph.]] God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. ... But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes.
Psalms 138:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] I will praise thee with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing praise unto thee.
John 10:34-35 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods? ... If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;

nor curse:

Exodus 21:17 And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.
1 Samuel 24:6 And he said unto his men, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing unto my master, the LORD'S anointed, to stretch forth mine hand against him, seeing he [is] the anointed of the LORD.
1 Samuel 24:10 Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and [some] bade [me] kill thee: but [mine eye] spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he [is] the LORD'S anointed.
1 Samuel 26:9 And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the LORD'S anointed, and be guiltless?
Ecclesiastes 10:20 Curse not the king, no not in thy thought; and curse not the rich in thy bedchamber: for a bird of the air shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter.
Acts 23:3 Then said Paul unto him, God shall smite thee, [thou] whited wall: for sittest thou to judge me after the law, and commandest me to be smitten contrary to the law?
Acts 23:5 Then said Paul, I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest: for it is written, Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler of thy people.
Romans 13:2-7 Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation. ... Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute [is due]; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.
Titus 3:1-2 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work, ... To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, [but] gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.
1 Peter 2:17 Honour all [men]. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king.
2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities.
Jude 1:8 Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 21:17; 22:8. 1S 24:6, 10; 26:9. Ps 32:6; 82:1; 138:1. Ec 10:20. Jn 10:34. Ac 23:3, 5. Ro 13:2. Tit 3:1. 1P 2:17. 2P 2:10. Jde 1:8.

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