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Exodus 20:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou shalt not testify against thy neighbour, with a witness of falsehood.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Thou dost not answer against thy neighbour a false testimony.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou shalt not beare false witnes against thy neighbour.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou shalt not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
bear 6030
{6030} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
false 8267
{8267} Prime
שֶׁקֶר
sheqer
{sheh'-ker}
From H8266; an untruth; by implication a sham (often adverbially).
witness 5707
{5707} Prime
עֵד
`ed
{ayd}
From H5749 contracted; concretely a witness; abstractly testimony; specifically a recorder, that is, prince.
against thy neighbour. 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Exodus 20:12-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Exodus 20:16

Thou shalt not bear false witness — This forbids, Speaking falsely in any matter, lying, equivocating, and any way devising and designing to deceive our neighbour. Speaking unjustly against our neighbour, to the prejudice of his reputation; And (which is the highest offence of both these kinds put together) Bearing false witness against him, laying to his charge things that he knows not, either upon oath, by which the third commandment, the sixth or eighth, as well as this, are broken, or in common converse, slandering, backbiting, tale — bearing, aggravating what is done amiss, and any way endeavouring to raise our own reputation upon the ruin of our neighbor's.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Exodus 20:16

Thou shalt not bear false (m) witness against thy neighbour.

(m) But further his good name, and speak truth.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 23:6-7 Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause. ... Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.
Leviticus 19:11 Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.
Leviticus 19:16 Thou shalt not go up and down [as] a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I [am] the LORD.
Deuteronomy 19:15-21 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established. ... And thine eye shall not pity; [but] life [shall go] for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
1 Samuel 22:8-19 That all of you have conspired against me, and [there is] none that sheweth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and [there is] none of you that is sorry for me, or sheweth unto me that my son hath stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day? ... And Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and sheep, with the edge of the sword.
1 Kings 21:10-13 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme God and the king. And [then] carry him out, and stone him, that he may die. ... And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: and the men of Belial witnessed against him, [even] against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme God and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him with stones, that he died.
Psalms 15:3 [He that] backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour.
Psalms 101:5-7 Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer. ... He that worketh deceit shall not dwell within my house: he that telleth lies shall not tarry in my sight.
Proverbs 10:18 He that hideth hatred [with] lying lips, and he that uttereth a slander, [is] a fool.
Proverbs 11:13 A talebearer revealeth secrets: but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.
Matthew 26:59-60 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death; ... But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, [yet] found they none. At the last came two false witnesses,
Acts 6:13 And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceaseth not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law:
Ephesians 4:31 Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:
1 Timothy 1:10 For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
2 Timothy 3:3 Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,
James 4:11 Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of [his] brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 23:6. Lv 19:11, 16. Dt 19:15. 1S 22:8. 1K 21:10. Ps 15:3; 101:5. Pv 10:18; 11:13. Mt 26:59. Ac 6:13. Ep 4:31. 1Ti 1:10. 2Ti 3:3. Jm 4:11.

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