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Exodus 20:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God [was].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So the people stood at a distance, while Moses approached the thick cloud where God [was].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God [was].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near to the obscurity where God was.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So then the people stood afar off,—and, Moses, approached unto the thick gloom, where God was.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the people stand afar off, and Moses hath drawn nigh unto the thick darkness where God [is].
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the people stood afar off. But Moses went to the dark cloud wherein God was.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the people stood afarre off, and Moses drew neere vnto the thicke darkenes, where God was.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the people stood afar off, and Mosheh{gr.Moses} went into the darkness where God was.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the people stood afar off, and Mosheh drew near unto the thick darkness where Elohim [was].

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the people 5971
{5971} Prime
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
stood 5975
{5975} Prime
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
afar off, 7350
{7350} Prime
From H7368; remote, literally of figuratively, of place or time; specifically precious; often used adverbially (with preposition).
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and M מֹשֶׁה 4872
{4872} Prime
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
drew near 5066
{5066} Prime
A primitive root; to be or come (causatively bring) near (for any purpose); euphemistically to lie with a woman; as an enemy, to attack; religiously to worship; causatively to present; figuratively to adduce an argument; by reversal, to stand back.
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
unto x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the thick darkness 6205
{6205} Prime
Probably from H6201; gloom (as of a lowering sky).
where x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
(8033) Complement
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 20:18-21.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 20:18-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 20:21

While the people continued to stand afar off — Afraid of God's wrath, Moses drew near unto the thick darkness; he was made to draw near, so the word is: Moses of himself durst not have ventured into the thick darkness if God had not called him, and encouraged him, and, as some of the Rabbins suppose, sent an angel to take him by the hand, and lead him up.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the people:

Exodus 19:16-17 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that [was] in the camp trembled. ... And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount.
Deuteronomy 5:5 (I stood between the LORD and you at that time, to shew you the word of the LORD: for ye were afraid by reason of the fire, and went not up into the mount;) saying,


1 Kings 8:12 Then spake Solomon, The LORD said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
2 Chronicles 6:1 Then said Solomon, The LORD hath said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
Psalms 18:9 He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and darkness [was] under his feet.
Psalms 18:12 At the brightness [that was] before him his thick clouds passed, hail [stones] and coals of fire.
Psalms 97:2 Clouds and darkness [are] round about him: righteousness and judgment [are] the habitation of his throne.
Psalms 104:2 Who coverest [thyself] with light as [with] a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain:
1 Timothy 6:16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom [be] honour and power everlasting. Amen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 19:16. Dt 5:5. 1K 8:12. 2Ch 6:1. Ps 18:9, 12; 97:2; 104:2. 1Ti 6:16.

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