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Exodus 20:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before you, that ye sin not.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid; for God has come in order to test you, and in order that the fear of Him may remain with you, so that you may not sin.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Moses said to the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Moses said to the people, Fear not; for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before you, that ye sin not.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Moses said unto the people—Do not fear, for, to the end he may prove you, hath God come,—and to the end the reverence of him may be upon your faces, that ye sin not.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Moses saith unto the people, 'Fear not, for to try you hath God come, and in order that His fear may be before your faces—that ye sin not.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Moses said to the people: Fear not; for God is come to prove you, and that the dread of him might be in you, and you should not sin.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Moses said vnto the people, Feare not: for God is come to prooue you, and that his feare may bee before your faces, that ye sinne not.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Mosheh{gr.Moses} says to them, Be of good courage, for God is come to you to try you, that his fear may be among you, that ye sin not.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Mosheh said unto the people, Fear not: for Elohim is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And M מֹשֶׁה 4872
{4872} Prime
מֹשֶׁה
Mosheh
{mo-sheh'}
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the people, 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
Fear 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not: x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
is come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to 5668
{5668} Prime
בַּעֲבוּר
`abuwr
{aw-boor'}
Passive participle of H5674; properly crossed, that is, (abstractly) transit; used only adverbially on account of, in order that.
prove 5254
{5254} Prime
נָסַה
nacah
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to test; by implication to attempt.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
you, and that x5668
(5668) Complement
בַּעֲבוּר
`abuwr
{aw-boor'}
Passive participle of H5674; properly crossed, that is, (abstractly) transit; used only adverbially on account of, in order that.
his fear 3374
{3374} Prime
יִרְאָה
yir'ah
{yir-aw'}
Feminine of H3373; fear (also used as infinitive); morally reverence.
may be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
before x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
your faces, 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
that ye sin 2398
{2398} Prime
חטא
chata'
{khaw-taw'}
A primitive root; properly to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not. x1115
(1115) Complement
בִּלְתִּי
biltiy
{bil-tee'}
Constructive feminine of H1086 (equivalent to H1097); properly a failure of, that is, (used only as a negative particle, usually with prepositional prefix) not, except, without, unless, besides, because not, until, etc.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 20:18-21.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 20:18-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 20:20

Fear not — That is, Think not that this thunder and fire is, designed to consume you. No; it was intended, To prove them, to try how they could like dealing with God immediately, without a mediator, and so to convince them how admirably well God had chosen for them in putting Moses into that office. Ever since Adam fled upon hearing God's voice in the garden, sinful man could not bear either to speak to God, or hear from him immediately. To keep them to their duty, and prevent their sinning against God. We must not fear with amazement; but we must always have in our minds a reverence of God's majesty, a dread of his displeasure, and an obedient regard to his sovereign authority.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 20:20

And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to (o) prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.

(o) Whether you will obey his precepts as you promised in (Exodus 19:8).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Fear not:

1 Samuel 12:20 And Samuel said unto the people, Fear not: ye have done all this wickedness: yet turn not aside from following the LORD, but serve the LORD with all your heart;
Isaiah 41:10 Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.

prove:

Exodus 15:25-26 And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, [which] when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them, ... And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I [am] the LORD that healeth thee.
Genesis 22:1 And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, [here] I [am].
Genesis 22:12 And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son] from me.
Deuteronomy 8:2 And thou shalt remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, [and] to prove thee, to know what [was] in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no.
Deuteronomy 13:3 Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams: for the LORD your God proveth you, to know whether ye love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.

his fear:

Genesis 20:11 And Abraham said, Because I thought, Surely the fear of God [is] not in this place; and they will slay me for my wife's sake.
Deuteronomy 6:2 That thou mightest fear the LORD thy God, to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, all the days of thy life; and that thy days may be prolonged.
Deuteronomy 10:12 And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul,
Joshua 24:14 Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD.
Nehemiah 5:15 But the former governors that [had been] before me were chargeable unto the people, and had taken of them bread and wine, beside forty shekels of silver; yea, even their servants bare rule over the people: but so did not I, because of the fear of God.
Job 28:28 And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that [is] wisdom; and to depart from evil [is] understanding.
Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of knowledge: [but] fools despise wisdom and instruction.
Proverbs 3:7 Be not wise in thine own eyes: fear the LORD, and depart from evil.
Isaiah 8:13 Sanctify the LORD of hosts himself; and [let] him [be] your fear, and [let] him [be] your dread.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 20:11; 22:1, 12. Ex 15:25. Dt 6:2; 8:2; 10:12; 13:3. Jsh 24:14. 1S 12:20. Ne 5:15. Jb 28:28. Pv 1:7; 3:7. Is 8:13; 41:10.

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