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Exodus 20:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then they said to Moses, “Speak to us yourself and we will listen; but let not God speak to us, or we will die.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they said to Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and said to Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they said unto Moses, Speak, thou, with us, and we will hear,—but let not God speak, with us, lest we die.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and say unto Moses, 'Speak thou with us, and we hear, and let not God speak with us, lest we die.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Saying to Moses: Speak thou to us, and we will hear: let not the Lord speak to us, lest we die.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they saide vnto Moses, Speake thou with vs, and wee will heare: But let not God speake with vs, lest we die.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and said to Mosheh{gr.Moses}, Speak thou to us, and let not God speak to us, lest we die.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they said unto Mosheh, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not Elohim speak with us, lest we die.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
M מֹשֶׁה, 4872
{4872} Prime
מֹשֶׁה
Mosheh
{mo-sheh'}
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
Speak 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
us, and we will hear: 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
but let not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
speak 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
us, lest x6435
(6435) Complement
פֵּן
pen
{pane}
From H6437; properly removal; used only (in the constructive) adverbially as conjugation lest.
we die. 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 20:18-21.


Exodus 20:19

_ _ let not God speak with us, lest we die, etc. — The phenomena of thunder and lightning had been one of the plagues so fatal to Egypt, and as they heard God speaking to them now, they were apprehensive of instant death also. Even Moses himself, the mediator of the old covenant, did “exceedingly quake and fear” (Hebrews 12:21). But doubtless God spake what gave him relief — restored him to a frame of mind fit for the ministrations committed to him; and hence immediately after he was enabled to relieve and comfort them with the relief and comfort which he himself had received from God (2 Corinthians 1:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 20:18-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 20:19

Speak thou with us — Hereby they obliged themselves to acquiesce in the mediation of Moses, they themselves nominating him as a fit person to deal between them and God, and promising to hearken to him as to God's messenger.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Speak thou:

Deuteronomy 18:16 According to all that thou desiredst of the LORD thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not.
Acts 7:38 This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spake to him in the mount Sina, and [with] our fathers: who received the lively oracles to give unto us:

let not:

Exodus 33:20 And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.
Genesis 32:30 And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.
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Gn 32:30. Ex 33:20. Dt 18:16. Ac 7:38.

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