A primitive root; properly to mark
(so as to be recognized), that is, to remember
; by implication to mention
; also (as denominative from H2145
) to be male
Stem - Qal (See H8851
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812
Count - 4888
Apparently contracted from H0226
in the demonstrative sense of entity
; properly self
(but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even
Intensive from H7673
, that is, (specifically) the Sabbath
From an unused root meaning to be hot
; a day
(as the warm
hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
to keep it holy.
A primitive root; to be
(ceremonially or morally).
Stem - Piel (See H8840
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812
Count - 790
_ _ Remember the sabbath day implying it was already known, and recognized as a season of sacred rest. The first four commandments [Exodus 20:3-11] comprise our duties to God the other six [Exodus 20:12-17] our duties to our fellow men; and as interpreted by Christ, they reach to the government of the heart as well as the lip (Matthew 5:17). “If a man do them he shall live in them” [Leviticus 18:5; Nehemiah 9:29]. But, ah! what an if for frail and fallen man. Whoever rests his hope upon the law stands debtor to it all; and in this view every one would be without hope were not “the LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS” [Jeremiah 23:6; Jeremiah 33:16] (John 1:17).
The fourth commandment concerns the time of worship; God is to be served and honoured daily; but one day in seven is to be particularly dedicated to his honour, and spent in his service. Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy; in it thou shalt do no manner of work It is taken for granted that the sabbath was instituted before. We read of God's blessing and sanctifying a seventh day from the beginning, Genesis 2:3, so that this was not the enacting of a new law, but the reviving of an old law. 1st. They are told what is the day, they must observe, a seventh after six days labour, whether this was the seventh by computation from the first seventh, or from the day of their coming out of Egypt, or both, is not certain. A late pious Writer seems to prove, That the sabbath was changed, when Israel came out of Egypt; which change continued till our Lord rose again: But that then the Original Sabbath was restored. And he makes it highly probable, at least, That the sabbath we observe, is the seventh day from the creation. 2dly, How it must be observed; As a day of rest; they were to do no manner of work on this day, in their worldly business. As a holy day, set apart to the honour of the holy God, and to be spent in holy exercises. God, by his blessing it, had made it holy; they, by solemn blessing him, must keep it holy, and not alienate it to any other purpose than that for which the difference between it and other days was instituted. 3dly, Who must observe it? Thou and thy son and thy daughter The wife is not mentioned, because she is supposed to be one with the husband, and present with him, and if he sanctify the sabbath, it is taken for granted she will join with him; but the rest of the family is instanced in it, children and servants must keep it according to their age and capacity. In this, as in other instances of religion, it is expected that masters of families should take care, not only to serve the Lord themselves, but that their houses also should serve him. Even the proselyted strangers must observe a difference between this day and other days, which, if it laid some restraint upon them then, yet proved a happy indication of God's gracious design, to bring the Gentiles into the church. By the sanctification of the sabbath, the Jews declared that they worshipped the God that made the world, and so distinguished themselves from all other nations, who worshipped gods which they themselves made. God has given us an example of rest after six days work; he rested the seventh day Took a complacency in himself, and rejoiced in the work of his hand, to teach us on that day, to take a complacency in him, and to give him the glory of his works. The sabbath begun in the finishing of the work of creation; so will the everlasting sabbath in the finishing of the work of providence and redemption; and we observe the weekly sabbath in expectation of that, as well as in remembrance of the former, in both conforming ourselves to him we worship. He hath himself blessed the sabbath day and sanctified it. He hath put an honour upon it; it is holy to the Lord, and honourable; and he hath put blessings into it which he hath encouraged us to expect from him in the religious observation of that day. Let us not profane, dishonour, and level that with common time, which God's blessing hath thus dignified and distinguished.
Remember the sabbath day, (g) to keep it holy.
(g) Which is by meditating the spiritual rest, by hearing God's word, and resting from worldly labours.
And he said unto them, This [is that
] which the LORD hath said, To morrow [is
] the rest
of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake
] which ye will bake [to day
], and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. ... So the people rested on the seventh day.
Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily
my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it [is
] a sign
between me and you throughout your generations; that [ye] may
know that I [am
] the LORD that doth sanctify you. ... Ye shall keep
the sabbath therefore; for it [is
] holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth
] work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
And God blessed
the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made
Ye shall fear
every man his mother, and his father, and keep
my sabbaths: I [am
] the LORD your God.
Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day [is
] the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work [therein
]: it [is
] the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
For thus saith the LORD unto the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose
] that please me, and take hold
of my covenant; ... Also the sons of the stranger, that join
themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love
the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every
one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant;
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