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Exodus 22:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money equal to the dowry for virgins.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If her father shall utterly refuse to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the dower of virgins.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall weigh money according to the dowry of virgins.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If her father, utterly refuse, to give her to him, silver, shall he weigh out, according to the purchase-price of virgins.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— if her father utterly refuse to give her to him, money he doth weigh out according to the dowry of virgins.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If the maid's father will not give her to him, he shall give money according to the dowry, which virgins are wont to receive.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If her father vtterly refuse to giue her vnto him, he shall pay money according to the dowrie of virgins.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And if her father positively refuse, and will not consent to give her to him for a wife, he shall pay compensation to her father according to the amount of the dowry of virgins.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
her father 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
utterly y3985
[3985] Standard
מָאֵן
ma'en
{maw-ane'}
A primitive root; to refuse.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
refuse 3985
{3985} Prime
מָאֵן
ma'en
{maw-ane'}
A primitive root; to refuse.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
to give 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
her unto him, he shall pay 8254
{8254} Prime
שָׁקַל
shaqal
{shaw-kal'}
A primitive root; to suspend or poise (especially in trade).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
money 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
according to the dowry 4119
{4119} Prime
מֹהַר
mohar
{mo'-har}
From H4117; a price (for a wife).
of virgins. 1330
{1330} Prime
בְּתוּלָה
b@thuwlah
{beth-oo-law'}
Feminine passive participle of an unused root meaning to separate; a virgin (from her privacy); sometimes (by continuation) a bride; also (figuratively) a city or state.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 22:16-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 22:17

If the father refused, he shall pay money — This shews how ill a thing it is, and by no means to be allowed, that children should marry without their parents consent: even here where the divine law appointed the marriage, both as a punishment to him that had done wrong, and a recompence to her that had suffered wrong, yet there was an express reservation for the father's power; if he denied his consent, it must be no marriage.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
utterly:

Deuteronomy 7:3-4 Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son. ... For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly.

pay:
Heb. weigh,
Genesis 23:16 And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron; and Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver, which he had named in the audience of the sons of Heth, four hundred shekels of silver, current [money] with the merchant.

dowry of virgins:

Genesis 34:12 Ask me never so much dowry and gift, and I will give according as ye shall say unto me: but give me the damsel to wife.
Deuteronomy 22:29 Then the man that lay with her shall give unto the damsel's father fifty [shekels] of silver, and she shall be his wife; because he hath humbled her, he may not put her away all his days.
1 Samuel 18:25 And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dowry, but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
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Gn 23:16; 34:12. Dt 7:3; 22:29. 1S 18:25.

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