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Exodus 21:33 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “If a man opens a pit, or digs a pit and does not cover it over, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass shall fall into it;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— —And if a man open a pit, or if a man dig a pit, and do not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall into it,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when a man openeth a pit, or when a man diggeth a pit, and doth not cover it,—and there falleth thereinto an ox or an ass,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And when a man doth open a pit, or when a man doth dig a pit, and doth not cover it, and an ox or ass hath fallen thither,—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If a man open a pit, and dig one, and cover it not, and an ox or an ass fall into it,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall digge a pit, and not couer it, and an oxe or an asse fall therein:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And if any one open a pit or dig a cavity in stone, and cover it not, and an ox or an ass fall in there,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And if x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
shall open 6605
{6605} Prime
פָּתַח
pathach
{paw-thakh'}
A primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically to loosen, begin, plough, carve.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a pit, 953
{0953} Prime
בּוֹר
bowr
{bore}
From H0952 (in the sense of H0877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison).
or x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
if x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
shall dig 3738
{3738} Prime
כָּרָה
karah
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root; properly to dig; figuratively to plot; generally to bore or open.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a pit, 953
{0953} Prime
בּוֹר
bowr
{bore}
From H0952 (in the sense of H0877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison).
and not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
cover 3680
{3680} Prime
כָּסָה
kacah
{kaw-saw'}
A primitive root; properly to plump, that is, fill up hollows; by implication to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
it, and an ox 7794
{7794} Prime
שׁוֹר
showr
{shore}
From H7788; a bullock (as a traveller). wall used by mistake for H7791.
or x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
an ass 2543
{2543} Prime
חֲמוֹר
chamowr
{kham-ore'}
From H2560; a male ass (from its dun red).
fall 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
therein; x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 21:28-36.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 21:22-36.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 9:15 The heathen are sunk down in the pit [that] they made: in the net which they hid is their own foot taken.
Psalms 119:85 The proud have digged pits for me, which [are] not after thy law.
Proverbs 28:10 Whoso causeth the righteous to go astray in an evil way, he shall fall himself into his own pit: but the upright shall have good [things] in possession.
Ecclesiastes 10:8 He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it; and whoso breaketh an hedge, a serpent shall bite him.
Jeremiah 18:20 Shall evil be recompensed for good? for they have digged a pit for my soul. Remember that I stood before thee to speak good for them, [and] to turn away thy wrath from them.
Jeremiah 18:22 Let a cry be heard from their houses, when thou shalt bring a troop suddenly upon them: for they have digged a pit to take me, and hid snares for my feet.
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Ps 9:15; 119:85. Pv 28:10. Ec 10:8. Jr 18:20, 22.

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